Paval Zhauryd (1889 in Žaǔryd – 1939, Belarusian language:Павал Жаўрыд) was a Belarusian military commander.
Zhauryd was born in the village Cieciarouka near Slutsk and graduated from the Slutsk Gymnasium in 1909. As a student of the Gymnasium, Zhauryd created a Belarusian independentionalist club with his classmates. After Gymnasium he studied at the Law faculty of the Warsaw University.
With the outbreak of World War I In 1916 he has been mobilized to the army of the Russian Empire. And after a military training in Poltava, Paval Zhauryd has been sent to Turkestan and later to the Romanian Front. After the Russian February Revolution Paval Zhauryd has been elected his regiment's committee president. He was a delegate at the First All-Belarusian congress in December 1917, where preparations to the declaration of independence of the Belarusian National Republic have been initiated.
Since 1918 Zhauryd has been working as a lawyer in Slutsk. At that time he became member of the Belarusian Socialist-Revolutionary Party. In the summer of 1919 he was arrested by Bolsheviks and accused of "assisting Denikin" and brought to Smolensk.
Liberated in 1919, Zhauryd came back to Slutsk and was elected president of the Slutsk Belarusian Committee, a local group supporting the Belarusian National Republic.
In July 1920 Zhauryd was mobilized by Bolsheviks in the Red Army and was appointed aide to commander of the Slutsk cavalry unit. In late 1920, Belarusian officials appointed Zhauryd the Commissary of the Belarusian National Republic in the Slutsk powiat. In this function Paval Zhauryd was one of the commanders of the anti-Bolshevik Slutsk defence action.
Since 1921 Zhauryd lived in Vilnius, where he was member of the local Belarusian National Committee and the Belarusian Schools Council. He later migrated to East Belarus and worked in his parents' place, in the villages Bor and Zarechcha near Slutsk. In 1923–1930 Zhauryd worked in the Belarusian Agroindustrial Union, in an agricultural education institution in the town of Marjina Horka, the Belarusian Culture Institute and the newspaper Zviazda.
Along with several other Belarusian intellectuals, Paval Zhauryd was arrested by the GPU on 18 July 1930 as part of the Case of the Union of Liberation of Belarus. In April 1931 he was sentenced to 3 years of concentration camp. After liberation in 1933, he lived in Sarapul, Udmurtia.
In 1937 Zhauryd was again arrested "for anti-Soviet propaganda" and sentenced for 10 years of concentration camps. He was sent to Knyazhpogost, Komi Republic where he died in prison.
Paval Zhauryd was rehabilitated in 1988 by the Belarusian Supree Court and the Oblast Court of Kirov.
- ↑ Маракоў Л.У. Рэпрэсаваныя літаратары, навукоўцы, работнікі асветы, грамадскія і культурныя дзеячы Беларусі, 1794—1991. Энц. даведнік. У 10 т. Т.3. Кн.2. — Мн:, 2003. ISBN 985-6374-04-9
- (Belarusian) Нарадзіўся Павал Жаўрыд
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