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RAF Newchurch
Ensign of the Royal Air Force
Tempest-V-2TAF.jpg
Ground crew refuel and re-arm Hawker Tempest Mark V 'JF-G' of No. 3 Squadron RAF at Newchurch
IATA: none – ICAO: none
Summary
Airport type Military
Owner Air Ministry
Operator Royal Air Force
Location Newchurch, Kent
Built 1943
In use 1943-1944
Elevation AMSL 3 ft 3 in ft / 1 m
Coordinates 51°03′04″N 00°55′13″E / 51.05111°N 0.92028°E / 51.05111; 0.92028Coordinates: 51°03′04″N 00°55′13″E / 51.05111°N 0.92028°E / 51.05111; 0.92028
Map
Kent UK location map
Airplane silhouette.svg
RAF Newchurch
Location in Kent
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
00/00 0 0 Asphalt
00/00 0 0 Asphalt
00/00 0 0 Asphalt

Royal Air Force Station Newchurch or RAF Newchurch was a temporary Second World War airfield at Newchurch, Kent, it was a base for a wing of Hawker Tempest fighters that defended south-east England against attack from V-1 flying bombs launched from continental Europe.

HistoryEdit

Newchurch was one of a number of Advanced Landing Grounds built in Kent during 1943. From July 1943 it became the base for three Spitfire and one Hurricane squadrons.[1] In October 1943 the squadrons moved to RAF Detling while the airfield was improved.

In April 1944 it became the base of 150 Wing comprising three squadrons of Hawker Tempests. Commanded by Wing Commander Roland Beamont the Newchurch Tempest Wing provided air cover for the Normandy landings it was then tasked with defending against attacks by V-1 flying bombs. The Wing destroyed 638 V-1s before leaving Newchurch to support the advance through Belgium and the Netherland. No longer needed in December 1944 the airfield was restored to farmland.

Royal Air Force units and aircraftEdit

Unit Dates Aircraft Variant Notes
No. 3 Squadron RAF 28 April 1944 – 21 September 1944 Hawker Tempest V [2]
No. 19 Squadron RAF 2 July 1943 – 18 August 1943 Supermarine Spitfire VB & VC [3]
No. 56 Squadron RAF 28 April 1944 – 23 September 1944 Hawker Tempest V [4]
No. 132 Squadron RAF 3 July 1943 – 12 October 1943 Supermarine Spitfire VB/IXB [5]
No. 184 Squadron RAF 17 September 1943 – 12 October 1943 Hawker Hurricane IV [6]
No. 486 Squadron RNZAF 29 April 1944 – 19 September 1944 Hawker Tempest V [7]
No. 602 Squadron RAF 13 August 1943 – 12 October 1943 Supermarine Spitfire VB [8]

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. Jefford 2001, p. 168.
  2. Jefford 2001, p. 24.
  3. Jefford 2001, p. 30.
  4. Jefford 2001, p. 43.
  5. Jefford 2001, p. 59.
  6. Jefford 2001, p. 66.
  7. Jefford 2001, p. 94.
  8. Jefford 2001, p. 98.

BibliographyEdit

  • Jefford, C.G, MBE,BA,RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.

External linksEdit


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