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Ottoman–Safavid War of 1603–1618
Part of the Turco–Persian Wars
LocationMesopotamia (Iraq), South Caucasus
Result Decisive Safavid victory.
Safavid Empire  Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Shah Abbas I Ottoman Empire Sultan Ahmed I
Ottoman Empire Osman II

The Ottoman–Safavid War was a war between Safavid Persia under Abbas I of Persia and the Ottoman Empire under Sultan Ahmed I. It began in 1603 and ended with Safavid victory in 1618.


Abbas I had recently undertaken a major reform of his army through the English gentleman of fortune Robert Shirley and the shah's favorite ghulam and chancellor Allahverdi Khan and thus opened in 1603, with the first Safavid pitched victory won in 1604. This forced the Ottomans to return the territory they had seized from Persia, including Baghdad. He then won another victory at Basra in 1605, soon after extending his empire beyond the Euphrates; and forcing the Ottomans to cede Shirvan and Kurdistan to Persia in 1611. Hostilities ceased momentarily in 1614 with the Persian army at its peak. Hostilities later resumed and Abbas completely defeated the allied Ottoman-Tartar force near Sultanieh in 1618, bringing the war to an end on terms highly favourable to the Persians.

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