Ronnie Bunting (1947 or 1948-15 October 1980) was an Irish republican and socialist activist in Ireland. He became a member of the Official IRA in the early 1970s and was a founder member of the Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) in 1974. He became leader of the INLA in 1978 and was assassinated in 1980.
Background[edit | edit source]
Bunting came from a Protestant family in east Belfast. His father, Ronald Bunting, had been a major in the British Army and Ronnie grew up in various military barracks around the world. Unlike his son, his father became a supporter and associate of Ian Paisley and ran for election under the Protestant Unionist Party banner. Having completed his education and graduating from Queen's, Ronnie Bunting briefly became a teacher of history in Belfast, but later become involved in the Civil Rights movement and then with republican organisations. Unlike most Protestants in Northern Ireland, Bunting became a militant Irish republican. His father, by contrast, was a committed loyalist, who organised armed stewards for demonstrations called by Ian Paisley - most famously at Burntollet, when his followers attacked a civil rights march of the People's Democracy on 4 January 1969.
Membership of the Official IRA[edit | edit source]
Bunting joined the Official Irish Republican Army (OIRA) in around 1970 - being attracted to their left-wing and secular interpretation of Irish republicanism and believing in the necessity of armed revolution to overthrow British occupation of the North of Ireland. The other wing of the IRA - the Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) - was seen by some to be more Catholic and nationalist in its outlook. At this time, the communal conflict known as the Troubles was beginning and the Official IRA were involved in shootings and bombings. Bunting was interned in 1971 and held in Long Kesh. He was described as the first non-Catholic to be interned having been interned from November 1971 to April 1972.
Membership of the INLA[edit | edit source]
In 1974, Bunting followed Seamus Costello and other militants, who disagreed with the OIRA's ceasefire of 1972 into a new grouping, the Irish National Liberation Army (INLA). Immediately, a violent feud broke out between the OIRA and the INLA that simmered until 1977. Seamus Costello was killed in this year by an OIRA gunman in Dublin. Bunting was hit in the neck by a rifle bullet while driving in Belfast. It is not clear whether the bullet was fired by the British Army, loyalists or rival republicans. In any case, Bunting and his family hid in Wales until 1978, when he returned to Belfast.
For the remaining two years of his life, Bunting was the military leader of the INLA. The grouping regularly attacked the British Army and RUC in Belfast. Bunting called in claims of responsibility to the media by the code name "Captain Green". The INLA's most notorious activity around this time was the assassination of Airey Neave.
Death[edit | edit source]
On 15 October 1980, several gunmen entered Bunting's home in the Downfine Gardens area of Andersonstown, shooting Bunting, his wife Suzanne and another INLA man, Noel Lyttle. Suzanne Bunting survived, but the two men were killed. The attack was claimed by the Ulster Defence Association (UDA) but the INLA claimed that the SAS were involved.
Upon his death Bunting's body was kept in a funeral parlour on the Newtownards opposite the headquarters of the UDA.On the day of the funeral as the coffin was being removed UDA members jeered from their building.The IRSP had wanted a republican funeral for Bunting but his father refused and had Bunting buried in the family plot of a Church of Ireland cemetery near Donaghadee.
References[edit | edit source]
- McKinstry et al Lost Lives pg 841
- McKinstry et al Lost Lives pg 840
- Henry McDonald & Jackie Holland INLA Deadly Divisions
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