|3rd United States Secretary of the Navy|
May 15, 1809 – January 1, 1813
|Preceded by||Robert Smith|
|Succeeded by||William Jones|
|Born||October 16, 1762|
Saint Paul's Parish, South Carolina, U.S.
|Died||June 30, 1816 (aged 53)|
Beaufort, South Carolina, U.S.
|Battles/wars||American Revolutionary War|
Paul Hamilton (October 16, 1762 – June 30, 1816) was the 3rd United States Secretary of the Navy, from 1809 to 1813.
Paul Hamilton was born in Saint Paul's Parish, South Carolina, on October 16, 1762. He left school at the age of sixteen due to financial problems. During the American War of Independence he served actively in military roles in the southern states, fighting under General Francis Marion. He participated with Colonel William Harden in the capture of Fort Balfour.
Following the war, he was a planter and public figure. Hamilton served South Carolina in many public offices including state Representative (1787), State Senator (1794), Comptroller (1800), and the 42nd Governor (1804).
In 1809, President James Madison selected Hamilton to become the third Secretary of the Navy. His term in office included the first months of the War of 1812, during which time the small United States Navy achieved several remarkable victories over British warships. Hamilton was a proponent of military preparedness, especially sea fortifications. Although he wanted to strengthen the Navy, he found the Congress hostile and the President indifferent to his ideas. However, he was responsible for the Naval Hospitals Act of 1811. Secretary Hamilton resigned at the end of 1812 and returned to South Carolina, where he died in Beaufort on June 30, 1816.
References[edit | edit source]
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Naval History & Heritage Command.
[edit | edit source]
- SCIway Biography of Paul Hamilton
- NGA Biography of Paul Hamilton
- Paul Hamilton (politician) at Find a Grave
- Paul Hamilton Papers at the University of South Carolina Library's Digital Collections Page (letters from 1802–1812)
James Burchill Richardson
|Governor of South Carolina
|United States Secretary of the Navy
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