Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation
Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation (obverse)
|Awarded by Russian Federation|
|Awarded for||Space flight|
|Established||March 20, 1992|
|Related||Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR|
The Honorary Title Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation (Russian: Летчик-космонавт Российской Федерации) is a state award of the Russian Federation presented to all cosmonauts who fly for the Russian Federal Space Agency. Usually accompanying the distinction is the title of Hero of the Russian Federation, the highest title that can be awarded to a Russian for performing heroic deeds while in service of the state.
History of the Title
The Honorary Title of Pilot-Cosmonaut was originally established by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on April 14, 1961, it was then called Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR (Russian: Летчик-космонавт СССР). Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the title was retained by the Law of the Russian Federation 2555-1 dated March 20, 1992 and the title was renamed Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation.
The Honorary Title "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation" is assigned by the president of the Russian Federation for the outstanding feat of space flight. The insignia of Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation is worn on the right side of the chest above orders and decorations.
The Honorary Title "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation" is a 25mm wide by 23.8mm high convex pentagon with a gilt silver rim. In the center is an image of the terrestrial globe with the territory of the Russian Federation enamelled in blue. A gold star denotes Moscow as the point of origin of a gilt orbital path going around the globe once to reach a silver satellite at the upper left of the globe. A second orbital path, this time enamelled in red, starts at the bottom center of the globe going up in an arc narrowing along the way to reach a gilt spacecraft above the globe. Along the upper left edge of the pentagon above the globe, the gilt relief inscription "PILOT" (Russian: ЛЕТЧИК), along the upper right edge of the pentagon above the globe, the gilt relief inscription "COSMONAUT" (Russian: КОСМОНАВТ), along the bottom edge of the pentagon under the globe, the gilt inscription "RUSSIA" (Russian: РОССИЯ), along the left and right lower edges of the pentagon, prominent gilt laurel branches. The reverse of the insignia is plain except for the award serial number.
The insignia is secured to a standard Russian square mount by a ring through the suspension loop. The mount is covered by a silk moiré tricolour ribbon of white, blue and red.
List of Pilot-Cosmonauts of the Russian Federation
The individuals listed below have all received the Honorary Title of Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation:
- August 11, 1992, Decree no. 871 — Aleksandr Yurievich Kaleri
- February 5, 1993, Decree no. 181 — Sergei Vasilyevich Avdeev
- July 23, 1993, Decree no. 1060 — Aleksandr Fedorovich Poleshchuk
- January 14, 1994, Decree no. 154 — Vasili Vasilyevich Tsibliev
- August 18, 1994, Decree no. 1697 — Yuri Vladimirovich Usachev
- November 24, 1994, Decree no. 2107 — Yuri Ivanovich Malenchenko
- November 24, 1994, Decree no. 2107 — Talgat Amangeldyuly Musabayev
- April 10, 1995, Decree no. 338 — Elena Vladimirovna Kondakova
- September 7, 1995, Decree no. 907 — Vladimir Nikolaevich Dezhurov
- October 5, 1995 Decreo no. 1017 — Nikolai Mikhailovich Budarin
- April 1, 1996, Decree no. 447 — Yuri Pavlovich Gidzenko
- October 16, 1996, Decree no. 1443 — Yuri Ivanovich Onufrienko
- April 11, 1997, Decree no. 342 — Valeri Grigorievich Korzun
- April 10, 1998, Decree no. 370 — Aleksandr Ivanovich Lazutkin
- April 10, 1998, Decree no. 372 — Pavel Vladimirovich Vinogradov
- April 10, 1998, Decree no. 372 — Salizhan Shakirovich Sharipov
- December 25, 1998, Decree no. 1640 — Yuri Mikhailovich Baturin
- April 5, 1999, Decree no. 428 — Gennadi Ivanovich Padalka
- September 10, 1999, Decree no. 1211 — Valeri Ivanovich Tokarev
- November 9, 2000, Decree no. 1858 — Sergei Viktorovich Zalyotin
- April 9, 2001, Decree no. 408 — Boris Vladimirovich Morukov
- April 10, 2002, Decree no. 367 — Konstantin Mirovich Kozeev
- October 10, 2002, Decree no. 1145 (unpublished) — Yuri Valentinovich Lonchakov
- April 12, 2003, Decree no. 420 — Mikhail Vladislavovich Tyurin
- September 21, 2003, Decree no. 1082 — Fyodor Nikolaevich Yurchikhin
- February 4, 2004, Decree no. 140 — Sergei Yevgenyevich Treshchov
- February 23, 2005, Decree no. 206 (unpublished) — Yuri Georgiyevich Shargin
- Oleg Valeryevich Kotov
- February 5, 2009, (unpublished) — Sergey Alexandrovich Volkov
- February 5, 2009, (unpublished) — Oleg Dmitriyevich Kononenko
- April 12, 2010, Decree no. 449 — Roman Yurievich Romanenko
- October 30, 2010, Decree no. 1310 — Maksim Viktorovich Surayev
- April 12, 2011, Decree no. 432 — Oleg Ivanovich Skripochka
- April 12, 2011, Decree no. 433 — Mikhail Borisovich Korniyenko
- April 12, 2011, Decree no. 433 — Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Skvortsov
- March 3, 2012, Decree no. 270 — Dmitri Yuryevich Kondratyev
- June 25, 2012, Decree no. 904 — Andrei Ivanovich Borisenko
- June 25, 2012, Decree no. 904 — Aleksandr Mikhailovich Samokutyayev
- Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR
- Awards and decorations of the Russian Federation
- Russian Federal Space Agency
- Baikonur Cosmodrome
- "Law of the Russian Federation of March 20, 1992 No 2555-1" (in Russian). Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on state awards. 1999-12-15. http://award.adm.gov.ru/doc/z2555.htm. Retrieved 2012-02-18.
- "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of April 14, 1961" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1961-04-14. http://www.libussr.ru/doc_ussr/usr_5677.htm. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
- "Statute of the Honorary Title "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation"" (in Russian). Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on state awards. 2010-09-07. http://award.gov.ru/zv_zas_spacepilot.html. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
- "Compiled from the site of the President of the Russian Federation" (in Russian). Kremlin News. http://state.kremlin.ru/commission/22/news. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
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