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7th Regiment of Foot
Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment)
Cap badge of the Royal Fusiliers
Active 1685–1968
Country  Kingdom of England (1685–1707)
 Kingdom of Great Britain (1707–1800)
 United Kingdom (1801–1968)
Branch  British Army
Type Infantry
Role Line infantry

1–4 Regular battalions
Up to 3 Militia and Special Reserve battalions
Up to 4 Territorial and Volunteer battalions

Up to 36 Hostilities-only battalions
Garrison/HQ Tower of London
Nickname(s) The Elegant Extracts
Motto(s) Honi soit qui mal y pense
March The Seventh Royal Fusiliers

The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in continuous existence for 283 years. It was known as the 7th Regiment of Foot until the Childers Reforms of 1881.[1]

The regiment served in many wars and conflicts throughout its long existence, including the Second Boer War, the First World War and the Second World War. In 1968, the regiment was amalgamated with the other regiments of the Fusilier Brigade – the Royal Northumberland Fusiliers, the Royal Warwickshire Fusiliers and the Lancashire Fusiliers – to form a new large regiment, the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers.

The Royal Fusiliers War Memorial, a monument dedicated to the almost 22,000 Royal Fusiliers who died during the First World War, stands on Holborn in the City of London.

History[edit | edit source]

George Legge, 1st Baron Dartmouth, founder of the regiment

Formation[edit | edit source]

It was formed as a fusilier regiment in 1685 by George Legge, 1st Baron Dartmouth, from two companies of the Tower of London guard, and was originally called the Ordnance Regiment. Most regiments were equipped with matchlock muskets at the time, but the Ordnance Regiment were armed with flintlock fusils. This was because their task was to be an escort for the artillery, for which matchlocks would have carried the risk of igniting the open-topped barrels of gunpowder.[2] The regiment went to Holland in February 1689 for service in the Nine Years' War and fought at the Battle of Walcourt in August 1689[3] before returning home in 1690.[4] It embarked for Flanders later that year and fought at the Battle of Steenkerque in August 1692[5] and the Battle of Landen in July 1693[6] and the Siege of Namur in summer 1695 before returning home.[7]

The regiment took part in an expedition which captured the town of Rota in Spain in spring 1702[8] and then saw action at the Battle of Vigo Bay in October 1702 during the War of the Spanish Succession.[9] The regiment became the 7th Regiment of Foot (Royal Fusiliers) in 1751, although a variety of spellings of the word "fusilier" persisted until the 1780s, when the modern spelling was formalised.[10]

American War of Independence[edit | edit source]

The Royal Fusiliers were sent to Canada in April 1773.[11] The regiment was broken up into detachments that served at Montreal, Quebec, Fort Chambly and Fort St Johns (Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu). In the face of the American invasion of Canada in 1775/76, most of the regiment was forced to surrender. The 80 man garrison of Fort Chambly attempted to resist a 400-man Rebel force but ultimately had to surrender. This is where the regiment lost its first set of colours. A 70-man detachment under the command of Captain Humphrey Owens assisted with the Battle of Quebec in December 1775.[12]

The men taken prisoner during the defence of Canada were exchanged in British held New York City in December 1776. Here, the regiment was rebuilt and garrisoned New York and New Jersey. In October 1777, the 7th participated in the successful assaults on Fort Clinton and Fort Montgomery and the destruction of enemy stores at Continental Village. In late November, 1777 the regiment reinforced the garrison of Philadelphia. During the British evacuation back to New York City, the regiment participated in the Battle of Monmouth in June 1778.[13] The 7th participated in Tryon's raid in July 1779.[14]

In April 1780, the Royal Fusiliers took part in the capture of Charleston.[15] Once Charleston fell, the regiment helped garrison the city.[2] Three companies were sent to Ninety-Six to assist with the training of Loyalist militia companies. An 80-man detachment also sent to Camden, South Carolina to help build that town's defences. The detachments were recalled to Charleston for refitting in late August 1780. They were then mounted and sent to join Charles Cornwallis's Army as it advanced towards Charlotte, North Carolina in early September 1780. The 7th, mounted on horses, along with two regiments of Loyalist militia, cleared the region north of Georgetown, South Carolina of partisans while en route. The Royal Fusiliers turned the horses over to Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton's British Legion upon uniting with Cornwallis in late September and then served as the Army's rearguard.[16]

