USAAF Station 122
|Steeple Morden, Cambridgeshire, England|
Steeple Morden Airfield - 13 April 1947
|Type||Royal Air Force station|
|Built by||John Laing & Son Ltd.|
Royal Air Force|
United States Army Air Forces
RAF Bomber Command|
Eighth Air Force
RAF Fighter Command
3d Reconnaissance Group|
355th Fighter Group
4th Fighter Group
European Theatre of World War II|
Air Offensive, Europe July 1942 - May 1945
History[edit | edit source]
RAF Bomber Command use[edit | edit source]
Between 1940 to September 1942, Steeple Morden was a grass satellite dispersal airfield used by No. 11 Operational Training Unit of RAF Bomber Command flying Vickers Wellingtons from RAF Bassingbourn.
USAAF use[edit | edit source]
When the airfield was turned over for American use, Steeple Morden was assigned USAAF designation Station 122. Hard-surface runways were laid down, along with concrete hardstands and a permanent T-2 hangar.
3d Photographic Reconnaissance Group[edit | edit source]
Although not planned for use until 1943 Steeple Morden was first used by the United States Army Air Forces Eighth Air Force 3d Photographic Reconnaissance Group, arriving from RAF Membury on 16 October 1942. The 3d consisted of the 5th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th and 23d squadrons and only stayed at the airfield until 10 December, departing for La Senia Algeria as part of Operation Torch.
355th Fighter Group[edit | edit source]
With the departure of the photo-recon squadrons, the 355th Fighter Group, arrived from Philadelphia Municipal Airport on 9 July 1943. The group was under the command of the 65th Fighter Wing of the VIII Fighter Command. Aircraft of the group were identified by white around their cowling and tail.
The group consisted of the following squadrons:
The 355th FG flew its first combat mission, a fighter sweep over Belgium, on 14 September 1943 and afterwards served primarily as escort for Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress/Consolidated B-24 Liberator bombers that attacked industrial areas of Berlin, marshalling yards at Karlsruhe, an airfield at Neuberg, oil refineries at Misburg, synthetic oil plants at Gelsenkirchen, locks at Minden, and other objectives. The group also flew fighter sweeps, area patrols, and bombing missions, striking such targets as air parks, locomotives, bridges, radio stations, and armoured cars.
On 5 April 1944, shortly after converting from Republic P-47 Thunderbolt's to North American P-51 Mustang's, the group successfully bombed and strafed German airfields during a snow squall, a mission for which the group was awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation.
The group provided fighter cover for Allied forces landing in Normandy on 6 June 1944, and afterwards hit transportation facilities to cut enemy supply lines. Hit fuel dumps, locomotives, and other targets in support of ground forces during the breakthrough at Saint-Lô in July.
The 355th Fighter Group flew its last combat mission on 25 April 1945. On 3 July the group transferred to Gablingen, Germany for duty with United States Air Forces in Europe as part of the army of occupation. Transferred, without personnel and equipment, to Mitchel Field New York on 1 August 1946, and was inactivated on 20 November.
4th Fighter Group[edit | edit source]
The group consisted of the following squadrons:
Postwar use[edit | edit source]
With the departure of the Americans, Steeple Morden was transferred to RAF Fighter Command on 1 November 1945 and then was closed down on 1 September 1946 and abandoned. It was sold to private interests between 1960 and 1961 and was largely returned to agriculture.
Current use[edit | edit source]
With the end of military control, Steeple Morden was returned to agricultural use. The former airfield is virtually unrecognizable. A few single-width concrete farm roads, which are remnants of the perimeter track and runways are all that remains.
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
Citations[edit | edit source]
- Freeman 2001, p. 209.
- "RAF Steeple Morden airfield". Control Towers. http://www.controltowers.co.uk/S/Steeple_Morden.htm. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "Steeple Morden". Airfields of Britain Conservation Trust. http://www.abct.org.uk/airfields/steeple-morden. Retrieved 20 February 2013.
- Maurer 1980, p. 33.
- Maurer 1980, p. 34.
- Maurer 1980, p. 237.
- "355th Fighter Group". Mighty 8th Cross-Reference. http://mighty8thaf.preller.us/php/1Unit.php?Unitkey=355. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- Maurer 1980, p. 236.
- Maurer 1980, p. 36.
- "4th Fighter Group". Mighty 8th Cross-Reference. http://mighty8thaf.preller.us/php/1Unit.php?Unitkey=4. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- Freeman 2001, p. 211.
Bibliography[edit | edit source]
- Freeman, R. Airfields of the Eighth - Then and Now. After the Battle. London, UK: Battle of Britain International Ltd., 2001. ISBN 0-9009-13-09-6.
- Maurer, M. Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. USAF Historical Division. Washington D.C., USA: Zenger Publishing Co., Inc, 1980. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
[edit | edit source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to RAF Steeple Morden.|
- 355th Fighter Group Website
- Steeple Morden War Memorial
- mighty8thaf.preller.us Steeple Morden
- 355th Fighter Group on www.littlefriends.co.uk
- USAAS-USAAC-USAAF-USAF Aircraft Serial Numbers--1908 to present
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