|Rand Light Infantry|
|Branch||South African Army|
|Motto(s)||Vincit qui patitur" (He conquers who endures)|
South-West Africa 1914 - 1915
The Rand Light Infantry (RLI) is an infantry regiment of the South African Army. As a reserve unit, it has a status roughly equivalent to that of a British Territorial Army or United States Army National Guard unit.
History[edit | edit source]
The history of this Regiment dates back to the Transvaal Cycle Corps, which was formed in Johannesburg on 1 October 1905 from the Bicycle Section of the Transvaal Scottish Regiment. A small section of this unit subsequently took part in the suppression of the Bambata Rebellion in Zululand.
After its return from this conflict the unit recognised the possibilities of mechanisation and members of the Regiment manufactured three armoured cars, creating a motorised fighting unit. This led to the renaming of the unit in 1909 to the Transvaal Cycle and Motor Corps.
On 1 July 1913 the Regiment was renamed the 11th Infantry (Rand Light Infantry) and transferred to the Active Citizen Force of the Union Defence Force. Simultaneously, the unit was converted to a normal infantry regiment. The Regiment's Pretoria detachment was transferred to the 12th Infantry (Pretoria Regiment).
During World War I the Regiment took part in the South-West Africa, suffering light casualties - only two dead and eleven wounded.
In 1932 the Regiment was renamed the Rand Light Infantry.
The RLI was mobilized for World War II in June 1940 and gained fame in North Africa where it took part in many front line engagements and earned battle honours at Bardia, Gazala and El Alamein. (See 1st SA Infantry Division) After the defeat of Rommel’s Afrika Korps, the RLI returned to South Africa and was merged with the Duke of Edinburgh’s Own Rifles. The remaining members of the Regiment were trained in armour, and sent as reinforcements to the South African 6th Armoured Division in Italy.
Regimental Symbols[edit | edit source]
- Regimental motto: "Vincit qui patitur" (He conquers who endures).
- The RLI were allied to the Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry in 1932. This alliance later fell into abeyance but was resurrected in April 1995, when the Regiment became allied with The Light Infantry Regiment.
- Regimental March: One and All and Trelawney.
- Regimental slow march: Duke of York and Preobajensky March.
- Regimental double march: Keel Row.
Alliances[edit | edit source]
- United Kingdom - The Rifles
Battle honours[edit | edit source]
- South-West Africa 1914 - 1915
- Western Desert 1941 - 1943
- El Alamein
- Alamein Defence
References[edit | edit source]
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