Between October 1780 and early January 1781, the regiment, having lost about one third of its officers and men to sickness and disease, protected the communication and supply lines between Camden and Winnsboro, South Carolina. On 7 January 7, 1781, a contingent of 171 men from the Royal Fusiliers was detached from Cornwallis's Army and fought under the command of Tarleton at the Battle of Cowpens in January 1781.[17] The Royal Fusiliers was in the first line during the battle: Tarleton was defeated and the regiment's colours were lost in the heat of the battle.[18] A 19-man detachment from the regiment fought through North Carolina participating in the Battle of Guilford Court House in March 1781 and ultimately the Siege of Yorktown, where it served with the regiment's Light Infantry Company.[19] There was another detachment, which remained in the South under the command of Lt Col. Alured Clarke: these men remained in garrison in Charleston, until they were transferred to Savannah, Georgia in December 1781.[20] The regiment returned to England in 1783.[21]

Napoleonic Wars[edit | edit source]

Lieutenant Colonel Walter Lacy Yea, Commanding Officer of the Royal Fusiliers, receives a signal from his adjutant, Lieutenant J. St. Clair Hobson, Royal Fusiliers, both killed at Sevastopol 18 June 1855

The regiment embarked for Holland and saw action at the Battle of Copenhagen in August 1807 during the Gunboat War.[22] It was then sent to the West Indies and took part in the capture of Martinique in 1809.[23] It embarked for Portugal later that year for service in the Peninsula War and fought at the Battle of Talavera in July 1809,[24] the Battle of Bussaco in September 1810.[25] and the Battle of Albuera in May 1811.[26][27]

The regiment then took part in the Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo in January 1812,[28] the Siege of Badajoz in spring 1812[29] and the Battle of Salamanca in July 1812[30] as well as the Battle of Vitoria in June 1813.[31] It then pursued the French Army into France and fought at the Battle of the Pyrenees in July 1813,[32] the Battle of Orthez in February 1814[33] and the Battle of Toulouse in April 1814.[34] It returned to England later that year[35] before embarking for Canada and seeing action at the capture of Fort Bowyer in February 1815 during the War of 1812.[36]

The Victorian era[edit | edit source]

The regiment embarked for Scutari for service in the Crimean War in April 1854 and saw action at the Battle of Alma in September 1854, the Battle of Inkerman in November 1854 and the Siege of Sebastopol in winter 1854.[2] The 1st battalion embarked for India in 1858 and took part in the Ambela Campaign in 1863.[2] Meanwhile, the 2nd battalion was deployed to Upper Canada in October 1866 and helped suppress the Fenian raids and then deployed to India and saw action at the Battle of Kandahar in September 1880 during the Second Anglo-Afghan War.[2]

The regiment was not fundamentally affected by the Cardwell Reforms of the 1870s, which gave it a depot at Hounslow Barracks from 1873, or by the Childers reforms of 1881 – as it already possessed two battalions, there was no need for it to amalgamate with another regiment.[37] Under the reforms, the regiment became The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) on 1 July 1881[38][39] and soon afterwards was assigned its own 1st and 2nd Volunteer Battalions (formerly 10th and 23rd Middlesex Rifle Volunteer Corps respectively). The regiment's 2nd regular battalion took part in the Second Boer War from 1899 to 1902.[40] A 4th regular battalion was formed in February 1900,[41] and received colours from the Prince of Wales (Colonel-in-Chief of the regiment) in July 1902.[42]

In 1908, the Volunteers and Militia were reorganised nationally, with the former becoming the Territorial Force and the latter the Special Reserve[43] - both the Royal Fusiliers' volunteer battalions were assigned to the new London Regiment, leaving the Fusiliers with three Reserve battalions but no Terriorial battalions.[44][45]

First World War[edit | edit source]

22 August 1914: Men of "A" Company of the 4th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment), resting in the town square at Mons.

The Royal Fusiliers served with distinction in the First World War:[46]

Regular Army[edit | edit source]

The 1st Battalion landed at Saint-Nazaire as part of the 17th Brigade in the 6th Division in September 1914 for service on the Western Front;[47] major engagements involving the battalion included the Battle of the Somme in autumn 1916 and the Battle of Passchendaele in autumn 1917.[48]

The 2nd Battalion landed at Gallipoli as part of the 86th Brigade in the 29th Division in April 1915; after being evacuated in December 1915, it moved to Egypt in March 1916 and then landed in Marseille in March 1916 for service on the Western Front;[47] major engagements involving the battalion included the Battle of the Somme in autumn 1916 and the Battle of Arras in spring 1917.[48]

