RAF Welford Park
USAAF Station AAF-474
|Part of United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE)|
|Located near Welford, Berkshire, England|
501st Combat Support Wing
|Type||Royal Air Force Station|
|Ministry of Defence|
Royal Air Force (1943,1945–1948)|
United States Army Air Forces (1943–1945)
United States Air Force (1955—present)
|Garrison||420th Munitions Squadron|
Royal Air Force|
Eighth Air Force
United States Air Forces in Europe
European Theatre of World War II|
Air Offensive, Europe July 1942 – May 1945
RAF Welford is an active Royal Air Force station in Berkshire, England. The airfield is located approximately 6 miles (9.7 km) northwest of Newbury; about 50 miles (80 km) west-southwest of London
Opened in 1943, it was used during the Second World War by both the Royal Air Force and United States Army Air Forces. During the war it was used primarily as a transport airfield. After the war it was closed in 1946 and placed in reserve status. As a result of the Cold War, the station was reopened in 1955 as a munitions depot by the United States Air Force
Current Units[edit | edit source]
Welford is now under the command of the 420 Munitions Squadron, and comes under the command of the 501st Combat Support Wing, with headquarters at RAF Alconbury, which provides support to the Geographically Separated Units (GSU)s in the United Kingdom.
Location[edit | edit source]
RAF Welford is located in West Berkshire with a now disused dedicated access road leading to the station from the eastbound M4 motorway to the west of the A34 junction with the M4. There is no access from the westbound motorway, so traffic leaving the station for the west must first travel east to the A34 junction before heading west.
The access road from the M4 is enigmatically signposted "Works Unit Only", but has the distinctive Red Border of a Defence Establishment.
History[edit | edit source]
USAAF use[edit | edit source]
In October 1943 the airfield was allocated to Ninth Air Force IX Troop Carrier Command (TCC). While under USAAF control, Welford was known as USAAF Station AAF-474 for security reasons during the war, and by which it was referred to instead of location. Its Station-ID was "WF".
315th Troop Carrier Group[edit | edit source]
- 34th Troop Carrier Squadron (NM)
- 43d Troop Carrier Squadron (UA)
- 309th Troop Carrier Squadron (M6)
- 310th Troop Carrier Squadron (4A)
The 315th TCG was part of the 52nd Troop Carrier Wing. On 7 February 1944 the group was transferred to RAF Spanhoe.
435th Troop Carrier Group[edit | edit source]
As part of the IX Troop Carrier Command's desire to have its C-47 groups commence training with paratroops of the 101st Airborne Division deployed in the Salisbury Plain area, the squadrons of the 435th Troop Carrier Group arrived at Welford on 25 January 1944 from RAF Langar flying C-47s and C-53s. Its squadrons and fuselage codes were:
- 75th Troop Carrier Squadron (SH)
- 76th Troop Carrier Squadron (CW)
- 77th Troop Carrier Squadron (IB)
- 78th Troop Carrier Squadron (CM)
The 435th TCW was assigned to the 53rd Troop Carrier Wing. In early February 1945 the group was moved to an Advanced Landing Ground at Breigny France (A-48).
USAF use[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
Citations[edit | edit source]
- Master Sgt. Kenneth C. Burnett (9 September 2009). "An end of an era – M117 bombs depart RAF Welford". U.S. Air Force. http://www.501csw.usafe.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123166861. Retrieved 20 August 2012.
- "Fairford transition – Questions and Answers". U.S. Air Force. 6 January 2010. http://www.501csw.usafe.af.mil/units/fairford/fairfordtransition/questions.asp. Retrieved 20 August 2012. "RAF Welford has reached a steady state following a similar transformation process last year. Now aligned under the 422 ABG, its future is secure."
Bibliography[edit | edit source]
- Freeman, Roger A. (1994) UK airfields of the Ninth: then and now, London : Battle of Britain Prints International, ISBN 0-900913-80-0
- Maurer, Maurer (1983) Air Force combat units of World War II, Washington, D.C. : Office of Air Force History, ISBN 0-912799-02-1
[edit | edit source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to RAF Welford.|
- RAF Welford in photos
- A History of RAF Welford & Greenham Common
- Pilot's Eye Views of RAF Welford – Aerial photos (April 2007) on Part 4 of UK Secret Bases website
- Aerial Photo of RAF Welford from Multimap.com
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