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Royal Australian Air Force Nursing Service
Active 1940–1946
Country Australia
Branch Royal Australian Air Force
Role Nursing services
Size 616 (December 1945)
Engagements World War II
Korean War
Malayan Emergency
Vietnam War
Margaret Irene Lang, OBE (1940–1946)[1]

The Royal Australian Air Force Nursing Service (RAAFNS) was a branch of the Royal Australian Air Force, which existed from 1940 to 1946, and from 1948 to 1977. Members served in World War II, the Korean War, the Malayan Emergency, and the Vietnam War.[2]

History[edit | edit source]

Foundation[edit | edit source]

The RAAFNS was founded in July 1940 at the suggestion of Air Vice-Marshal Victor Hurley, the Director-General of Medical Services. Margaret Irene Lang, who had served with the Australian Army Nursing Service during World War I and was then serving as matron of the Victoria Police Hospital, was appointed its first Matron-in-Chief.[3] By December 1940 it had only 45 members, but this had increased to 616 by December 1945.[2]

The RAAFNS was not a part of the Women's Auxiliary Australian Air Force (which was not established until March 1941), but a branch of the RAAF itself. All members held commissioned rank, and wore RAAF badges of rank along with the RAAF medical badge on their tunic lapels and capes, but did not use Air Force rank titles.[3]

World War II[edit | edit source]

Four RAAFNS nurses at Darwin in December 1943

Most RAAFNS nurses served in clearing stations, base hospitals, station sick quarters, and rehabilitation centres in Australia, but all were obligated to serve overseas if required (unlike members of the Australian Army Nursing Service, who could choose to serve overseas or not). From November 1942, shortly after the close of the Kokoda Track campaign, RAAFNS personnel set up a medical receiving station in Port Moresby, New Guinea, and were present during the Battle of Port Moresby. Others sailed on troop convoys, accompanying contingents of airmen to Great Britain, Canada or South Africa.[3] Between November 1942 and November 1943 No. 1 Medical Receiving Station RAAF at Coomalie Creek, south of Darwin, was bombed by the Japanese on several occasions.[4] In 1944 No. 1 Medical Air Evacuation Transport Unit was created staffed by flight nurses of the RAAFNS.[3] After the surrender of Japan in August 1945, RAAFNS personnel took part in the care of returning prisoners of war,[2] until it was finally disbanded in November 1946.[1]

Korean War[edit | edit source]

In 1948 the RAAFNS was reformed as a peace-time service.[2] During the Korean War members of the RAAFNS served at the British Commonwealth Mobile Surgical Hospital in Seoul, and the Medical Air Evacuation Unit flew patients to Iwakuni from where they were taken by hospital train to the British Commonwealth General Hospital in Kure. Between 1950 to 1953, 12,762 Commonwealth casualties took this route. RAAFNS members also accompanied 728 patients on flights from Japan to Australia via Guam, Manila, or Port Moresby. All members of the RAAFNS in Korea were trained civilian nurses who enlisted for four years, but served only a one-year tour of duty in Korea or Japan. The last nurses returned home in 1956.[5]

Vietnam[edit | edit source]

During the Vietnam War the RAAFNS operated medical evacuation flights from Vietnam to Australia.[6] The first flight took place in June 1965. Casualties were flown from Vũng Tàu, Biên Hòa or Saigon to the hospital at RAAF Butterworth in Penang, and from there via the Cocos Islands, to RAAF Pearce in Western Australia, then to RAAF Richmond in New South Wales.[7]

The end[edit | edit source]

In 1977 the Royal Australian Air Force Nursing Service ceased to exist as an independent branch when it was integrated into the Royal Australian Air Force.[8]

Ranks of the RAAFNS[edit | edit source]

All RAAFNS recruits were commissioned on entry with the rank of flying officer,[9] though they had their own rank structure.[10][11]

Rank RAAF equivalent
Matron-in-Chief Group Captain
Principal Matron Wing Commander
Matron Squadron Leader
Senior Sister Flight Lieutenant
Sister Flying Officer

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Hine, Margaret (2014). "Lang, Margaret Irene (1893–1983)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/lang-margaret-irene-14110. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Royal Australian Air Force Nursing Service (RAAFNS)". The Australian Women's Register. 2014. http://www.womenaustralia.info/biogs/AWE0573b.htm. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "R.A.A.F. Nursing Service's Fourth Birthday". Launceston, Tasmania. 28 July 1944. http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/91405920. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  4. Dunn, Peter (2006). "1 Medical Receiving Station RAAF". Australia during WW2. http://www.ozatwar.com/raaf/1mrs.htm. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  5. "Australian nurses : The Support Base in Japan". Australia's involvement in the Korean War. 2014. http://korean-war.commemoration.gov.au/support-base-in-japan/australian-nurses-in-korea.php. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  6. Ross, Barry (2012). "Australian Forces in South Vietnam: Order of Battle". Vietnam Veterans Association of Australia. http://www.vvaa.org.au/oob.htm. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  7. Doust, Jan (1 April 2010). "First RAAF nurse to fly into Vietnam war zone". Melbourne. http://www.theage.com.au/national/first-raaf-nurse-to-fly-into-vietnam-war-zone-20100331-rewi.html. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  8. "All in - leaving home". Australia's War 1939–1945. 2008. http://www.ww2australia.gov.au/allin/leavinghome.html. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  9. "Second World War nurses". Australian War Memorial. 2014. http://www.awm.gov.au/exhibitions/nurses/ww2/. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  10. "Glossary of Ranks". World War Two Nominal Roll. 2014. http://www.ww2roll.gov.au/Glossary.aspx#raaf. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  11. "Defence Forces Retirement Benefits (Pension Increases) Act 1961 - Section 13". Australasian Legal Information Institute. 2013. http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/cth/consol_act/dfrbia1961474/s13.html. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 

Further reading[edit | edit source]

  • Halstead, Gay (1994). Story of the RAAF Nursing Service : 1940–1990. Metung, Victoria: Nungurner Press. ISBN 0959340122. 

External links[edit | edit source]

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