The 3rd Battalion landed at Le Havre as part of the 85th Brigade in the 28th Division in January 1915; major engagements involving the battalion included the Second Battle of Ypres in April 1915 and the Battle of Loos in September 1915.[48] The battalion moved to Egypt in October 1915 and then to Salonika in July 1918.[47]

The 4th Battalion landed at Le Havre as part of the 9th Brigade in the 3rd Division in August 1914 for service on the Western Front;[47] major engagements involving the battalion included the Battle of Mons and the Battle of Le Cateau in August 1914, the First Battle of the Marne and the First Battle of the Aisne in September 1914 and the Battle of La Bassée, the Battle of Messines and the First Battle of Ypres in October 1914.[48] Members of the Battalion won the first two Victoria Crosses of the war near Mons in August 1914 (Lieutenant Maurice Dease[49] and Private Sidney Godley).[50]

New Armies[edit | edit source]

File:Royal Fusiliers in London.jpg

The Royal Fusiliers marching through the City of London in 1916

Men of the 10th (Service) Battalion, Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) marching to the trenches, St Pol (Saint-Pol-sur-Ternoise), France, November 1916.

The 8th and 9th (Service) Battalions landed in France; they both saw action on the Western Front as part of the 36th Brigade of the 12th (Eastern) Division.[47] The 10th (Service) Battalion, better known as the Stock Exchange Battalion, was formed in August 1914 when 1,600 members of the London Stock Exchange and others from the area joined up: 742 were killed or missing in action on the Western Front.[51] The battalion was originally part of the 54th Brigade of the 18th (Eastern) Division, transferring to the 111th Brigade, 37th Division.[52] The 11th, 12th, 13th and 17th (Service) Battalions landed in France; all four battalions saw action on the Western Front: the 11th Battalion being part of the 54th Brigade, 18th (Eastern) Division, the 12th with the 73rd Brigade, later the 17th Brigade, 24th Division, the 13th with the 111th Brigade, 37th Division and the 17th with the 99th Brigade, 33rd Division, later transferring to the 5th and 6th Brigades of the 2nd Division.[47] The 18th through 21st (Service) Battalions of the regiment were recruited from public schools; all four battalions saw action on the Western Front, all originally serving with the 98th Brigade in the 33rd Division, the 18th and 20th Battalions transferring to the 19th Brigade in the same division.[47] The 22nd (Service) Battalion, which was recruited from the citizens of Kensington, also landed in France and saw action on the Western Front.[47] The 23rd and 24th (Service) Battalion, better known as the Sportsmen's Battalions, also landed in France and saw action on the Western Front:[47] they were among the Pals battalions and were both part of the 99th Brigade of the 33rd Division, later transferring to command of the 2nd Division, with the 24th Battalion joining the 5th Brigade in the same division.[53] The 25th (Frontiersmen) Battalion, Royal Fusiliers, formed in February 1915, served in East Africa.[47] The 26th (Service) Battalion was recruited from the banking community; it saw action on the Western Front as part of the 124th Brigade of the 41st Division.[47] The 32nd (Service) Battalion, which was recruited from the citizens of East Ham, also landed in France and saw action on the Western Front as part of the 124th Brigade of the 41st Division.[47] The 38th through 42nd Battalions of the regiment served as the Jewish Legion[54] in Palestine; many of its members went on to be part of the founding of the State of Israel in 1948.[47]

The Royal Fusiliers War Memorial, stands on High Holborn, near Chancery Lane tube station, surmounted by the lifesize statue of a First World War soldier, and its regimental chapel is at St Sepulchre-without-Newgate.[55]

Second World War[edit | edit source]

For most of the Second World War, the 1st Battalion was part of the 17th Indian Infantry Brigade, 8th Indian Infantry Division. It served with them in the Italian Campaign.[56]

Infantrymen of the 1st Battalion, Royal Fusiliers reconstruct a street-fighting scene in a street in Caldari, Italy, 17 December 1943.

