Peter Gitelman (born May 29, 1917, in Gluskdisambiguation needed, Belarus; died March 10, 2008, in Montreal) was a Red Army Master Sergeant who took part in the Battle of Stalingrad during World War II.
He was one of five children in a roving photographer's family. He went to Ukraine to learn a trade and before the war worked in Kiev as an electrical engineer. When he tried to enlist in the Russian air force, he was rejected because he had impaired vision in his left eye. After the Germans attacked Russia in 1941, Gitelman enlisted in the Red Army When Stalingrad was attacked, Gitelman was sent to work as a technician in Soviet military field hospital #833.
It was in Stalingrad that he met his wife, Elena Gritsenko, a nurse working in the same field hospital. They married in 1945 and they took part in the Prague Offensive, the last major battle of the war.
He was decorated for bravery following the Russian offensive against the Germans that claimed more than one million lives during the winter campaign of 1942-1943. He was awarded the Soviet World War II Order, First Grade, and given medals for taking part in the liberation of Prague, the defence of Stalingrad and the Soviet Victory medal for distinguished military service.
He was an X-ray technician. After the war, he returned to Kiev and did hospital work until he was well into his 70s.
In 1992, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, he emigrated to Canada as a refugee. He became a Canadian citizen, but the Canadian government did not recognize his military service record, and did not consider him a war veteran.
"Canada, he thought, had forgotten that Russians and Canadian soldiers were allies during the war, fighting the same enemy."
"Red Army veterans living in Canada created their own association, but it is little more than a kitchen club. Although he was invited several times to the Russian Embassy to take part in anniversary celebrations, he was ignored by the Canadian department of Veterans affairs."
He died of complications following hip surgery, at the age of 90, on March 10, 2008 at St. Mary's Hospital, in Montreal.
References[edit | edit source]
- "Red Army sergeant never talked about horrors of war". The Gazette. March 30, 2008. http://www.canada.com/montrealgazette/news/insight/story.html?id=50fe3cf9-8d25-45bb-b805-4aeb39d2e68e. Retrieved 2009-12-24.
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