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Robert Alexander Reid
Born (1842-01-22)January 22, 1842
Died April 25, 1929(1929-04-25) (aged 87)
Place of birth Raploch, Stirling, Scotland
Buried at Pottsville, Pennsylvania
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Army
Rank Private
Unit 48th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment
Battles/wars American Civil War
 • Second Battle of Petersburg
Awards Medal of Honor

Robert Alexander Reid (January 22, 1842 – April 25, 1929) was a Union Army soldier in the American Civil War who received the U.S. military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his actions at the Second Battle of Petersburg.

Born on January 22, 1842, in the Raploch district of Stirling, Scotland, Reid joined the Army from Pottsville, Pennsylvania. He served during the Civil War as a private in Company G of the 48th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment.[1][2]

At the Second Battle of Petersburg on June 17, 1864, Reid's division, under Brigadier General Robert Brown Potter, launched a stealthy pre-dawn attack on a Confederate-held farmhouse known as the Shand House. The Confederates were caught totally by surprise and were either captured or fled from their positions. Reid himself captured a dozen men and then took the battle flag of the 44th Tennessee Infantry Regiment.[3] For this action, he was awarded the Medal of Honor five months later on December 1, 1864. One of his fellow soldiers from the 48th Pennsylvania, Corporal Patrick Monaghan, also received the Medal of Honor for his part in the same attack.[1][2]

Reid's official Medal of Honor citation reads:

Capture of flag of 44th Tennessee Infantry (C.S.A.).[2]

Reid died on April 25, 1929, at age 87 and was buried in Pottsville, Pennsylvania.[1]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Robert Alexander Reid". Military Times. http://valor.militarytimes.com/recipient.php?recipientid=2721. Retrieved March 20, 2016. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Medal of Honor Recipients: Civil War (M–R)". United States Army Center of Military History. August 13, 2013. http://www.history.army.mil/moh/civilwar_mr.html#REID. Retrieved March 20, 2016. 
  3. Corrigan, Jim (April 25, 2012). The 48th Pennsylvania in the Battle of the Crater. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. pp. 30–31. ISBN 978-0786469109. 

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