| RAF Aldermaston|
USAAF Station AAF-467
|IATA: none – ICAO: none|
|Operator|| Royal Air Force|
United States Army Air Forces
|Occupants|| RAF Bomber Command|
Eighth Air Force
Ninth Air Force
RAF Aldermaston is a former Royal Air Force station. It was used by the Royal Air Force and the United States Army Air Forces Eighth and Ninth Air Force as a troop carrier (Douglas C-47 Skytrain) group base, and was assigned USAAF station No. 467.
Wartime RAF useEdit
The airfield was opened by No. 92 Group RAF on 1 July 1942, but was never used by the intended Vickers Wellington bombers because, by then, it had been earmarked for the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF).
Wartime USAAF useEdit
60th Troop Carrier GroupEdit
Once Aldermaston became ready for aircraft in August 1942 the Eighth Air Force 60th Troop Carrier Group was moved in from its temporary stations at RAF Chelveston and RAF Podington. Flying Douglas C-47s and C-54 Skytrains, operational squadrons of the group were:
- 10th Troop Carrier Squadron (S6) (Arrived 7 August from Chelveston)
- 11th Troop Carrier Squadron (7D) (Arrived 15 August from Chelveston)
- 12th Troop Carrier Squadron (U5) (Arrived 15 August from Podington)
- 28th Troop Carrier Squadron (3D) (Arrived 7 August from Podington)
During the following three months. the 60th TCG trained with paratroops preparatory to moving out to North Africa on 6 November on its way to Relizane Airfield, Algeria as part of Twelfth Air Force for participation in Operation Torch, the invasion of North Africa.
67th Observation GroupEdit
On 25 November 1942 The 107th Observation Squadron, 67th Observation Group, was transferred from RAF Membury to Aldermaston with A-20s, L-4s and Supermarine Spitfires. The squadron remained only until 8 January 1943 when it was moved back to Membury.
315th Troop Carrier GroupEdit
On 12 December the first of 24 aircraft of the 315th Troop Carrier Group touched down from Florence Army Airfield, South Carolina with C-47s and C-53s, having made an emergency landing at Montford Bridge near Shrewsbury in Shropshire. Only two of the group's squadrons initially arrived, those being:
- 34th Troop Carrier Squadron (NM)
- 43d Troop Carrier Squadron (UA)
On 6 November the remainder group was reassigned to Ninth Air Force and transferred to RAF Welford thus leaving Aldermaston ready for other uses. However, on 4 December HQ IX Air Support Command was activated at Aldermaston Court and Aldermaston was transferred to the USAAF Ninth Air Force.
15th Tactical Reconnaissance SquadronEdit
On December 1943 the 15th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, 73d Tactical Reconnaissance Group, arrived at Aldermaston from Esler Field, Louisiana without aircraft. They were transferred to RAF Middle Wallop, and equipped with Supermarine Spitfire Vs.
370th Fighter GroupEdit
Delays and changes of plan followed and many weeks passed before another flying organisation arrived. The 370th Fighter Group arrived from Bradley Field, Connecticut on 12 February. Operational squadrons of the group were:
The 370th moved to RAF Andover, as Aldermaston airfield was required for troop carrier operations.
434th Troop Carrier GroupEdit
- 71st Troop Carrier Squadron (CJ)
- 72d Troop Carrier Squadron (CU)
- 73d Troop Carrier Squadron (CN)
- 74th Troop Carrier Squadron (ID)
The 434th TCW was assigned to the 53rd Troop Carrier Wing.
The 434th remained at Aldermaston until 12 February 1945 when the group moved to an Advanced Landing Ground (ALG) at Mourmclon-le-Grand airfield (ALG A-80) in France. With no further USAAF requirement for the station, Aldermaston was returned to the Air Ministry on 15 June.
Postwar RAF useEdit
The airfield was relinquished to the Air Ministry on 15 June 1945. It was to be the site for a flying school, where more than 1,000 former RAF pilots would be retrained to fly civil aircraft. Many of the buildings were refurbished and improved runway lights were installed.
The airfield site subsequently became the location of the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment (A.W.R.E.). The site dropped the A.W.R.E. name in favour of A.W.E. (Atomic Weapons Establishment) in 1987.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to RAF Aldermaston.|
- Ashworth, Chris. (1985). Action Stations. Volume 9: Military airfields of the Central South and South-East. Wellingborough: Patrick Stephens Limited. ISBN 0-85059-608-4.
- Freeman, Roger A. (1994) UK Airfields of the Ninth: Then and Now 1994. After the Battle ISBN 0-900913-80-0
- Freeman, Roger A. (1996) The Ninth Air Force in Colour: UK and the Continent-World War Two. After the Battle ISBN 1-85409-272-3
- Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
- USAAS-USAAC-USAAF-USAF Aircraft Serial Numbers—1908 to present
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