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Project Opossum
Part of World War II, Japanese occupation of British Borneo
Date9–11 April 1945
LocationTernate Island
Result Australian success
Belligerents
 Empire of Japan Z Special Unit
Commanders and leaders
Lt George Bosworth
Warrant Officer Dick Perry
Strength
N/A 13 members of Z Force Unit
Casualties and losses
N/A 1

Project Opossum was a World War II raid undertaken by Australia's Z Special Unit in 1945 on the island of Ternate near Borneo to rescue the Sultan of Ternate, Iskander Muhammad Jabit Syah.[1]

The mission was authorised by General Douglas MacArthur who was worried about the Sultan's life. The Sultan had been sympathetic to the Allied cause.

Z Special Unit sent a contingent of 13, mostly Australians and two Indonesian recruits from West Timor and North Sulawesi. They landed on Hiri Island, two kilometres north of Ternate, and went to the coastal village of Kulaba after a six-hour trek. Members of the unit rescued the sultan along with his two wives, eight children and retinue of courtiers and relatives. Several boatloads of Japanese soldiers arrived the next day resulting in a shooting fight which resulted in the death of three Japanese and Australian officer Lieutenant George Bosworth.[2] Warrant Officer Dick Perry assumed command and attacked the remaining Japanese who were all killed.

The sultan and his family were taken to Morotai by PT boat where the sultan spoke with General MacArthur. They were then settled in the Queensland town of Wacol, Queensland until the end of the war.[3]

The mission inspired the film Attack Force Z (1981).[4]

References[]

  1. Smith, Kevin (2012). "Operation Opossum: The Raiding Party to Rescue the Sultan of Ternate, 1945". pp. 48–54. ISSN 0048-8933. 
  2. George Bosworth's service record accessed 15 September 2013
  3. Allard, Tom & Lindsay Murdoch (24 April 2010). "The Untold Story: How Z Force Saved the Sultan". http://www.smh.com.au/world/the-untold-story-how-z-force-saved-the-sultan-20100423-tj7q.html. Retrieved 14 September 2013. 
  4. Johnson, Sue (27 March 1982). "After 37 years and 10 beheadings, Operation Rimau Explodes Again". p. 41. 

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