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Political violence in Germany (1918–33)
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-2004-0048, Revolution in Bayern, Gefangener.jpg
Soldiers posing with a captured revolutionary, May 1919
DateNovember 1918–1933
Result Nazi Party seizes power, all opposition political parties are banned, Nazi totalitarian state established.

 Weimar Republic

  • Iron Front
  • Moderates


  • Communists
  • Bavarian Soviet Republic
  • Free Workers' Union of Germany
  • Anarchists


Commanders and leaders
Weimar Republic Friedrich Ebert
Weimar Republic Paul von Hindenburg
Rosa Luxemburg
Paul Levi
Karl Radek
Ernst Thälmann
Kurt Eisner
Ernst Toller
Gustav Landauer
Eugen Levine
Erich Mühsam
Erich Ludendorff
Wolfgang Kapp
Hermann Ehrhardt
Alfred Hugenberg
Adolf Hitler
Ernst Röhm

Substantial political violence existed in Germany from the fall of the House of Hohenzollern and the rise of the Weimar Republic through the German Revolution of 1918–19 until the rise of the Nazi Party to power in 1933 when a Nazi totalitarian state was formed and opposition figures were arrested.

Due to unrest left from the change of government from a monarchy, based on social standing, to a democratic republic, the people of Germany turned to riots and violence. The drastic change allowed for mobility amongst the classes and new voices to be heard. Many large cities, especially Berlin, experienced political rallies which resulted in violence from opposition. The quick overturn of leaders also influenced crises in the interwar period. Ultimately the National socialists took advantage of the radical setting of Germany but leading to this there was great amounts of political violence.

See also[]

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