|Battles/wars||Battle of Stalingrad|
The Pitomnik airfield (Russian: питомник, lit. plant nursery) was an airfield in Russia. During the Second World War, it was the primary of seven airfields used by the German Wehrmacht during the Battle of Stalingrad.
Flights originating from Pitomnik generally had two main initial destinations outside the pocket, Tatsinskaya and Morozovskaya.
Overview[edit | edit source]
The airfield at Pitomnik was one of seven airfields within the Stalingrad Pocket after the 6th Army was encircled and the only one properly equipped to handle large amounts of air traffic. The field was equipped with lights for night operation.
Along with anti aircraft guns, the airfield was protected by fighter planes of Jagdgeschwader 3, elements of which were based there (the remainder of JG 3 was stationed outside the pocket). In mid-January, the remaining planes of the group were ordered to leave the pocket.
The airfield was used to fly out the remaining female hospital staff of the 6th Army, when the hopelessness of the situation became apparent. Male medical staff were not permitted to leave. The edges of the runway were filled with wounded German soldiers whose conditions were deemed not serious enough for evacuation, and only ambulatory cases were actually evacuated by air.
From 15 January, Pitomnik came under artillery fire of the Red Army and two days later, the airfield was captured, leaving the 6th Army with Gumrak as its only supply airfield. Karpovka had already fallen on 13 January and alongside Pitomnik, four other airfields fell on 17 January. Gumrak eventually fell on 23 January, leaving the 6th Army without any means of direct support.
As of 2009, the location of the Pitomnik Airfield is used as farmland.
Battle of Stalingrad airfields[edit | edit source]
Pocket airfields[edit | edit source]
Seven airfields were used inside the pocket to supply the 6th Army:
- Bolshaia Rossoshka
- Gumrak, now Volgograd International Airport
External airfields[edit | edit source]
Eleven airfields were used to supply the 6th Army from outside of the pocket:
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- World War II Google book review, page: 1219, multiple authors, publisher: ABC-CLIO, accessed: 9 March 2009
- Chronology of World War II accessed: 9 March 2009
- The airlift December 1942 accessed: 9 March 2009
- Jagdgeschwader 3 accessed: 9 March 2009
- More Bf 109 Aces of the Russian Front author: John Weal, publisher: Osprey Publishing, Google book review, accessed: 9 March 2009
- Medicine at the Battle of Stalingrad Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, author: Rober Kaplan, published: February 2000, accessed: 9 March 2009
- The Great Patriotic War - 1943 accessed: 9 March 2009
- Das Wolf - Third Reich militaria January 1943, accessed: 9 March 2009
- Stalingrad 2001 - Photos accessed: 10 March 2009
Sources[edit | edit source]
[edit | edit source]
- Stalingrad - The Battle on the Steppe with current pictures of the area
- (German) Pictures of Pitomnik & Stalingrad
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