The 2nd Battalion was attached to the 12th Infantry Brigade, 4th Infantry Division and was sent to France in 1939 after the outbreak of war to join the British Expeditionary Force (BEF). In May 1940, it fought in the Battle of France and was forced to retreat to Dunkirk, where it was then evacuated from France. With the brigade and division, the battalion spent the next two years in the United Kingdom, before being sent overseas to fight in the Tunisia Campaign, part of the final stages of the North African Campaign. Alongside the 1st, 8th and 9th battalions, the 2nd Battalion also saw active service in the Italian Campaign from March 1944, in particular during the Battle of Monte Cassino, fighting later on the Gothic Line before being airlifted to fight in the Greek Civil War.[57]

The 8th and 9th Battalions, the two Territorial Army (TA) units, were part of the 1st London Infantry Brigade, attached to 1st London Infantry Division. These later became the 167th (London) Infantry Brigade and 56th (London) Infantry Division. Both battalions saw service in the final stages of the Tunisia Campaign, where each suffered over 100 casualties in their first battle. In September 1943, both battalions were heavily involved in the landings at Salerno, as part of the Allied invasion of Italy, later crossing the Volturno Line, before, in December, being held up at the Winter Line.[58] Both battalions then fought in the Battle of Monte Cassino and were sent to the Anzio beachhead in February 1944.[59]

Two other TA battalions, the 11th and 12th, were both raised in 1939 when the Territorial Army was ordered to be doubled in size. Both were assigned to 4th London Infantry Brigade, part of 2nd London Infantry Division, later 140th (London) Infantry Brigade and 47th (London) Infantry Division respectively.[60] Both battalions remained in the United Kingdom on home defence duties. In 1943, the 12th Battalion was transferred to the 80th Infantry (Reserve) Division and later to the 47th Infantry (Reserve) Division.[61]

The regiment raised many other battalions during the war, although none of them saw active service overseas in their original roles, instead some were converted to other roles. The 21st Battalion, for example, formed soon after the Dunkirk evacuation, was sent to India in the summer of 1942 and later became part of the 52nd Infantry Brigade, acting in a training capacity in order to train British troops in jungle warfare for service in the Burma Campaign. The 23rd Battalion, also created in June/July 1940, was later converted into 46th Battalion, Reconnaissance Corps, assigned to the 46th Infantry Division, serving with it for the rest of the war.[62]

Post 1945[edit | edit source]

In August 1952, the regiment, now reduced to a single Regular battalion, entered the Korean War. On 23 April 1968, the regiment was amalgamated with the Royal Northumberland Fusiliers (5th Foot), the Royal Warwickshire Fusiliers (6th Foot) and the Lancashire Fusiliers (20th Foot) to form the 3rd Battalion, Royal Regiment of Fusiliers.[63]

Fusiliers Museum[edit | edit source]

Royal Fusiliers Regimental Museum, August 2014

The Fusilier Museum is located in the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers Headquarters at HM Tower of London.[64]

Battle honours[edit | edit source]

The Garden of Remembrance at St Sepulchre's Church was originally meant as a memorial to Fusiliers killed in the two World Wars but is now dedicated to all Fusiliers killed in action since 1914

The regiment's battle honours included:[45]

  • Earlier Wars: Namur 1695, Martinique 1809, Talavera, Busaco, Albuhera, Badajoz, Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Orthes, Toulouse, Peninsula, Alma, Inkerman, Sevastopol, Kandahar 1880, Afghanistan 1879–80, Relief of Ladysmith, South Africa 1899–1902
  • The First World War (47 battalions): Mons, Le Cateau, Retreat from Mons, Marne 1914, Aisne 1914, La Bassée 1914, Messines 1914 '17, Armentières 1914, Ypres 1914 '15 '17 '18, Nonne Bosschen, Gravenstafel, St. Julien, Frezenberg, Bellewaarde, Hooge 1915, Loos, Somme 1916 '18, Albert 1916 '18, Bazentin, Delville Wood, Pozières, Flers-Courcelette, Thiepval, Le Transloy, Ancre Heights, Ancre 1916 '18, Arras 1917 '18, Vimy 1917, Scarpe 1917, Arleux, Pilckem, Langemarck 1917, Menin Road, Polygon Wood, Broodseinde, Poelcappelle, Passchendaele, Cambrai 1917 '18, St. Quentin, Bapaume 1918, Rosières, Avre, Villers Bretonneux, Lys, Estaires, Hazebrouck, Béthune, Amiens, Drocourt-Quéant, Hindenburg Line, Havrincourt, Épéhy, Canal du Nord, St. Quentin Canal, Beaurevoir, Courtrai, Selle, Sambre, France and Flanders 1914–18, Italy 1917–18, Struma, Macedonia 1915–18, Helles, Landing at Helles, Krithia, Suvla, Scimitar Hill, Gallipoli 1915–16, Egypt 1916, Megiddo, Nablus, Palestine 1918, Troitsa, Archangel 1919, Kilimanjaro, Behobeho, Nyangao, East Africa 1915–17
  • The Second World War: Dunkirk 1940, North-West Europe 1940, Agordat, Keren, Syria 1941, Sidi Barrani, Djebel Tebaga, Peter's Corner, North Africa 1940 '43, Sangro, Mozzagrogna, Caldari, Salerno, St. Lucia, Battipaglia, Teano, Monte Camino, Garigliano Crossing, Damiano, Anzio, Cassino II, Ripa Ridge, Gabbiano, Advance to Florence, Monte Scalari, Gothic Line, Coriano, Croce, Casa Fortis, Savio Bridgehead, Valli di Commacchio, Senio, Argenta Gap, Italy 1943–45, Athens, Greece 1944–45
  • Korea 1952–53

