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RAF Brawdy
RNAS Brawdy
HMS Goldcrest
Ensign of the Royal Air ForceNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom
Brawdy, Pembrokeshire
RAF Brawdy aerial view 1944
RAF Brawdy in 1944
Type Royal Air Force installation
Coordinates Latitude: 51.877
Longitude: -5.128
Built 1944 (1944)
In use 1944-1992 (1992)
Current
owner
Ministry of Defence
Controlled by Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom Royal Navy
Battles/wars Second World War
Cold War

RAF Brawdy is a former Royal Air Force satellite station located 6.3 miles (10.1 km) east of St Davids, Pembrokeshire and 9.8 miles (15.8 km) south west of Fishguard, Pembrokeshire, Wales.

It was operational between 1944 and 1992 being used by both the Royal Air Force and the Royal Navy before the site was turned over to the British Army and was named Cawdor Barracks.

HistoryEdit

The Pembrokeshire base was officially opened on 2 February 1944 as a satellite station for the nearby RAF St. David's with No. 517 Squadron RAF moving in a day before with the Handley Page Halifax Mk V before changing to the Mk III in March 1945. The squadron moved to RAF Chivenor on 30 November 1945.[1] The next squadron to move in was 521 Squadron from December 1944 until May 1945 as a detachment operating the Boeing Fortress II.[2] Between 2 February 1944 and 27 April 1946 595 Squadron aircraft may have been based here with a variety of aircraft as a detachment.[3]

Fleet Air Arm useEdit

On 1 January 1946 the station was handed over to the Fleet Air Arm of the Royal Navy and was initially used as a Relief Landing Ground for RNAS Dale. It was commissioned as HMS Goldcrest on 4 September 1952 and in March 1953 the first Hawker Sea Hawk entered service with 806 Naval Air Squadron at RNAS Brawdy. From 1963 till 1971 Fairey Gannets and Hawker Hunters were based at Brawdy in 849 NAS and 738/759 NAS respectively. The Gannets were primarily used in Airborne Early Warning (AEW) and the Hunters for advanced flying training including low-level Navigation, ground attack and air-to-air weapons training. The Royal Navy left in 1971 and the base was allocated to the Department of the Environment.[citation needed]

Sea Hawks 898 NAS at RNAS Brawdy 1954

Sea Hawk F1s of 898 Naval Air Squadron at RNAS Brawdy, 1954.

Back to Royal Air Force controlEdit

In February 1974 the Royal Air Force returned with D Flight[citation needed] of 22 Squadron taking up residence with their Westland Whirlwind HAR.10 search and rescue helicopters.[4] In September of the same year No. 229 Operational Conversion Unit (later the Tactical Weapons Unit) joined D Flight having been forced to relocate after the closure of RAF Chivenor.[citation needed]

The base was home to Hawker Hunter aircraft of the TWU, and the gate guardian at the base was initially a Supermarine Spitfire, this was replaced in the early 80s by Hawker Hunter FGA.9 (XE624). This airframe was subsequently sold to Steve Petch, a private collector.[5]

Between 1 September 1976 and July 1978 a detachment of 202 Squadron flying Whirlwind HAR.10s used the airfield.[6]

By the late 1980s it operated BAe Hawk T.1A (234 and 79 Squadron).[citation needed] The RAF withdrew in 1992 and the base, now known as Cawdor Barracks, is currently occupied by the Royal Signals, being the main electronic warfare base of the British Army.[citation needed]

In September 1988 the married quarter housing estate for RAF Brawdy which was located on the St Davids Estate at nearby Haverfordwest was sold to The Welbeck Estate Group.

United States Navy useEdit

In April 1974 a United States Navy SOSUS station, known as NAVFAC Brawdy, was built adjacent to the RAF base. In 1995 the Joint Maritime Facility at St. Mawgan in Cornwall replaced NAVFAC Brawdy and the facility was deactivated on 1 October 1995.[citation needed]

Current useEdit

Until 2018, the barracks is home to the 14th Signal Regiment ("14 Signals"), the British Army's electronic warfare unit.[7] The Regiment has a HQ squadron[8] and five signal squadrons,[citation needed] one of which is based at RAF Digby:[9]

  • 14th Signal Regiment (Electronic Warfare)
    • Headquarters Squadron[8] (now renamed as Operations Support Squadron)
    • 223 Signal Squadron (Electronic Warfare)
    • 224 Signal Squadron (Electronic Warfare)[9]
    • 226 Signal Squadron (Electronic Warfare)
    • 237 Signal Squadron (Electronic Warfare)[8]
    • 245 Signal Squadron (Electronic Warfare)

Under plans announced in early 2013, Cawdor Barracks will be closed in 2018 and 14 Signals will relocate to MOD St Athan, near Cardiff. The site will then be sold for development. The reasons cited for the closure are cost savings and operational benefits from being based with other Army units.[10]

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

BibliographyEdit

  • Jefford, C.G, MBE, BA, RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.

External linksEdit


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