|Percival P.66 Pembroke|
|Privately owned Hunting Percival P-66 Pembroke C.1 takes off in 2008|
|Manufacturer||Percival Aircraft Company|
|First flight||21 November 1952|
|Primary user||Royal Air Force|
Development[edit | edit source]
The Pembroke was a development of the Percival Prince civil transport. It had a longer wing to permit a higher fully laden weight. The prototype flew on 21 November 1952. Production was complete in early 1958.
Operational history[edit | edit source]
It entered service with the Royal Air Force as the Percival Pembroke C.1 in 1953 to replace the Avro Anson for light transport duties. As with other RAF transports passenger seats are rearward facing for improved safety.
Six were produced as the Pembroke C(PR).1 photographic reconnaissance aircraft. these saw use by No. 81 Squadron RAF during the Malayan Emergency. The RAF's Pembrokes were modified to extend their lifespan in 1970. The last unit to use them was No. 60 Squadron RAF based at RAF Wildenrath in Germany, these were withdrawn from use in 1988 and were replaced by the Hawker Siddeley Andover.
The Finnish Air Force operated two aircraft for aerial photography between 1956 to 1968, on behalf of the National Land Survey of Finland. One of the aircraft was destroyed when it hit a snow wall during landing in 1965. The other aircraft is currently stored at the Aviation Museum of Central Finland.
Survivors[edit | edit source]
Pembroke C.1 WV740 (G-BNPH) is privately maintained in RAF markings in the UK (as of 2009) and gives flying displays. Pembroke C.1 " WV746 is currently housed in Hangar 1 at RAF museum Cosford. Ex CinC's Air Support Command VIP personal aircraft of 1960's and 1970's. Modified to carry wheelchair ramp. Later with 60 Sqdn, Germany. Pembroke Mk. 51 s/n K66-B4001 is located at the Essex County Airport in Fairfield, New Jersey. The aircraft was built in 1953 and last served with the Belgium Air Force. The left engine is inoperable and the aircraft is damaged and in a deteriorated condition. It was offered as a warbird contest prize in spring 2009.
Pembroke Mk 51 s/n K66-4002 is on display at Taylor's Stateline Liquor Store in Neelyville, MO.
Air Atlantique Classic Flight at Coventry Airport, England operate Pembroke C.1 G-BXES painted as XL954 in RAF Transport Command Livery.
Pembroke SE-BKH (ex RAF XK884) is at Västerås Flygmuseum, Sweden, in airworthy condition with Swedish markings.
Variants[edit | edit source]
- P.66 Pembroke C.1
- Communications and transport variant for the RAF, 44 built.
- P.66 Pembroke C(PR).1
- Photographic reconnaissance variant for the RAF, 6 built and 2 conversions from C.1.
- P.66 Pembroke C51
- export variant for Belgium.
- P.66 Pembroke C52
- export variant for Sweden. Swedish military designation Tp 83.
- P.66 Pembroke C53
- export variant for Finland.
- P.66 Pembroke C54
- export variant for West Germany.
- P.66 Pembroke C55
- export variant for Sudan
- P.66 President
- Civil transport version, 5 built.
Operators[edit | edit source]
- Belgian Air Force (12 x C51 operated from 1954 to 1976)
- South Rhodesian Air Force two C.1 aircraft diverted from Royal Air Force contract.
- Royal Air Force - 56 delivered from 1953
- Empire Test Pilots' School
Specifications (Pembroke C.1)[edit | edit source]
Data from Gatwick museum Pembroke page
- Crew: Two pilots
- Capacity: 8 passengers
- Length: 46 ft (14.02 m)
- Wingspan: 64 ft 6 in (19.66 m)
- Height: 16 ft (4.9 m)
- Empty weight: 9,961 lb (4,400 kg)
- Max. takeoff weight: 13,489 lb (6,124 kg)
- Powerplant: 2 × Alvis Leonides 127 9-cylinder supercharged radial piston engines, 540 hp (410 kw) each
- Maximum speed: 186 mph (300 km/h)
- Range: 1,012 nm (1,850 km)
- Service ceiling: 7,680 m (22,000 ft)
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
Notes[edit | edit source]
- Keskinen et al.: Suomen museolentokoneet p. 48, (1981), Forssa, Tietoteos, ISBN 951-9035-60-5
Bibliography[edit | edit source]
- The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985) London: Orbis Publishing, 1985.
- Jackson, A.J. British Civil Aircraft since 1919 (Volume 3). London: Putnam, 1974. ISBN 0-370-10014-X.
- Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE, BA, RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
- Sturtivant, Ray, ISO and John Hamlin. RAF Flying Training And Support Units since 1912. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 2007. ISBN 0-85130-365-X.
[edit | edit source]
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