Location[edit | edit source]
It is located at Coordinates: on the western edge of Chandoli National Park in Sangli district but easiest way to reach is from Ratnagiri district at Shringarpur.It is located on the boundaries of 4 districts Sangli, Kolhapur, Ratnagiri and Satara. It is very romote place to reach from Sangli side due to dense Forrest and mountain terrain. The closest city is Sangameshwar which is approximately 22 km away. The place is accessible only by foot from Shringarpur near sangmeshwar which is a 5 to 8 hour climb and trek through treacherous terrain or from chandoli dam which is a 14- to 15-hour walk through the forest.
History[edit | edit source]
It is not known who built the Prachitgad fort, but its masonry suggests that it was built during the Muslim rule (16th century). The Maratha king Shivaji captured the fort in 1660s, and repaired it.
RaoRana Shurveer Suryarao(Suryaji) Surve,Maratha noble who was respected and valued by Shivaji despite being his adversary. His divan Shirke betrayed him which led Shivaji Maharaj to win this fort in 1660. The battle was led by Tanaji Malusare with 1000 soldiers. RaoRana Suryajirao Surve had only 150 soldiers as Shirke - divan had purposely intoxicated all soldiers. After surrendering this fort RaoRana Shurveer Suryajirao moved his capital to Sonawade near Shringarpur , due to cowardly winning the battle Shirkes were not allowed to interfere Prachitgad activities. Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj use to come there to meet RaoRana Shurveer Neelkanthrao surve who shifted his capital from Sonawade to Tulasani near Devrukh . Today Jadhavs and Mhaskes are staying there.
After Sambhaji Maharaj It does not appear in historical records as the site of any notable event until 1817, when it was captured by Chitursingh, the younger brother of the Raja of Satara. On 10 June 1818, the fort was captured by a British East India Company force led by Colonel Cunningham. By 1862, the fort was in ruins, and had been deserted.
Places to visit[edit | edit source]
- Being in the Chandoli National park Prachitgad is studded with beautiful spots. Two main spots being Sada and Kandhar Doh. Sada is the formation made up of frozen lava. Kanddhar Doh is the water fall on the river Warana.
- There is old Bhairav Bhawani temple at Prachitgad
- Ancient Sun temple called as Kunkeshwar near Sangameshwar
Nearest towns[edit | edit source]
Nearest railway stations[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency. 19. Government Central Press. 1885. pp. 544–545. https://books.google.com/books?id=mrAAVSOj2hYC&pg=PA544.
- Early English and French Settlements, Maharashtra State Gazetteer: Ratnagiri
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