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Paul Maitla
File:Paul Maitla.jpg
Major Paul Maitla
A military commander of the 45th Estonian Regiment
Nickname "Kugelblitz" ("Ball Lightning")
Born (1913-03-27)March 27, 1913
Died May 10, 1945(1945-05-10) (aged 32)
Place of birth Kärkna, Tartu County, Estonia
Place of death Nymburk, Czechoslovakia
Allegiance  Estonia
 Soviet Union
Flag of Germany (1935–1945).svg Nazi Germany
Service/branch Flag of the Schutzstaffel.svg Waffen SS
Years of service 1938–1945
Rank Major, Sturmbannführer
Unit 1938, 3rd Infantry battalion, Estonian Army
1939, Estonian state defence instructor
1940, 171st Infantry Battalion, Red Army
1941, 37th Police Battalion, Wehrmacht
1943, Estonian Legion
1944, 20th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Estonian)
Battles/wars World War II Eastern Front
Battle of Narva (1944), including:
Battle for Narva Bridgehead and Battle of Tannenberg Line
Battle of Oppeln
Awards Iron Cross 2nd & 1st class
Infantry Assault Badge
Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Eastern Front Medal

Paul Maitla (born Paul Mathiesen; March 27, 1913 – May 10, 1945) was an Estonian military commander. He is one of the four Estonian soldiers who received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. He received his award for leading the recapture of the central hill of the Sinimäed during the Battle of Tannenberg Line, effectively braking the Soviet offensive in that sector.

Early life[edit | edit source]

Paul was the youngest of three children of the family. His brother died in the Estonian War of Independence, 8 years older sister had died in Estonia a few years after World War II.

Paul Maitla attended elementary school in Sipe from 1921, Tartu Kommertsgümnaasium from 1927, finally graduating from the Poeglaste secondary school in 1934. After graduation he changed his name to Maitla.

In September 1934 Maitla entered the Estonian Military School and specialised in pioneering. Maitla then entered officer training in 1937, graduating in August 1938. He was then assigned to the 3rd Infantry battalion in Valga. On Independence Day, 1939, he was promoted by the President of Estonia to the rank of lieutenant. During 1939 and 1940 he was the State defence instructor in the secondary schools of Tartu.

World War II[edit | edit source]

After the Soviet occupation of Estonia in 1940, Maitla was drafted into the Red Army, where he served until he was captured by the Germans in July 1941. Maitla was then interned by the Germans until November 1941, when he was released and joined the 37th Police Battalion, and tasked with guarding German airfields.

In the autumn of 1942. Maitla was promoted to lieutenant. In October, he joined the Estonian Legion. He and 113 men were sent to Poland for training. From there, he was sent to Bad Tolz for additional officer training. Maitla returned from training in 1943 and was promoted to commander of the 3rd Company of the 1st Battalion of the 45th Regiment. In April 1943, the Estonian Waffen SS brigade participated in the battles in Nevel, and he received the Iron Cross II class on 8 December for bravery.

While on leave, he married Aino Angerjas on December 18, and in autumn of 1943, his daughter Kai was born. In 1944, Maitla fell ill and was in hospital in Tartu until February.

After he recovered, he was appointed Hauptsturmführer and in April 1944 he was commander of the 1st Battalion of the 45th Regiment of the newly formed 20th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Estonian). In the same year, Maitla with his battalion succeeded in stopping the Red Army offensive at Auvere and received the Iron Cross I class. On 29 July, he and his battalion led a decisive counter-attack at the Battle of Tannenberg Line for which he was awarded the Knights Cross on 23 August.

In August, Maitla was assigned to Combat group Vent, but fell ill again shortly afterwards and admitted into Tartu Hospital. He was then relocated to a hospital in Bregenz, Germany until January 1945. Maitla then rejoined the 45th regiment, which had by this time been relocated to central Europe. On April 20, 1945, he was promoted to Sturmbannführer.

Death[edit | edit source]

The fate of Paul Maitla was uncertain for number of decades, until some information was discovered in 2005 in the city archives of the Czech town of Nymburk. These archives show that Maitla was arrested on May 9, 1945 and murdered together with 4 other Estonian soldiers on May 10 (on the first day of peace after World War II had ended) by Czech communists.[1]

Quote[edit | edit source]

Every little kid learns history at school, studying the history of our nation, but later forgets, how the entire history of Estonians consists only of the struggle for our existence, the struggle against our strong and big neighbors. No other nation's history is like this, no one has fought over so many generations and suffered so much as we, Estonians.

When Pearu of Vargamäe says in Anton Hansen Tammsaare's Truth and Justice, that there is a heroic kind of people at Vargamäe, it's actually said about all Estonians, a heroic kind of people on the shore of the Baltic Sea. We shall fight until we have our lost liberty back and we shall defend it to the last man. These are the Estonians!

—Paul Maitla in his diary at February 26, 1943.

See also[edit | edit source]

  • Sinimäed, a documentary film based upon Paul Maitla's war diaries.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. page 1157, Estonia 1940-1945, Estonian International Commission for the Investigation of Crimes Against Humanity, Tallinn 2006, ISBN 9949-13-040-9

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