Colonels[edit | edit source]

Colonels-in-Chief[edit | edit source]

Colonels-in-Chief have included:[45]

Colonels[edit | edit source]

The Royal Fusiliers War Memorial on Holborn, a memorial to Royal Fusiliers killed in both the First and Second World Wars.

The colonels of the regiment included:[65]

7th Regiment of Foot (Royal Fuzileers) (1751)
7th (Derbyshire) Regiment of Foot (1782)
The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) (1881)

Victoria Cross[edit | edit source]

Victoria Crosses awarded to members of the regiment were:

See also[edit | edit source]

The Royal Fusiliers were mentioned in Pink Floyd's film The Wall. It was the regiment that the character Pink's father died in, as well as the writer and producer Roger Waters' father, Eric Fletcher Waters, to whom the Pink Floyd album The Final Cut was dedicated.

The Royal Fusiliers is also mentioned in Jeffrey Archer's bestseller novel, As the Crow Flies. The protagonist of the book, Charlie Trumper, is part of the regiment which fights in the First World War.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Westlake, R. English and Welsh Infantry Regiments: An illustrated Record of Service (195) Stroud, GLS, UK (Spellmount) ISBN 1-873376-24-3
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "Royal Fusiliers". British Empire. http://www.britishempire.co.uk/forces/armyunits/britishinfantry/fusiliers.htm. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  3. Cannon, p. 8
  4. Cannon, p. 9
  5. Cannon, p. 11
  6. Cannon, p. 13
  7. Cannon, p. 16
  8. Cannon, p. 19
  9. Cannon, p. 20
  10. "Universal Register; London, Birth Day". Jun 6, 1785. p. 2. "Orders are given for a camp to be formed on Ashford-Common, near Winsor, for the 7th regiment of foot, who are to be employed in making new roads, and repairing others; the private men are to have 1s. per day extra for their labour." 
  11. Cannon, p. 24
  12. Cannon, p. 26
  13. Cannon, p. 30
  14. Cannon, p. 31
  15. Cannon, p. 32
  16. "The American Revolution in South Carolina". http://www.carolana.com/SC/Revolution/sc_revolution_engagements_georgetown_county.html. Retrieved 9 October 2017. 
  17. "The Battle of Cowpens". The Florida Society of the Sons of the Revolution. http://www.alpost385fl.com/SAR%20newsletters/SarApr15.pdf. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  18. Cannon, p. 33
  19. "The Battle of Guilford Court House". The American Revolution in North Carolina. http://www.carolana.com/NC/Revolution/revolution_battle_of_guilford_courthouse.html. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  20. "Field Marshal Sir Alured Clarke GCB". British Empire. http://www.britishempire.co.uk/forces/armyunits/britishinfantry/fusiliersaluredclarke.htm. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  21. Cannon, p. 34
  22. Cannon, p. 37
  23. Cannon, p. 38
  24. Cannon, p. 46
  25. Cannon, p. 50
  26. Cannon, p. 54
  27. "Lisbon Papers; Cadiz, May 7". 29 May 1811. p. 2. "Lord Wellington has also sent two divisions of his army, the 3d and 7th, that way... Intelligence is just received that the battle is fought, and we are again victorious. The affair took place at Albuhera, on the 16th: Soult attacked, and was defeated with immense loss on both sides." 
  28. Cannon, p. 66
  29. Cannon, p. 67
  30. Cannon, p. 71
  31. Cannon, p. 75
  32. Cannon, p. 76
  33. Cannon, p. 80
  34. Cannon, p. 81
  35. Cannon, p. 82
  36. Cannon, p. 87
  37. "Training Depots 1873–1881". Regiments.org. Archived from the original on 10 February 2006. https://web.archive.org/web/20060210172841/http://www.regiments.org/regiments/uk/depot/1873.htm. Retrieved 16 October 2016.  The depot was the 49th Brigade Depot from 1873 to 1881, and the 7th Regimental District depot thereafter
  38. "House of Commons, Thursday, June 23". Jun 24, 1881. p. 6. 
  39. "No. 24992". 1 July 1881. pp. 3300–3301. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/24992/page/3300 
  40. "Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment)". Anglo-Boer War. http://www.angloboerwar.com/unit-information/imperial-units/648-royal-fusiliers-city-of-london-regiment. Retrieved 14 July 2016. 
  41. "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". 16 February 1900. 
