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Palestro-class torpedo boat
Class overview
Builders: Orlando, Livorno
Operators: Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Regia Marina
War Ensign of Germany (1938–1945).svg Kriegsmarine
Built: 1917-1923
In commission: 1921-1944
Planned: 8
Completed: 4
Lost: 4
General characteristics [1]
Displacement: 875 long tons (889 t) standard
1,076 long tons (1,093 t) full
Length: 81.9 m (268 ft 8 in) o/a
80 m (262 ft 6 in) w/l
Beam: 8 m (26 ft 3 in)
Draught: 2.7 m (8 ft 10 in)
Propulsion:
  • 4 × Thornycroft boilers
  • 2 × Zoelly steam turbines
  • 18,000 hp (13,423 kW)
  • 2 shafts
Speed: 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph)
Range: 1,970 nmi (3,650 km; 2,270 mi) at 14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph)
Complement: 118
Armament:
  • 4 × Schneider-Armstrong 1917 model 102/45 mm main guns
  • 2 × Ansaldo 76/40 mm guns
  • 2 × 6.5/80 mm guns
  • 4 × 450 mm (18 in) torpedo tubes
  • From 10 to 38 mines

The Palestro-class torpedo boats were torpedo boats of the Italian Regia Marina that saw service from the mid-1920s to World War II.

The ships were designed in 1915 and based on the Audace-class destroyer. Eight ships were ordered, but because of wartime shortages of materials only four were eventually completed. These four ships were laid down in 1917 at the Orlando shipyard in Livorno, but were not finally completed until 1921-1923. In 1938 they were re-rated as torpedo boats.[1]

The design was subsequently enlarged into the Sella-class destroyers, a design that was developed into a series of medium sized Italian destroyer classes.[2]

ShipsEdit

  • Palestro (PT) was laid down in April 1917, launched on 23 March 1919 and completed in January 1921. She was sunk by the British submarine Osiris (N67) off Durrës, Albania, on 22 September 1940.[1]
  • Confienza (CF) was laid down in May 1917, launched on 18 December 1920 and completed in April 1923. She sank after a collision with auxiliary cruiser Capitano A. Cecchi off Brindisi on 20 November 1940.[1]
  • San Martino (SM) was laid down in April 1917, launched on 8 September 1920 and completed in October 1922.[1] She was captured by the Germans at Piraeus, Greece, on 9 September 1943, and was commissioned into the Kriegsmarine on 28 October 1943 as TA18, later renamed TA17. She was mined on 18 June 1944, and bombed on 18 September 1944 while under repair. She was finally scuttled at Salamis on 12 October 1944.[3]
  • Solferino (SL) was laid down in April 1917, launched on 28 April 1920 and completed in October 1921.[1] She was captured by the Germans at Souda, Crete, on 9 September 1943, and was commissioned into the Kriegsmarine on 25 July 1944 as TA18. She was badly damaged by gunfire during an encounter with the British destroyers Termagant (R89) and Tuscan (R56) off Skiathos, in the Aegean Sea, then ran aground near Volos, and was destroyed by her crew.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Gogin, Ivan (2011). "Palestro destroyers (1921-1923)". navypedia.org. http://www.navypedia.org/ships/italy/it_dd_palestro.htm. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  2. Whitley, M J (2000). Destroyers of World War Two: An International Encyclopedia. London: Arms and Armour Press. pp. 160–161. ISBN 1-85409-521-8. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Gogin, Ivan (2011). "TA17 torpedo boats (1943-1944)". navypedia.org. http://www.navypedia.org/ships/germany/ger_tb_ta17.htm. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 


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