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===Background===
 
===Background===
Some time after the [[Homeland Officers' Organization]], or "Al-Ahrar" ("The Free") succeeded in toppling the monarchy and [[14 July Revolution|transforming the Iraqi regime into a republic in 1958]], signs of differences between political parties and forces and the Homeland Officers' Organization began when [[Pan-Arab]] nationalist forces led by [[Abdul Salam Arif]] and the Ba'ath Party called for immediate unification with the United Arab Republic (UAR). In an attempt to create a state of political equilibrium, the Iraqi Communist Party, which opposed unity, tried to discount cooperation with the UAR in economics, culture, and science rather than political and military agreements.
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Some time after the [[Homeland Officers' Organization]], or "Al-Ahrar" ("The Free") succeeded in toppling the monarchy and [[14 July Revolution|transforming the Iraqi regime into a republic in 1958]], signs of differences between political parties and forces and the Homeland Officers' Organization began when [[Pan-Arab]] nationalist forces led by [[Abdul Salam Arif]] and the Ba'ath Party called for immediate unification with the United Arab Republic (UAR). In an attempt to create a state of political equilibrium, the [[Iraqi Communist Party]], which opposed unity, tried to discount cooperation with the UAR in economics, culture, and science rather than political and military agreements.
   
 
Gradually [[Abd al-Karim Qasim]]'s relations with some of his fellow members of Al-Ahrar worsened, and his relationship with the unionist and nationalist currents, which had played an active role in supporting the 1958 movement, became strained. As for conflicting currents in the Iraqi Communist Party, they were aspiring for a coalition with General [[Abd al-Karim Qasim|Qasim]], and had long been extending their relationship with him, since Qasim thought that some of his allies in the Communist party were coming close to leapfrogging the proposition, especially after the increasing influence of the Communist party in the use of the slogan, proclaimed by many Communists and government supporters during marches: "Long live leader Abd al-Karim and the Communist Party in governing great demand!"<ref>Monsour, Ahmed and Aaraf Abd Alrazaq. 2002. Interview. "Witnessing the Age." Al-Jazeera Television.</ref> This made him from that time begin to minimize the Communist movement, which was poised to overthrow the regime. He ordered the party to be disarmed and most of the party leaders to be arrested. However, the party retained Air Commander Celalettin Alaoqati and Lt. Col. Fadhil Abbas Mahdawi, Qasim's cousin.
 
Gradually [[Abd al-Karim Qasim]]'s relations with some of his fellow members of Al-Ahrar worsened, and his relationship with the unionist and nationalist currents, which had played an active role in supporting the 1958 movement, became strained. As for conflicting currents in the Iraqi Communist Party, they were aspiring for a coalition with General [[Abd al-Karim Qasim|Qasim]], and had long been extending their relationship with him, since Qasim thought that some of his allies in the Communist party were coming close to leapfrogging the proposition, especially after the increasing influence of the Communist party in the use of the slogan, proclaimed by many Communists and government supporters during marches: "Long live leader Abd al-Karim and the Communist Party in governing great demand!"<ref>Monsour, Ahmed and Aaraf Abd Alrazaq. 2002. Interview. "Witnessing the Age." Al-Jazeera Television.</ref> This made him from that time begin to minimize the Communist movement, which was poised to overthrow the regime. He ordered the party to be disarmed and most of the party leaders to be arrested. However, the party retained Air Commander Celalettin Alaoqati and Lt. Col. Fadhil Abbas Mahdawi, Qasim's cousin.

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