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RAF Credenhill
{{{location}}}
Coordinates Latitude:
Longitude:
Built 1939 (1939)[1]
In use 15 June 1940 - 23 April 1994[1][2]
Current
owner
Ministry of Defence
Battles/wars Second World War

RAF Credenhill[1], also known as RAF Hereford[2][3], was a non-flying station of the Royal Air Force situated in the village of Credenhill near Hereford, United Kingdom. It was commissioned in 1940 and served as home for a range of training schools from 1940 until closure in 1994.[1][4] The site was subsequently obtained by the British Army.[1][5]

HistoryEdit

First World WarEdit

After the outbreak of the First World War, the Ministry of Munitions were required to create a number of Royal Ordnance Factory munitions production facilities quickly and cheaply. In 1912 Herefordshire County Council had bought 185 acres (75 ha) of the former Rotherwas estate from the Lubienski-Bodenham family, overlooked by Dinedor Hill and bordered by the Wye meadows.[6][7]

A site of 100 hectares (250 acres) was acquired by the Ministry on 15 June 1916, at Lower Bullingham just south of Hereford on the junction of the Welsh Marches Line and the Hereford, Ross and Gloucester Railway. Laid out to a standard design, ROF Rotherwas encompassed:[6][7]

  • 27 miles (43 km) standard gauge railway
  • 3 miles (4.8 km) of roads
  • 9 miles (14 km) of guard fence
  • 10 miles (16 km) of footpaths and sentry paths
  • 370 buildings varying in floor area; like a typical munitions facility, the buildings were widely spaced on safety reasons, to avoid complete destruction of the facility in case of an explosion

For storage purposes, the ROF also acquired railway-connected lands at Credenhill the Credenhill Railway Sidings.[8][6][7]

All components were produced elsewhere, with the facility responsible for final production: inserting explosive into shells and fitting detonators. Shell filling began on 11 November 1916, with both Lyddite and Amatol explosives being used in production. From June 1918, supplied with dichloroethyl sulphide by the National Smelting Company at Avonmouth Docks, the facility produced mustard gas shells.[9][10] By the end of WW1, the average output of shells from the facility was 70,000 per week.[6][7][11]

Second World WarEdit

In 1939, the Credenhill Railway Sidings was requisitioned and shortly after the outbreak of the Second World War preparations and construction started with the station officially opening on 15 June 1940.[1] A 112 bed hospital was established on 15 June 1940, opposite the main camp.[1] The Commonwealth Training Programme was begun in 1942, and the station was used as an assembly point for officers and airmen about to proceed to Canada for training.[1]

RAF Hereford - 330 Entry Admin Apprentices graduation photograph - August 1973

Graduation photograph of 2 Squadron RAF Admin Apprentices, RAF Hereford, August 1973; the final entry to graduate from No. 3 School of Technical Training

The following units were posted here:-

  • No. 11 School of Technical Training from 15 June 1940 to 30 September 1945.[3]
  • School of Torpedo Maintenance from 1942 to 1946.[2]
  • No. 7 Mobile Parachute Servicing Unit from 17 April 1944 to February 1945.[3]
  • HQ, No. 24 Group from September 1944 to December 1944.[3]
  • No. 1 Air Crew Officers School from 1 November 1944 until 1 May 1946.[3]
  • No. 2 School of Administration and Accounting Training from 1944 to May 1948.[3][2]
  • No. 6 School of Recruit Training from 1950 to 1952[1]
  • No. 533 Sqn RAF Regiment from 1 July 1952 to ?[3]
  • Administrative Apprentice Training School from 1953 to 1959[2], 1962-63[2]
  • RAF School of Catering from September 1958 - ?[3][2]
  • No. 3 School of Technical Training from April 1959 until 17 May 1974.[3]
  • School of Basic Training for WRAF from 25 March 1974 to August 1982.[1][4]
  • Youth Training Squadron from September 1983 to 1994.[1][4]

ClosureEdit

On 23 April 1994 the station closed.[2][1] The site was obtained by the British Army to redevelop for the Special Air Service headquarters base with the SAS subsequently moving from Hereford in 1999 and in 2000 the base was designated as Stirling Lines.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 "RAF Credenhill (originally RAF Hereford No. 11 School of Technical Training), nr Hereford". Herefordshire Council. http://htt.herefordshire.gov.uk/her-search/monuments-search/search/Monument?ID=27693. Retrieved 23 June 2017. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 "RAF Hereford". http://rafadappassn.org/hereford/royal-air-force-hereford/. Retrieved 24 June 2017. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 "RAF Hereford (Credenhill)". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. http://www.rafweb.org/Stations/Stations-H.htm#Hereford. Retrieved 9 April 2012. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Unit History: RAF Credenhill". https://www.forces-war-records.co.uk/units/1802/raf-credenhill/. Retrieved 23 June 2017. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Goodwin, Nicola (6 May 2010). "SAS: Troopers tell their stories". BBC. http://news.bbc.co.uk/local/herefordandworcester/low/people_and_places/history/newsid_8638000/8638149.stm. Retrieved 23 June 2017. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "National Filling Factory (Rotherwas Royal Ordnance Factory), Rotherwas". Herefordshire Council. http://htt.herefordshire.gov.uk/her-search/monuments-search/search/monument?smr_no=22555. Retrieved 24 June 2017. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Edmonds, John (2004). The History of Rotherwas Munitions Factory, Hereford. Logaston Press. 
  8. "Credenhill Railway Sidings". Herefordshire Council. http://htt.herefordshire.gov.uk/her-search/monuments-search/search/monument?smr_no=30856. Retrieved 24 June 2017. 
  9. Haber L.F. (1986). "10". The Poisonous Cloud. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198581420. 
  10. Ian F.W. Beckett. "The Home Front 1914-1918: How Britain Survived the Great War". https://books.google.com/books?id=VCtRAgAAQBAJ&pg=PT38&lpg=PT38&dq=Chittening+munitions+factory&source=bl&ots=q9nhVgd-yj&sig=fww3lJqB1nT2bgazcc3WUzF5PJ4&hl=en&sa=X&ei=noVyU5KlHfTb7Ab004Fw&ved=0CC8Q6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=Chittening%20munitions%20factory&f=false. Retrieved 13 May 2014. 
  11. "Rotherwas Ordnance, Hereford". archaeologists.tv. http://www.archaeologists.tv/content/view/43/100/. Retrieved 13 May 2014. 


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