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'''Prachitgad''' is a [[fort]] in the [[Western Ghats#Mountains|Sahyadri mountain range]] in Maharashtra [[States of India|state]], India. It covers an area of {{convert|5|acre|m2}}.{{Citation needed|date=February 2016}}
{{Use dmy dates|date=August 2017}}
 
{{Use Indian English|date=August 2017}}
 
'''Prachitgad''' is a [[fort]] in the [[Western_Ghats#Mountains|Sahyadri mountain range]] in [[Maharashtra]] [[States of India|state]], [[India]]. It covers an area of {{convert|5|acre|m2}}.{{cn|date=February 2016}}
 
   
== Location ==
+
==Location==
It is located at {{coord|17|13|34|N|73|41|25|E|type:landmark_region:IN|display=inline,title}} on the western edge of [[Chandoli National Park]] in [[Sangli district]] but easiest way to reach is from Ratnagiri district at [[Shringarpur]].It is located on the boundaries of 4 districts Sangli, Kolhapur, Ratnagiri and Satara. It is very romote place to reach from Sangli side due to dense Forrest and mountain terrain. The closest city is [[Sangameshwar]] which is approximately 22 km away. The place is accessible only by foot from Shringarpur near sangmeshwar which is a 5 to 8 hour climb and trek through treacherous terrain or from chandoli dam which is a 14- to 15-hour walk through the forest.
+
It is located at {{coord|17|13|34|N|73|41|25|E|type:landmark_region:IN|display=inline,title}} on the western edge of Chandoli National Park in [[Sangli district]] but easiest way to reach is from Ratnagiri district at [[Shringarpur]].It is located on the boundaries of 4 districts Sangli, Kolhapur, Ratnagiri and Satara. It is very romote place to reach from Sangli side due to dense Forrest and mountain terrain. The closest city is [[Sangameshwar]] which is approximately 22 km away. The place is accessible only by foot from Shringarpur near sangmeshwar which is a 5 to 8 hour climb and trek through treacherous terrain or from chandoli dam which is a 14- to 15-hour walk through the forest.
   
== History ==
+
==History==
   
It is not known who built the Prachitgad fort, but its masonry suggests that it was built during the [[Deccan sultanates|Muslim rule]] (16th century).<ref name="Gaz_1885"/> The [[Maratha empire|Maratha]] king [[Shivaji]] captured the fort in 1660s, and repaired it.<ref>[https://cultural.maharashtra.gov.in/english/gazetteer/RATNAGIRI/his_english.html Early English and French Settlements], Maharashtra State Gazetteer: Ratnagiri</ref>
+
It is not known who built the Prachitgad fort, but its masonry suggests that it was built during the [[Deccan sultanates|Muslim rule]] (16th century).<ref name="Gaz_1885"/> The Maratha king [[Shivaji]] captured the fort in 1660s, and repaired it.<ref>[https://cultural.maharashtra.gov.in/english/gazetteer/RATNAGIRI/his_english.html Early English and French Settlements], Maharashtra State Gazetteer: Ratnagiri</ref>
   
RaoRana Shurveer Suryarao(Suryaji) Surve,Maratha noble who was respected and valued by Shivaji despite being his adversary. His divan Shirke betrayed him which led Shivaji Maharaj to win this fort in 1660. The battle was led by Tanaji Malusare with 1000 soldiers. RaoRana Suryajirao Surve had only 150 soldiers as Shirke - divan had purposely intoxicated all soldiers. After surrendering this fort RaoRana Shurveer Suryajirao moved his capital to Sonawade near Shringarpur , due to cowardly winning the battle Shirkes were not allowed to interfere Prachitgad activities. Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj use to come there to meet RaoRana Shurveer Neelkanthrao surve who shifted his capital from Sonawade to Tulasani near Devrukh . Today Jadhavs and Mhaskes are staying there.{{cn|date=May 2016}}
+
RaoRana Shurveer Suryarao(Suryaji) Surve,Maratha noble who was respected and valued by Shivaji despite being his adversary. His divan Shirke betrayed him which led Shivaji Maharaj to win this fort in 1660. The battle was led by Tanaji Malusare with 1000 soldiers. RaoRana Suryajirao Surve had only 150 soldiers as Shirke - divan had purposely intoxicated all soldiers. After surrendering this fort RaoRana Shurveer Suryajirao moved his capital to Sonawade near Shringarpur , due to cowardly winning the battle Shirkes were not allowed to interfere Prachitgad activities. Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj use to come there to meet RaoRana Shurveer Neelkanthrao surve who shifted his capital from Sonawade to Tulasani near Devrukh . Today Jadhavs and Mhaskes are staying there.{{Citation needed|date=May 2016}}
   