  42. "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". 5 July 1902. 
  43. "Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907". Hansard. 31 March 1908. http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1908/mar/31/territorial-and-reserve-forces-act-1907. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  44. These were the 5th Battalion, 6th Battalion and 7th Battalion (all Special Reserve).
  45. 45.0 45.1 45.2 "The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment)". Regiments.org. Archived from the original on 3 January 2006. https://web.archive.org/web/20060103205951/http://www.regiments.org/regiments/uk/inf/007RFus.htm. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  46. Grey, W. E. 2nd City of London Regiment (Royal Fusiliers) in the Great War, 1914–19 (1929, London, Seeley, Service & Co)
  47. 47.00 47.01 47.02 47.03 47.04 47.05 47.06 47.07 47.08 47.09 47.10 47.11 47.12 "Royal Fusiliers (City of London) Regiment". The Long, Long Trail. http://www.1914-1918.net/royalfus.htm. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  48. 48.0 48.1 48.2 48.3 "Royal Fusiliers during the Great War". The Wartime Memories Project. http://www.wartimememoriesproject.com/greatwar/allied/regiment.php?pid=17636. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  49. "No. 28985". 24 November 1914. p. 9957. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/28985/supplement/9957  Original citation
  50. "No. 28985". 24 November 1914. p. 9957. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/28985/supplement/9957 
  51. Carter, David, The Stockbrokers’ Battalion in the Great War: A History of the 10th (Service) Battalion Royal Fusiliers, Pen and Sword Books, Barnsley, 2014, p.266
  52. "The Royal Fusiliers". Forces War Records. https://www.forces-war-records.co.uk/units/4852/royal-fusiliers-london-regiment/. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  53. Mullen, Peter, Tearing down religious standards Northern Echo 19 Mar 2002
  54. EMAIL, Jewish Magazine. "the Jewish Legion and the Israeli Army". http://jewishmag.com/148mag/jewish_legion/jewish_legion.htm. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  55. "Royal Fusiliers". St Sepulchre-without-Newgate. http://stsepulchres.org/our-community/royal-fusiliers/. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  56. "17th Indian Infantry Brigade". Order of Battle. http://www.ordersofbattle.com/Units/UnitSubordinates?UniX=1418. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  57. "History of 12 Mech Bde HQ and Sig Sqn (228)" (PDF). http://www.army.mod.uk/documents/general/History_of_12_Mech_Bde_HQ_and_Sig_Sqn.pdf. Retrieved 2013-08-07. 
  58. "56th Division". 50megs.com. http://battlefieldsww2.50megs.com/56th_division.htm. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  59. Paule, Edward D.. "A History of the Royal Fusiliers Company Z". http://www.rogerwaters.org/34/royalf1.html. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  60. Joslen, pp. 235, 374
  61. Joslen, p. 374
  62. Doherty, Richard (2007). "The British Reconnaissance Corps in World War II". Osprey. p. 52. http://www.39-45.org/videos/3945/ELI152.pdf. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  63. "New Fusilier Regiment". Apr 17, 1968. p. 12. "The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers, a new regiment, with national rather than regional loyalties, is to be formed on St. George's Day, April 23, the Ministry of Defence announced yesterday." 
  64. "Raised at the Tower of London in 1685". The Fusilier Museum. http://www.fusiliermuseumlondon.org/. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  65. "Royal Fusiliers Colonels". British Empire. http://www.britishempire.co.uk/forces/armyunits/britishinfantry/fusilierscolonels.htm. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  66. "No. 21676". 13 March 1855. p. 1054. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/21676/page/1054 
  67. "No. 23379". 15 May 1868. p. 2804. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/23379/page/2804 

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External links[edit | edit source]

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