|Part of||RAF Bomber Command|
The former Royal Air Force Station Skellingthorpe, more commonly known as RAF Skellingthorpe was a station of the Royal Air Force during the Second World War. It was located in the city of Lincoln, England. It was known as "Skelly" by the RAF personnel serving there.
Second World WarEdit
The RAF Bomber Command Station, RAF Skellingthorpe, opened in 1941 on a field previously called Black Moor, approximately 2 1⁄2 miles (4 km) south-east from the village of Skellingthorpe. The airfield consisted of the standard pattern of three runways, with one Type B1 and two Type T2 hangars. Nissen huts were used for accommodation.
No. 50 Squadron RAF, equipped with Hampdens, was the first squadron based at Skellingthorpe, with the first detachment of personnel arriving shortly before the runways were complete. They were followed by No. 455 Squadron RAAF (also flying Hampdens), however this squadron moved to RAF Wigsley shortly afterwards.
The 50 Squadron Hampdens were replaced with Avro Manchesters in April 1942, then, in June 1942, Skellingthorpe was closed for runway extensions to cope with the Squadron's conversion to new Avro Lancaster aircraft.
In November 1943 a further bomber squadron, No. 61 Squadron RAF operating Avro Lancasters, arrived at Skellingthorpe, and remained until February 1944 after which it transferred to RAF Coningsby in order for accommodation to be built on the Doddington Road side of Skellingthorpe airfield.
The 463 Squadron moved to RAF Skellingthorpe on 3 July 1945 with Lancaster Mks I and III from RAF Waddington.
During the war the tally of bombers lost or failed to return from Skellingthorpe reached 208: 15 Hampdens, six Manchesters and 187 Lancasters.
After the end of the Second World War, RAF Skellingthorpe was the base for No. 58 Maintenance Unit RAF, with salvaged crashed aircraft stored at the base. The Birchwood Estate was built on the airfield in the 1970s, and the A46 Lincoln Bypass was built on it in 1986.
Today that site is known as Birchwood. The local public house, The Black Swan, was named after the R/T call[further explanation needed] sign of the airfield.
Exhibition and museumEdit
A Heritage Room at the Community Centre in Skellingthorpe holds a public exhibition of photographs showing the history of RAF Skellingthorpe and Squadrons based there, and is part of the North Kesteven Airfield Trail.
A small public museum, part of Birchwood Community Centre in Lincoln, commemorates Nos. 50 and 61 Squadrons. Included in the museum is squadron aircraft memorabilia, photographs and records. The 50 and 61 Squadron Books of Remembrance are also held there.
- Bruce Barrymore Halpenny Action Stations: Wartime Military Airfields of Lincolnshire and the East Midlands v. 2 (ISBN 978-0850594843)
Wikimedia Commons has media related to RAF Skellingthorpe.
- "Skellingthorpe", Raf.mod.uk
- "The Wartime Memories Project - RAF Skellingthorpe", Wartimememories.co.uk
- "Where was RAF Skellingthorpe located", Dx3webs.com
- "RAF Skellingthorpe :: Memorial", Raf-lincolnshire.info
- "Birchwood Leisure Centre", Lincolnshire.gov.uk
- "Skellingthorpe Parish Council - History", Lincolnshire.gov.uk
- "Skellingthorpe Parish Council - Whats on?", Lincolnshire.gov.uk
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