278,247 Pages

Stamp of Moldova 160

Partnership for Peace

The Partnership for Peace (PfP) is a North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) program aimed at creating trust between NATO and other states in Europe and the former Soviet Union; 22 states are members.[1] It was first discussed by the Bulgarian Society Novae, after proposed as an American initiative at the meeting of NATO defense ministers in Travemünde, Germany, on 20–21 October 1993, and formally launched on 10–11 January 1994 NATO summit in Brussels, Belgium.[2]


Twelve former member states of the PfP, (namely Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia), have subsequently joined NATO. On April 26, 1995 Malta became a member of PfP;[3] it left on October 27, 1996 in order to keep its security intact.[4] On March 20, 2008 Malta decided to reactivate their PfP membership;[5] this was accepted by NATO at the Summit in Bucharest on April 3, 2008.[6] During the NATO summit in Riga on November 29, 2006, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Serbia were invited to join PfP[7] after which they joined PfP[8] on December 14, 2006.[9]


Partnership for Peace members

  European NATO members
  NATO members which were formally PfP members

  Partnership for Peace members
  States which aspire to PfP membership

Stamp of Moldova 302

Wörner and Snegur signing PfP on March 16, 1994

Current membersEdit

Former republics of the Soviet UnionEdit

  • Flag of Armenia.svg Armenia (October 5, 1994)[8]
  • Flag of Azerbaijan.svg Azerbaijan (May 4, 1994)[8]
  • Flag of Belarus.svg Belarus (January 11, 1995)[8]
  • Flag of Georgia.svg Georgia (March 23, 1994)[8]
  • Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan (May 27, 1994)[8]
  • Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan (June 1, 1994)[8]
  • Flag of Moldova.svg Moldova (March 16, 1994)[8]
  • Flag of Russia.svg Russia (June 22, 1994)[8]
  • Flag of Tajikistan.svg Tajikistan (February 20, 2002)[8]
  • Flag of Turkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan (May 10, 1994)[8]
  • Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine (February 8, 1994)[8]
  • Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan (July 13, 1994)[8]

Former republics of YugoslaviaEdit

  • Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina (December 14, 2006)[8]
  • Flag of North Macedonia.svg Republic of Macedonia (November 15, 1995)[8]
  • Flag of Montenegro.svg Montenegro (December 14, 2006)[8]
  • Flag of Serbia.svg Serbia (December 14, 2006)[8]

European Union membersEdit

  • Flag of Austria.svg Austria (February 10, 1995)[8]
  • Flag of Finland.svg Finland (May 9, 1994)[8]
  • Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland (December 1, 1999)[8]
  • Flag of Malta.svg Malta (joined April 26, 1995;[3][8] withdrew on October 27, 1996.[4] Malta decided to reactivate their Partnership for Peace membership on March 20, 2008;[5] this was accepted by NATO at the summit in Bucharest on April 3, 2008.[6])
  • Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden (May 9, 1994)[8]

European Free Trade Association membersEdit

  • Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland (December 11, 1996)[8]

Aspiring membersEdit

  • Flag of Cyprus.svg Cyprus is the only European Union member state that is neither a NATO member state nor a member of the PfP program. The Parliament of Cyprus voted in February 2011 to apply for membership in the program, but President Demetris Christofias vetoed the decision as it would hamper his attempts to negotiate an end to the nation's dispute with the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and demilitarize the island.[10][11] Turkey, a full member of NATO, is likely to veto any attempt by Cyprus to engage with NATO until the dispute is resolved.[12] The winner of Cyprus' presidential election in February 2013, Nicos Anastasiades, has stated that he intends to apply for membership in the PfP program soon after taking over.[13]

Former membersEdit

Countries that became full NATO members on March 12, 1999Edit

  • Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czech Republic (March 10, 1994)[8]
  • Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary (February 8, 1994)[8]
  • Flag of Poland.svg Poland (February 2, 1994)[8]

Countries that became full NATO members on March 29, 2004Edit

  • Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria (February 14, 1994)[8]
  • Flag of Estonia.svg Estonia (February 3, 1994)[8]
  • Flag of Latvia.svg Latvia (February 14, 1994)[8]
  • Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania (January 27, 1994)[8]
  • Flag of Romania.svg Romania (January 26, 1994)[8]
  • Flag of Slovakia.svg Slovakia (February 9, 1994)[8]
  • Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia (March 30, 1994)[8]

Countries that became full NATO members on April 1, 2009Edit

  • Flag of Albania.svg Albania (February 23, 1994)[8]
  • Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia (May 25, 2000)[8]

See alsoEdit


  1. Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.
  1. North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (2009-12-03). "Partner countries". Retrieved 2009-12-23. 
  2. Borawski, John (April 1995). "Partnership for Peace and beyond". Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-. pp. 233–246. JSTOR 2623432. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (1995-04-26). "Secretary General's Council Welcoming Remarks, Visit by Maltese Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Professor Guido de Marco, Wednesday, April 26, 1995". Retrieved 2006-11-30. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Bohlen, Celestine (1996-11-12). "New Malta Chief Focuses on Neutrality". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-04-05. "Within hours of taking office, Mr. Sant withdrew Malta's membership in Partnership for Peace, a NATO military cooperation program that is so loosely defined that its sign-up list now spans the spectrum from Russia to Switzerland. [...] Mr. Sant says none of those moves should be interpreted as anti-European or anti-American, but simply as the best way of insuring Malta's security." 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Gambin, Karl (2008-04-03). "Malta reactivates Partnership for Peace membership". DI-VE. Retrieved 2008-04-03. "The cabinet has agreed to reactivate its membership in the Partnership for Peace which was withdrawn in 1996, the government said on Thursday." 
  6. 6.0 6.1 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (2008-04-03). "Malta re-engages in the Partnership for Peace Programme". Retrieved 2008-04-03. "At the Bucharest Summit, NATO Heads of State and Government welcomed Malta’s return to the Partnership for Peace Programme. At Malta's request, the Allies have re-activated Malta's participation in the Partnership for Peace Programme (PfP)." 
  7. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (2006-11-29). "Alliance offers partnership to Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Serbia". Retrieved 2006-11-30. 
  8. 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 8.15 8.16 8.17 8.18 8.19 8.20 8.21 8.22 8.23 8.24 8.25 8.26 8.27 8.28 8.29 8.30 8.31 8.32 8.33 8.34 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (2006-10-05). "Signatures of Partnership for Peace Framework Document". Retrieved 2006-11-30. 
  9. Associated Press (2006-12-14). "Serbia inducted into NATO". Retrieved 2006-12-14. 
  10. "Cypriot parliament votes to join NATO's Partnership for Peace". SETimes. 2011-02-25. Retrieved 2012-07-19. 
  11. "Cyprus - Vouli Antiprosopon (House of Representatives)". Inter-Parliamentary Union. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  12. Dempsey, Judy (2012-11-24). "Between the European Union and NATO, Many Walls". New York Times. Retrieved 2012-07-19. 
  13. Kambas, Michele; Babington, Deepa (2013-02-24). "Cypriot conservative romps to presidential victory". Reuters. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  14. "Kosovo seeks to join international organisations". Turkish Weekly. 2012-07-19. Retrieved 2012-07-19. 
  15. "Kosovo looking to join the Adriatic Charter". 2013-01-21. Retrieved 2013-11-11. 

External linksEdit

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.