|68th United States Attorney General|
June 12, 1972 – April 30, 1973
|Preceded by||John Mitchell|
|Succeeded by||Elliot Richardson|
|10th United States Deputy Attorney General|
January 20, 1969 – June 12, 1972
|Preceded by||Warren Christopher|
|Succeeded by||Ralph Erickson|
|Born||Richard Gordon Kleindienst|
August 5, 1923
Winslow, Arizona, U.S.
|Died||February 3, 2000 (aged 76)|
Prescott, Arizona, U.S.
|Alma mater||Harvard University (A.B., J.D.)|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1943–1946|
|Unit||United States Army Air Corps|
Richard Gordon Kleindienst (August 5, 1923 – February 3, 2000) was an American lawyer, politician, and a U.S. Attorney General during the Watergate political scandal.
Early life and career[edit | edit source]
He was born August 5, 1923, in Winslow, Arizona, the son of Gladys (Love) and Alfred R. Kleindienst. He served in the United States Army Air Corps from 1943 to 1946, and attended Harvard College and Harvard Law School, graduating from the latter in 1950.
From 1953 to 1954, he served in the Arizona House of Representatives; he followed that with some 15 years of private legal practice. He concurrently was Arizona Republican Party chairman from 1956 to 1960 and 1961 to 1963, and in 1964, the Republican candidate for Governor of Arizona, losing the general election to Sam Goddard, 53%-47%.
Nixon administration[edit | edit source]
He suspended his private practice in 1969 to accept the post of Deputy Attorney General of the United States. This gave him responsibilities relating to the government's suit against ITT. Nixon and his aide John Ehrlichman told him to drop the case; this created a presumption that they were violating their obligations under legal ethics, and that, as an attorney himself, Kleindienst was obligated to report these ethical lapses to the state bars in the jurisdictions involved. In his official role he also repeatedly told Congress no one had interfered with his department's handling of the case.
Unknown to Kleindienst, leaders of the Committee to Re-Elect the President (CREEP) had tasked Gordon Liddy with arranging various covert operations, one of which was to be a burglary of a Democratic headquarters in Washington, DC. Before dawn on a Saturday, five days after Kleindienst's nomination, James McCord and four other burglars operating on Liddy's instructions were arrested at Watergate complex. Later in the morning Kleindienst was officially notified of the arrests. Liddy, after a phone consultation about the arrests with CREEP Deputy Director Jeb Magruder (who had managed CREEP up until March of that year, and had the most direct organizational authority over Liddy's activities), personally approached Kleindienst the same day at a private golf club in Bethesda, Maryland. Liddy told him that the break-in had originated within CREEP, and that Kleindienst should arrange the release of the burglars, to reduce the risk of exposure of CREEP's involvement. But Kleindienst refused and ordered that the Watergate burglary investigation proceed like any other case.
He returned to private practice. In 1974, he pleaded guilty to failing to testify fully to the Senate in a pre-Watergate investigation, involving alleged favoritism shown to International Telephone & Telegraph Corp, during his testimony in his Senate confirmation hearings.
Later life[edit | edit source]
In 1982, Kleindienst was accused of having perjured himself to the Arizona Bar regarding how much he knew about a white-collar criminal he represented. He was cleared of all criminal charges brought against him.
He died at the age of 76, of lung cancer, on February 3, 2000.
Bibliography[edit | edit source]
- Kleindienst, Richard (1985). Justice: The Memoirs of Attorney General Richard Kleindienst. Ottawa, Illinois: Jameson Books. ISBN 0-915463-15-6.
- For Kleindienst's limited role in Watergate, see Leon Jaworski, The Right and the Power, and Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, All the President's Men.
References[edit | edit source]
- Keene, Ann T. (January 2001). "Kleindienst, Richard G.". Oxford University Press. http://anb.org/articles/07/07-00730.html.
- "Richard G. Kleindienst (1972–1973)" (in en-US). Miller Center. https://millercenter.org/president/nixon/essays/kleindienst-1972-attorney-general.
- "Attorney General: Richard Gordon Kleindienst | AG | Department of Justice" (in en). https://www.justice.gov/ag/bio/kleindienst-richard-gordon.
- "Context of '1969: ITT Negotiates with Nixon Aides to Avoid Antitrust Lawsuit'". http://www.historycommons.org/context.jsp?item=a1969ittlawsuit#a1969ittlawsuit.
- "Richard Gordon Kleindienst - Arizona Obituary Directory". http://obits.arizonagravestones.org/view.php?id=53813.
- JACKSON, ROBERT L. (4 February 2000). "Richard Kleindienst, Attorney General in Nixon Cabinet, Dies". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2000/feb/04/news/mn-61045.
- "American National Biography Online: Kleindienst, Richard G.". http://www.anb.org/articles/07/07-00730.html.
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|Party political offices|
|Republican nominee for
Governor of Arizona
|United States Deputy Attorney General
|United States Attorney General
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