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RPG-6 (РПГ-6)
Type Anti-tank grenade[1]
Place of origin Soviet Union
Service history
In service October 1943 –
Used by Soviet Union and Warsaw pact countries
Wars World War II
Production history
Designer M. Z. Polevikov[1]
L. B. Ioffe[1]
N. S. Zhitkikh[1]
Designed 1943[1]
Weight 1.13 kg[1]
Length 337 mm
Diameter 103 mm

Filling TNT shaped charge
Filling weight 0.6 kg[1]
Impact fuze[1]

The RPG-6 (Russian >Ruchnaya Protivotankovaya Granata, "Handheld Anti-Tank Grenade") was a Soviet-era anti-tank hand-grenade used during the late World War II and early Cold War period.

History[edit | edit source]

The RPG-6 was designed as a replacement for the RPG-43 after the Battle of Kursk.[1]

It underwent testing in September 1943, and was accepted into service in October 1943.[1] First RPG-6 grenades were used against Nazi troops in last week of October 1943.[2]

The weapon was a success and went into mass production in late 1943. During the war, RPG-6 grenades being used alongside the RPG-43.[1]

In USSR, some grenades were kept in storage even after the end of the World War II.[1]

Design[edit | edit source]

It operated on the "Munroe effect" principle, in which a metal-lined cone-shaped explosive charge would generate a focused jet of hot metal that could penetrate armor-plate.[1]

It was a conical casing enclosing a shaped charge and containing 562 grams of TNT, fitted with a percussion fuse and four cloth ribbons to provide stability in flight after throwing. It could penetrate approximately 100 millimeters of armour. The RPG-6 had a fragmentation radius of 20 metres from the point of detonation, and proved useful against infantry as well as tanks.

The RPG-43 had a large warhead, but was designed to detonate in contact with a tank's armour; it was later found that optimal performance was gained from a HEAT warhead if it exploded a short distance from the armour, roughly the same distance as the weapon's diameter. In the RPG-6 this was achieved by adding a hollow pointed nose section with the impact fuse in it, so that when the weapon detonated the warhead was at the optimum distance from the armour.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 Семен Федосеев. Против танка // журнал "Оружие", № 2, 2000. стр.59-63
  2. Оружие Победы / колл. авт., отв. ред. В. Н. Новиков. 2-е изд., пер. и доп. М., "Машиностроение", 1987. стр.427

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