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Paul von Plehwe
Pavel Plehve.jpg
Born June 30, 1850
Died March 28, 1916(1916-03-28) (aged 65)
Allegiance Flag of Russian Empire for private use (1914–1917) 3.svg Russian Empire
Service/branch Russian Empire Russian Imperial Army
Rank General
Commands held Moscow military district,
5th army,
Northern front
Battles/wars Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878)
World War I

Paul von Plehwe[1] or Wenzel von Plehwe[2] (Russian: Па́вел Ада́мович (фон) Пле́ве, Pavel Adamovich (von) Plehve) (June 30, 1850 – March 28, 1916), a Baltic German officer, served exclusively in the Russian Army during World War I.

Military careerEdit

After graduation from officer's cavalry school, Plehwe served in an uhlan regiment. In 1877, he graduated from the General Staff Academy. During the Russo-Turkish War, Plehwe served as a staff officer of the 13th corps, and after the war worked in the Bulgarian war ministry, returning to Russia in 1880.

During peacetime Plehwe raised through the ranks, commanding cavalry regiment (1890), Nicholas cavalry school (1895), 2nd cavalry division (1899) and Moscow military district (1909).

World War IEdit

He was given command over the Fifth Army which he led in the Battle of Galicia and the defence of Lodz. The following year he switched command to the new Twelfth Army, which he led in the Second Battle of the Masurian Lakes in February 1915 (where the Russian Tenth Army was defeated by the Germans). He subsequently returned to command of Fifth Army and, briefly, commanded the northern sector of the Eastern Front. Plagued for years by poor health Plehwe was finally invalided out of the army in February 1916; he died later the same year.


External linksEdit

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