After Sambhaji Maharaj It does not appear in historical records as the site of any notable event until 1817, when it was captured by Chitursingh, the younger brother of the [[Bhonsle#House of Satara|Raja of Satara]]. On 10 June 1818, the fort was captured by a [[British East India Company]] force led by Colonel Cunningham. By 1862, the fort was in ruins, and had been deserted.<ref name="Gaz_1885">{{cite book |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=mrAAVSOj2hYC&pg=PA544 |title=Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency |volume=19 |year=1885 |publisher=Government Central Press |pages=544-545 }}</ref>
+
After Sambhaji Maharaj It does not appear in historical records as the site of any notable event until 1817, when it was captured by Chitursingh, the younger brother of the [[Bhonsle#House of Satara|Raja of Satara]]. On 10 June 1818, the fort was captured by a British East India Company force led by Colonel Cunningham. By 1862, the fort was in ruins, and had been deserted.<ref name="Gaz_1885">{{cite book |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=mrAAVSOj2hYC&pg=PA544 |title=Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency |volume=19 |year=1885 |publisher=Government Central Press |pages=544–545}}</ref>
   
 
==Places to visit==
 
==Places to visit==
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* [[Sangli]]
 
* [[Sangli]]
 
* [[Ratnagiri]]
 
* [[Ratnagiri]]
* [[Kolhapur]]
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* Kolhapur
 
* [[Uran Islampur|Islampur]]
 
* [[Uran Islampur|Islampur]]
 
* [[Shirala]]
 
* [[Shirala]]
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*[[Sangameshwar]]
 
*[[Sangameshwar]]
 
*[[Ratnagiri]]
 
*[[Ratnagiri]]
*[[Kolhapur]]
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*Kolhapur
   
 
==References==
 
==References==
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[[Category:Forts in Maharashtra]]
 
[[Category:Forts in Maharashtra]]
 
[[Category:Ratnagiri district]]
 
[[Category:Ratnagiri district]]
[[Category: Forts in Ratnagiri district]]
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[[Category:Forts in Ratnagiri district]]
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{{Wikipedia|Prachitgad}}

Revision as of 21:39, 24 December 2018

Prachitgad is a fort in the Sahyadri mountain range in Maharashtra state, India. It covers an area of 5 acres (20,000 m2).[citation needed]

Location

It is located at 17°13′34″N 73°41′25″E / 17.22611°N 73.69028°E / 17.22611; 73.69028Coordinates: 17°13′34″N 73°41′25″E / 17.22611°N 73.69028°E / 17.22611; 73.69028 on the western edge of Chandoli National Park in Sangli district but easiest way to reach is from Ratnagiri district at Shringarpur.It is located on the boundaries of 4 districts Sangli, Kolhapur, Ratnagiri and Satara. It is very romote place to reach from Sangli side due to dense Forrest and mountain terrain. The closest city is Sangameshwar which is approximately 22 km away. The place is accessible only by foot from Shringarpur near sangmeshwar which is a 5 to 8 hour climb and trek through treacherous terrain or from chandoli dam which is a 14- to 15-hour walk through the forest.

History

It is not known who built the Prachitgad fort, but its masonry suggests that it was built during the Muslim rule (16th century).[1] The Maratha king Shivaji captured the fort in 1660s, and repaired it.[2]

RaoRana Shurveer Suryarao(Suryaji) Surve,Maratha noble who was respected and valued by Shivaji despite being his adversary. His divan Shirke betrayed him which led Shivaji Maharaj to win this fort in 1660. The battle was led by Tanaji Malusare with 1000 soldiers. RaoRana Suryajirao Surve had only 150 soldiers as Shirke - divan had purposely intoxicated all soldiers. After surrendering this fort RaoRana Shurveer Suryajirao moved his capital to Sonawade near Shringarpur , due to cowardly winning the battle Shirkes were not allowed to interfere Prachitgad activities. Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj use to come there to meet RaoRana Shurveer Neelkanthrao surve who shifted his capital from Sonawade to Tulasani near Devrukh . Today Jadhavs and Mhaskes are staying there.[citation needed]

After Sambhaji Maharaj It does not appear in historical records as the site of any notable event until 1817, when it was captured by Chitursingh, the younger brother of the Raja of Satara. On 10 June 1818, the fort was captured by a British East India Company force led by Colonel Cunningham. By 1862, the fort was in ruins, and had been deserted.[1]

Places to visit

  • Being in the Chandoli National park Prachitgad is studded with beautiful spots. Two main spots being Sada and Kandhar Doh. Sada is the formation made up of frozen lava. Kanddhar Doh is the water fall on the river Warana.
  • There is old Bhairav Bhawani temple at Prachitgad
  • Ancient Sun temple called as Kunkeshwar near Sangameshwar

Nearest towns

  • Sangli
  • Ratnagiri
  • Kolhapur
  • Islampur
  • Shirala

Nearest railway stations

  • Sangli
  • Miraj junction
  • Sangameshwar
  • Ratnagiri
  • Kolhapur

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency. 19. Government Central Press. 1885. pp. 544–545. https://books.google.com/books?id=mrAAVSOj2hYC&pg=PA544. 
  2. Early English and French Settlements, Maharashtra State Gazetteer: Ratnagiri

See also

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