|HiMAT in flight|
|Role||Experimental remotely piloted aircraft|
|National origin||United States|
|First flight||July 27, 1979|
The Rockwell RPRV-870 HiMAT (Highly Maneuverable Aircraft Technology) is an experimental remotely piloted aircraft that was produced for a NASA program to develop technologies for future fighter aircraft. Among the technologies explored were close-coupled canards, fully digital flight control (including propulsion), composite materials (graphite and fiberglass), remote piloting, synthetic vision systems, winglets, and others.
Two aircraft were produced by Rockwell International. Their first flights took place in 1979, and testing was completed in 1983.
Design and development
The HiMATs were remotely piloted, as the design team decided that it would be cheaper and safer to not risk a pilot's life during the experiments. This also meant that no ejection seat would have to be fitted. The aircraft was flown by a pilot in a remote cockpit, and control signals up-linked from the flight controls in the remote cockpit on the ground to the aircraft, and aircraft telemetry downlinked to the remote cockpit displays. The remote cockpit could be configured with either nose camera video or with a 3D synthetic vision display called a "visual display". The aircraft were launched from a B-52 Stratofortress at altitude. There was also a TF-104G Starfighter chase plane with a set of backup controls which could take control of the HiMAT in the event that the remote pilot on the ground lost control.
Advances in digital flight control gained during the project contributed to the Grumman X-29 experimental aircraft, and composite construction are used widely on both commercial and military aircraft.
Aircraft on display
The two HiMAT aircraft are now on display, one at the National Air and Space Museum and the other at the Armstrong Flight Research Center.
- Crew: None
- Length: 22.5 ft (6.86 m)
- Wingspan: 15.6 ft (4.75 m)
- Height: 4.3 ft (1.31 m)
- Empty weight: 3,370 lb (1,529 kg)
- Loaded weight: 4,030 lb (1,828 kg)
- Powerplant: 1 × General Electric J85-21 turbojet
- Maximum speed: Mach 1.6 (1,960 km/h; 1,218 mph)
- Sarrafian, Shahan K. (August 1984). Simulator Evaluation of a Remotely Piloted Vehicle Lateral Landing Task Using a Visual Display. NASA. OCLC 11977763. Technical memorandum 85903; Accession number N84-29885. https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19840021816.
- Gibbs, Yvonne, ed (February 28, 2014). "NASA Armstrong Fact Sheet: Highly Maneuverable Aircraft Technology". NASA. FS-025-DFRC. http://www.nasa.gov/centers/armstrong/news/FactSheets/FS-025-DFRC.html. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
- Smith, Yvette, ed (April 1, 2009). "April Fool! Look What's in Kevin Petersen's Parking Space!". NASA. http://www.nasa.gov/topics/people/features/april1.html. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
- "HiMAT Research Vehicle: Historical Snapshot". Boeing. http://www.boeing.com/history/products/himat-research-vehicle.page. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
- Simonsen, Erik (May 2007). "Turning time ahead". pp. 8–9. http://www.boeing.com/news/frontiers/archive/2007/may/i_history.pdf.
- Kempel, Robert W.; Earls, Michael R. (1988). Flight Control Systems Development and Flight Test Experience with the HiMAT Research Vehicles. NASA. OCLC 22037291. Technical paper 2822; Accession number N89-15929. https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19890006558.
- Duke, Eugene L.; Jones, Frank P.; Roncoli, Ralph B. (1986). Development and Flight Test of an Experimental Maneuver Autopilot for a Highly Maneuverable Aircraft. NASA. OCLC 21916352. Technical report 2618; Accession number N88-21153. https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19880011769.
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- HiMAT Research Vehicle at Boeing.com
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