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RAF Carew Cheriton
Ensign of the Royal Air Force
IATA: none – ICAO: none
Summary
Airport type Military
Owner Air Ministry
Operator Royal Air Force
Location Carew, Pembrokeshire
Built 1938 (1938)
In use 1938-1945 (1945)
Elevation AMSL 92 ft / 28 m
Coordinates 51°41′24″N 004°48′40″W / 51.69°N 4.81111°W / 51.69; -4.81111Coordinates: 51°41′24″N 004°48′40″W / 51.69°N 4.81111°W / 51.69; -4.81111
Map
Pembrokeshire UK location map
Airplane silhouette.svg
RAF Carew Cheriton
Location in Pembrokeshire
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
12/30 3 412 x 164 1 040 x 50 Asphalt
06/24 3 166 x 164 965 x 50 Asphalt
16/24 2 509 x 164 765 x 50 Asphalt

RAF Carew Cheriton was a Royal Air Force airfield of Coastal and Training Command near Carew, Pembrokeshire. It was sited 4.7 miles north west of Tenby. It was built on the site of RNAS Pembroke (aka RNAS Milton) from the First World War, which had been decommissioned and sold off in the inter war years.

HistoryEdit

First World WarEdit

Royal Naval Air Station Pembroke or Milton as it was known then opened in August 1915. The base operated SS-class (Submarine Scout or Sea Scout), SSZ-class (Sea Scout Zero) and C-class (Coastal-class or 'Coastals') blimps which operated over the Irish Sea, Bristol Channel and Western Approaches on anti-submarine patrols. In April 1917 the base began operating Sopwith 1½ Strutter and Airco D.H.6 biplanes. Royal Naval Air Station Pembroke closed in March 1920.

Airship SSZ17 LandingPembroke1917

SSZ-class blimp SSZ17 Landing at Royal Naval Air Station Pembroke 1917. The hangars in the background are no longer standing.

Aircraft of the Royal Air Force 1939-1945- Avro 652a Anson. C2119

Avro Anson Mk.I K6285/MW-F foreground and Avro Anson Mk.I N9742/MW-Y background of No.321 (Dutch) Squadron RAF.

Second World WarEdit

Carew Cheriton was recommissioned in 1938, initially with grass runways. From the early 1940s there were three concrete runways, making the station a Class A airfield. The airfield was used as a support station for the flying boat operations at RAF Pembroke Dock. Operational flying ceased in 1942. On 15 April 1941 12 airmen were killed in a Luftwaffe air raid which hit the station's sickbay. In 1942 the station became No. 10 Radio School, a training camp for aircrew wireless operators. RAF Carew Cheriton closed in 1945.

Based squadronsEdit

Squadron Aircraft From To To Notes
32 Hawker Hurricane I 17 April 1941 1 June 1941 RAF Angle Detachment from RAF Pembrey.[1]
48 Bristol Beaufort I 16 July 1940 3 August 1941 RAF Stornoway Detachment from RAF Hooton Park.[2]
75 Vickers Wellington I 14 September 1939 8 April 1940 Disbanded Detachment from RAF Harwell.[3]
217 Avro Anson I
Bristol Beaufort I
2 October 1939 29 October 1941 RAF Thorney Island Detachment from RAF St Eval.[4]
236 Bristol Blenheim IVF
Bristol Beaufighter IC
21 March 1941 9 February 1942 RAF Wattisham A detachment was at RAF St Eval.[5]
238 Hawker Hurricane IIA 1 April 1941 16 April 1941 RAF Chilbolton Detachment from RAF Pembrey.[6]
254 Bristol Blenheim IVF 11 February 1942 1 June 1942 RAF Dyce [7]
286 Hawker Hurricane IIC April 1942 April 1944 RAF Zeals Detachment from RAF Lulsgate Bottom.[8]
320 Lockheed Hudson I 18 January 1941 21 March 1941 RAF Leuchars Absorbed 321 Squadron.[9]
321 Avro Anson I 24 June 1940 18 January 1941 RAF Carew Cheriton Absorbed by 320 Squadron.[9]
500 Bristol Blenheim IV 30 May 1941 22 March 1942 RAF Stornoway Detachment from RAF Bircham Newton.[10]
587 Hawker Henley I
Hawker Hurricane IV
Miles Martinet
Hawker Hurricane IIC
10 April 1944 1 October 1944 RAF Weston Zoyland Detachment from RAF Culmhead.[11]

PostwarEdit

The base was used as an emergency landing site on two occasions after its closure. A de Havilland Vampire FB.5 from Anglesey made a successful emergency landing on the old runway after experiencing mechanical problems. A Bristol Beaufighter in a separate incident also attempted an emergency landing but sadly crashed short of the runway with no survivors.

Current useEdit

The site is no longer used as an airfield though much remains including the runway and the Second World War control tower (adjacent to the Carew Cheriton Showground) has been restored by the Carew Cheriton Control Tower Group, and turned into a museum which is open to the public. The airfield is also used for various events and activates including car boot sales, auctions and part of the airfield has been converted for use as a go-cart track.

Other InformationEdit

In 1962 Airfix released a 1/72 scale plastic model kit of Avro Anson Mk.I RAF serial: N9742, squadron code: MW-Y of No.321 (Dutch) Squadron RAF which was stationed at RAF Carew Cheriton August–November 1940. It has been rereleased several times since.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. Jefford 1988, p. 35.
  2. Jefford 1988, p. 41.
  3. Jefford 1988, p. 48.
  4. Jefford 1988, p. 71.
  5. Jefford 1988, p. 75.
  6. Jefford 1988, p. 76.
  7. Jefford 1988, p. 79.
  8. Jefford 1988, p. 84.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Jefford 1988, p. 86.
  10. Jefford 1988, p. 94.
  11. Jefford 1988, p. 97.

BibliographyEdit

  • Jefford, C.G, MBE,BA ,RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1988. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.

External linksEdit


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