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Pauline Kirby (5493900611)

Lieutenant Colonel Pauline Kirby after receiving the position as Chief of Nursing Services at Walter Reed Army Medical Center in 1954.[1]

Pauline Kirby (July 9, 1905 – November 10, 1981) was a member of the United States Army Nurse Corps. She was born in Greenwood, Mississippi on July 9, 1905.[2] She held several positions throughout her 30 years of service in the United States Army Nurse Corps and the Army of the United States.

Early lifeEdit

Documentation shows that Pauline Kirby lived in Greenwood, Mississippi through 1920 with her widowed mother, Cora Kirby, five siblings, a brother in law, and six other housemates.[2] Kirby attended Baptist Memorial Hospital in Memphis, Tennessee and graduated in 1926.[3]

Service in the United StatesEdit

After entering the Army Nurse Corps in 1927, she was assigned to Fort Sam Houston station hospital in Texas.[4] Kirby, with service number N35, was appointed to Second Lieutenant of Army Nurse Corps Reserves on June 5, 1927 and began active duty. On June 30, 1928 Kirby transferred to the Army Nurse Corps. Kirby was promoted to First Lieutenant of the Army Nurse Corps on February 24, 1941. On May 18, 1943 Kirby took position as Major of the Army Nurse Corps. Kirby became Lieutenant Colonel in the Army of the United States on May 1, 1945. On July 15, 1947 she returned to the Army Nurse Corps with the rank of Major.[5] As Lieutenant Colonels, in 1956, Pauline Kirby and Agnes A Maley were the first two members of the Army Nurse Corps allowed to hold the position as temporary Colonels in the Army of the United States.[6] Kirby retired from the Army Nurse Corps on August 31, 1957.[5]

Nursing positionsEdit

From 1942 to 1945, Pauline Kirby was the Assistant Director of Nurses in the South West Pacific during World War II.[3] After her service during World War II, Kirby was a head nurse at Northington General Hospital in Tuscaloosa, Alabama.[3] A year later, in 1946, she obtained another top nursing position at Moore General Hospital in Ashville, North Carolina.[3] Following this, in 1947 Major Kirby began her work as Chief Nurse at Percy Jones General Hospital in Battle Creek, Michigan.[3] Kirby continued at this position until 1949 when she replaced Lieutenant Colonel Katherine E. Hayes of the Army Nurse Corps at Tripler Army Hospital in Hawaii.[3] In December 1952, Kirby left Tripler Army Hospital and was titled Chief of Nursing Service at the Army and Navy Hospital in Hot Springs, Arkansas.[3] On May 3, 1954 Kirby maintained her position as Chief of Nursing Service and relocated to Walter Reed Army Medical Center.[3] In 1957, Colonel Pauline Kirby was recognized as one of eight army nurses that cared for President Dwight D. Eisenhower while he stayed at the Walter Reed Army Hospital[7] due to inflammation of his small intestine. This complication required surgery, which caused him to receive care from June 7 to June 30, 1956.[8]

Neuropsychiatric workEdit

Pauline Kirby was assistant director of Nursing in the South West Pacific Area. She developed the foundations of the neuropsychiatric hospitals. In this area, the first two hospitals that were designed to accommodate psychiatric disorders were 141st Station Hospital in Mime Bay and 148th Station Hospital in Oro Bay. These hospitals opened in January 1944. As assistant director, Kirby implemented the following regulations::

  1. All nurses within the psychiatric hospitals must partake in a dynamic psychiatric course.
  2. All nurses are allowed to be present and give feedback at case conferences for the patients.
  3. All nurses must have daily meetings with the ward officers in regards to their patients.

Following the two model hospitals, the 18th, 171st, 233rd, 116th, 124th, 108th, and 364th Station Hospitals began treatment of psychiatric patients. Assistant Director Pauline Kirby reported information on behalf of these hospitals including job descriptions of all positions within the hospitals.[9]

DeathEdit

Pauline Kirby died in Greenwood, Mississippi on November 10, 1981.[10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Acc. 90-105 - Science Service, Records, 1920s-1970s, Smithsonian Institution Archives
  2. 2.0 2.1 Ancestry.com. 1920 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 Smithsonian Institution Archives. Smithsonian Institution. pp. 90–105, box 11, folder KIR. 
  4. "About People You Know". 1954-01-01. pp. 674–684. JSTOR 3460685. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Ancestry.com. U.S., Select Military Registers, 1862-1985 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013.
  6. "Army Nurse Corps Chronology". http://history.amedd.army.mil/ANCWebsite/highlights/chrono.html. 
  7. "News Highlights". 1957-01-01. pp. 276–289. JSTOR 3417218. 
  8. "President Eisenhower's Big Day June 29, 1956". https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/infrastructure/bigday.cfm. 
  9. "The Neuropsychiatric Nurse". http://history.amedd.army.mil/booksdocs/wwii/NeuropsychiatryinWWIIVolI/chapter21.htm. 
  10. Ancestry.com. U.S., Social Security Death Index, 1935-2014 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2011.

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