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RG-31 Mk3A
[description]
RG-31 Charger
Type Armored fighting vehicle,
MRAP
Place of origin South Africa
Production history
Designer BAE Systems Land Systems OMC
Specifications
Weight 7.28 tonne
Length 6.40 m (21 ft)
Width 2.47 m (8.1 ft)
Height 2.63 m (8.63 ft)
Crew 2+6

Primary
armament
weapons mount
Engine Option 1: Daimler-Benz OM 352A, 6-cylinder diesel, 123 hp

Option 2: Iveco Tector F4AE0681D diesel
Option 3: Detroit Diesel
Option 4: Cummins 6.7L QSB, 6-cylinder diesel, 275 hp
[1]

Suspension 4×4-wheeled
Operational
range
900 km (559 mi)
Speed 100 km/h (62 mph)

The RG-31 Nyala is a 4×4 multi-purpose mine-protected armoured personnel carrier (APC) manufactured in South Africa by Land Systems OMC, a division of BAE Systems. It is based on the Mamba APC of TFM Industries. The RG-31 is built from a V-shaped all-steel welded armor monocoque hull and high suspension, typical of South African mine protected vehicles, providing excellent small-arms and mine blast protection.[2] The vehicle is designed to resist a blast equivalent to two TM-57 anti-tank mines detonating simultaneously.[3] The RG-31 is classified by the United States Department of Defense as a category 1 Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicle.[citation needed]

The vehicle accommodates a crew of 8 or 10, including the driver, depending on model. Dismounting is provided via a large rear door and two front doors.

The RG-31 has become the multi-purpose vehicle of choice of the UN and other peacekeeping and security forces. It is finding favour with non-governmental organisations requiring a vehicle with a non-aggressive appearance to protect their personnel against land mines.[citation needed]

Production history[edit | edit source]

Variants[edit | edit source]

Variants come in either an Armoured Personnel Carrier (APC) or utility vehicle (Cargo) configurations.[4]

  • RG-31 Mk3A - based on Mamba APC
  • RG-31 Mk5[5]
  • RG-31 Mk5E - A extended Mk5 with larger passenger/cargo capacity and superior blast and ballistic protection.
  • RG-31 Mk6E - Enhanced crew protection
  • RG-31 Charger - US Army version of the Mk3 with a Detroit Diesel engine and Mk5 with a Cummins engine
  • RG-31 Sabre - cargo version
  • RG-31M - features a military wiring harness, central tire inflation and several other new characteristics. This vehicle has a crew of 5.[2]

Operators[edit | edit source]

Spanish RG-31 Nyala prepare to depart Forward Operating Base Bernardo de Galvez for a patrol through the town of Sang Atesh.

A UN RG-31 in Iraq.

Iraqi National Police armored vehicles line up for a convoy at Joint Security Station Beladiyat.

  •  Canada:
  •  Colombia: 4× RG-31 Nyala
  •  Spain: 150× RG-31 Mk5E Nyala with Samson remote Weapon Station (+ option for 30 more) already deployed in Lebanon and Afghanistan.
  •  Mali: 5× RG-31 Nyala
  •  Nigeria: 1× RG-31 Nyala
  •  Indonesia
  •  South Africa
  •  Rwanda: 6× RG-31 Nyala
  •  Swaziland: 7× RG-31 Nyala Mk5E, currently used by the Umbutfo Swaziland Defence Force (USDF).[6]
  •  United Arab Emirates: 76× customized RG-31 Mk5
  •  United Nations
30× RG-31 Nyala

Combat history[edit | edit source]

RG-31 Nyala damaged by a mine

File:RG31IED.jpg

RG-31 blown in half by an IED.

See also[edit | edit source]

Other wheeled APCs and IFVs developed in South Africa
General

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "General Dynamics | Canada > Home". Gdlscanada.com. http://www.gdlscanada.com/pdf/RG31Mk5_specs_mod.pdf. Retrieved 2010-03-19. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "RG-31 Nyala Mine Protected Vehicle". http://www.defense-update.com/products/r/RG-31.htm. Retrieved 2011-03-01. 
  3. "Military Identifies 4 of 6 Canadian Soldiers Killed". CBC News. 2007-07-04. http://www.cbc.ca/world/story/2007/07/04/afghanistan-nato.html. Retrieved 2011-03-01. 
  4. "Basic variant specifications". http://www.gdlscanada.com/Default.aspx?tabid=206. 
  5. "GDLS RG-31 Mk5 spec sheet PDF". http://infodefensa.com/noticias/docs/RG31Mk5_specs%5B1%5D.pdf. 
  6. "Arms Trade Register". SIPRI. http://armstrade.sipri.org/armstrade/page/trade_register.php. Retrieved 22 June 2012. 
  7. "???". http://www.baesystemsomc.co.za/Default.aspx?tabid=1697&ctl=ArticleView&mid=2678&articleId=95. [dead link]
  8. "General Dynamics Awarded USD $67 Million Modification to Previously Awarded U.S. Army RG-31 Mk5 Contract". 2008-06-12. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/news/2008/06/mil-080612-general-dynamics01.htm. Retrieved 2011-03-01. 
  9. "General Dynamics News - August 8, 2007". Gd.com. 2007-08-08. http://www.gd.com/news/press_releases/2007/NewsRelease%20August%208,%202007.htm. Retrieved 2010-03-19. 
  10. "Diversity Adds Depth to MRAP". Military.com. http://www.military.com/features/0,15240,153979,00.html. Retrieved 2010-03-19. 
  11. "General Dynamics News - July 17, 2008". Gd.com. 2008-07-17. http://www.gd.com/news/press_releases/2008/NewsRelease%20July%2017,%202008-2.htm. Retrieved 2010-03-19. 
  12. "Chacón afirma que el blindado evitó un "mal mayor" en el ataque de Afganistán", La Vanguardia, 19/06/2011


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