|Born||5 February 1918|
|Died||2 February 1982Script error: No such module "age".)(aged|
|Place of birth||Norden|
|Place of death||Norden|
|Years of service||1936–1945, 1956–1977|
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross|
Otto Christian Ites (5 February 1918 – 2 February 1982) was a Kapitänleutnant with the Kriegsmarine during World War II and later a Konteradmiral with the Bundesmarine. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German language: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.
Career[edit | edit source]
Ites served as second watch officer on nine war patrols on U-48, the first five patrols under the command of Herbert Schultze, two patrols under Hans-Rudolf Rösing and two patrols under Heinrich Bleichrodt. Promoted to Oberleutnant zur See on 1 October 1940 and he was made first watch officer on U-48. In this position he went on one more patrol (10 November 1940 – 13 March 1941), U-48 now again under the command of Herbert Schultze. He commanded U-146 and U-94, sinking fifteen ships on seven patrols, for a total of 76,882 gross register tons (GRT) tons of Allied shipping. In September 1941 the Pegasus was torpedoed and all the crew managed to scramble into 2 lifeboats. One of the lifeboats was rescued but the other was found empty and upside down. The Captain reported that the Pegasus was torpedoed twice, the first one caused quite a lot of damage and the crew left the ship, but then she was torpedoed again and she sank. On 28 August 1942 U-94 was sunk by depth charges in the Caribbean Sea, in position from a Catalina of VP-92 and by the Canadian corvette HMCS Oakville. Ites and 25 of her crew were taken prisoner of war. Ites remained in US captivity at Camp Crossville, Tennessee, until 1 May 1946.
After the war Otto Ites matriculated at the University of Bonn in the winter semester 1946/47. He submitted his dissertation on 20 October 1950 at the medical faculty. Dr. Ites joined the military service of the Bundesmarine and as Fregattenkapitän commanded the destroyer Zerstörer 2 (D171), formerly USS Ringgold (DD-500), from November 1960 until September 1962. His twin brother, Oberleutnant zur See Rudolf Ites, commander of U-709, was killed in action on 1 March 1944. U-709 was sunk by depth charges from the US destroyer escorts USS Thomas, Bostwick and Bronstein north of the Azores at .
Summary of career[edit | edit source]
Ships Attacked[edit | edit source]
|Date||Name of ship||Flag||Tonnage||Fate|
|28 Jun 1941||Pluto||Finland||3,496||Sunk at|
|15 September 1941||Newbury||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||5,102||Sunk at|
|15 September 1941||Pegasus||Greece||5,762||Sunk at|
|15 September 1941||Empire Eland||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||5,613||Sunk at|
|1 October 1941||San Florentino||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||12,842||Sunk at|
|24 February 1942||Empire Hail||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||7,005||Sunk at|
|9 March 1942||Cayrǘ||Brazil||5,152||Sunk at|
|11 March 1942||Hvoslef||Norway||1,630||Sunk at|
|25 March 1942||Imperial Transport||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||8,022||Damaged at|
|12 May 1942||Coclé||Panama||5,630||Sunk at|
|13 May 1942||Tolken||Sweden||4,471||Sunk at|
|13 May 1942||Batna||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||4,399||Sunk at|
|5 June 1942||Maria de Glória*||Portugal||320||Sunk at|
|10 June 1942||Ramsay||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||4,855||Sunk at|
|10 June 1942||Empire Clough||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||6,147||Sunk at|
|11 June 1942||Pontypridd||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||4,458||Sunk at|
* Sailing vessel
Awards[edit | edit source]
- Iron Cross (1939)
- U-boat War Badge (1939) (21 December 1939)
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 28 March 1942 as Oberleutnant zur See and commander of U-94
- Mentioned twice in the Wehrmachtbericht on 30 March 1942 and 18 June 1942
Wehrmachtbericht references[edit | edit source]
|Date||Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording||Direct English translation|
|Monday, 30 March 1942||Bei den Erfolgen gegen die britisch-amerikanische Handelsschiffahrt im Nordatlantik hat sich das Unterseeboot unter Führung des Oberleutnants zur See Ites besonders ausgezeichnet.||In the success against the Anglo-American merchant shipping in the North Atlantic, the submarine under the leadership of Lieutenant at Sea Ites has particularly distinguished itself.|
|Thursday, 18 June 1942||Die Unterseeboote unter Führung der Kapitänleutnante Mohr, Topp, Witte und von Rosenstiel und des Oberleutnants zur See Ites haben sich bei der Bekämpfung der feindlichen Versorgungsschiffahrt besonders ausgezeichnet.||The submarines under the leadership of Captain Lieutenant Mohr, Topp, Witte and von Rosenstiel and Lieutenant at Sea Ites have in the fight against the enemy supply shipping particularly distinguished themselves.|
References[edit | edit source]
- Busch and Röll 2003, p. 207.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 240.
- Scherzer 2007, p. 414.
- Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939-1945 Band 2, p. 72.
- Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939-1945 Band 2, p. 166.
- Busch, Hans-Joachim; Röll (2003) (in German). Der U-Boot-Krieg 1939–1945 — Die Ritterkreuzträger der U-Boot-Waffe von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 [The U-Boat War 1939–1945 — The Knight's Cross Bearers of the U-Boat Force from September 1939 to May 1945]. Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn Germany: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn. ISBN 978-3-8132-0515-2.
- Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) (in German). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches]. Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6.
- Kurowski, Franz (1995). Knight's Cross Holders of the U-Boat Service. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing. ISBN 978-0-88740-748-2.
- Range, Clemens (1974). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Kriegsmarine [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Navy]. Stuttgart, Germany: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 978-3-87943-355-1.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007) (in German). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives]. Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
- (in German) Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, 1. Januar 1942 bis 31. Dezember 1943 [The Wehrmacht Reports 1939–1945 Volume 2, 1 January 1942 to 31 December 1943]. München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2.
[edit | edit source]
Fregattenkapitän Günter Kuhnke
|Commander of German destroyer Z-2 (formerly USS Ringgold)
December 1960 – September 1962
Fregattenkapitän Paul Brasack
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