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RAF Old Buckenham
USAAF Station 114

Ensign of the Royal Air Force Eighth Air Force - Emblem (World War II)

Located Near Old Buckenham, Norfolk, England
Oldbuckenham-30march1946
Aerial Photo of Old Buckenham Airfield - 30 March 1946
Type Military airfield
Coordinates Latitude: 52.504
Longitude: 1.063
Location code OE
Built 1942 (1942)
In use 1943-1960 (1960)
Controlled by Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
US Army Air Corps Hap Arnold Wings United States Army Air Forces
Garrison Eighth Air Force
RAF Maintenance Command
Occupants 453rd Bombardment Group
Battles/wars European Theatre of World War II
Air Offensive, Europe July 1942 - May 1945

Royal Air Force Station Old Buckenham or more simply RAF Old Buckenham is a former Royal Air Force station located 2 miles (3.2 km) south east of Attleborough, Norfolk, England which was used during World War II by the United States for the strategic bombing campaign against Germany.

The airfield is currently in civilian use as Old Buckenham Airport. At the centre of the modern day airfield is a black granite memorial to the 366 USAAF servicemen who died serving from the base in World war 2. The airfield mainly handles General Aviation traffic. A 1941 Boeing Stearman operates from the airfield [1] and a 1943 Dunkirk veteran Piper J-3 Cub is also based at the field. The airfield has recently adopted a shield originally carved in wood by a serving USAAF officer at the base during the war as its logo [2]

HistoryEdit

USAAF useEdit

Old Buckenham airfield was built during 1942-43 for the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) Eighth Air Force. It was given designation USAAF Air Station 144.

453rd Bombardment Group (Heavy)Edit

The airfield was opened in late 1943 and was used by the 453rd Bombardment Group (Heavy), arriving from March Field, California on 23 December 1943. The 453d was assigned to the 2nd Combat Bombardment Wing, and the group tail code was a "Circle-J". Its operational squadrons were:

The group flew Consolidated B-24 Liberators as part of the Eighth Air Force's strategic bombing campaign.

The 453d BG entered combat on 5 February 1944 with an attack against an airfield at Tours. Throughout combat, the unit served chiefly as a strategic bombardment organization. Targets included a fuel depot at Dulmen, marshalling yards at Paderborn, aircraft assembly plants at Gotha, railway centres at Hamm, an ordnance depot at Glinde, oil refineries at Gelsenkirchen, chemical works at Leverkusen, an airfield at Neumünster, a canal at Minden, and a railway viaduct at Altenbeken.

The group took part in the concentrated attack against the German aircraft industry during "Big Week", 20–25 February 1944. Besides strategic operations, the group engaged in support and interdiction missions. Bombed V-weapon sites, airfields, and gun batteries in France prior to the invasion of Normandy in June 1944; on 6 June hit shore installations between Le Havre and Cherbourg and other enemy positions farther inland. Attacked enemy troops in support of the Allied breakthrough at Saint-Lô in July. Bombed German communications during the Battle of the Bulge, December 1944-January 1945. Ferried cargo on two occasions: hauled gasoline, blankets, and rations to France in September 1944; dropped ammunition, focal, and medical supplies near Wesel during the airborne assault across the Rhine in March 1945.

James "Jimmy" Stewart, the Hollywood movie star, was Group Operations Officer at Old Buckenham during the spring of 1944.

The 453d Bomb Group flew its last combat mission in April. Initially it was prepared for possible redeployment to the Pacific theatre using Boeing B-29 Superfortresses. However hostilities in Europe had ceased before the group had time to start its movement and it returned to New Castle AAFld, Delaware on 9 May 1945 to be inactivated on 12 September 1945.[3][4]

Air Ministry useEdit

In May 1945, Old Buckenham reverted to Air Ministry control and was used as a satellite for maintenance units until being closed on 20 June 1960.

Current useEdit

With the end of military control Old Buckenham has largely been converted back to agriculture with much of the concrete areas being ground into aggregate and being sold in the Norwich area. Today several original buildings and concrete pads remain at the site, the majority of which form part of Old Buckenham Airport an active 126 acre airfield site with one hard runway and two grass strips.[5] Old Buckenham Airfield has recently been sold to an aviation enthusiast, Geoffrey Lynch OBE who has pledged to keep aviation at the site.

In May 1983, during the 2nd Air Division reunion, the 453rd Bomb Group dedicated an extension to the Village Hall at Old Buckenham as a memorial to the members of the Group who lost their lives serving in the UK. The room contains various wartime artefacts and memorabilia and a large bronze plaque listing those who are remembered.

War MemorialEdit

A large black granite memorial to the 366 USAAF servicemen is at the centre of the modern day airfield.It is in the form of a tailplane from a B-24 Liberator. In October 2012 the stone was moved from its previous location into a specially created memorial garden.[6] Under new airfield management since 2011 an annual Remembrance Sunday service is held which regularly attracts over 400 participants.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

CitationsEdit

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit


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