|Royal Thai Army|
(RTGS: Kongthap Bok Thai)
Emblem of the Royal Thai Army
|Allegiance||HM The King|
|Part of||Royal Thai Armed Forces|
|Motto(s)||เพื่อชาติ ศาสน์ กษัตริย์ และประชาชน (For The Nation, Religions, King, and People)|
|March||มาร์ชกองทัพบก (Royal Thai Army March)|
(Royal Thai Armed Forces Day)
World War I
World War II
Cambodian–Thai border stand-off
2008–2010 Thai political crisis
Phraya Phahol Pholphayuhasena|
|Royal Thai Army Flag|
The Royal Thai Army (Thai language: กองทัพบกไทย) is the army of Thailand responsible for protecting its sovereignty. It is the oldest and largest branch of the Royal Thai Armed Forces. The army was formed in 1874, partly as a response to new security threats following the Bowring Treaty with Britain, which opened up the country for international trade.
- 1 History
- 2 Command and control
- 3 Structure
- 4 Rank and insignia
- 5 Equipment
- 5.1 Infantry weapons
- 5.2 Vehicles
- 5.3 Artillery
- 5.4 Future procurement
- 5.5 Future development
- 6 Development equipment
- 7 History equipment
- 8 Broadcasting
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
History[edit | edit source]
Ram Khamhaeng the Great rule[edit | edit source]
Naresuan the Great rule[edit | edit source]
Taksin the Great rule[edit | edit source]
Command and control[edit | edit source]
The Royal Thai Army is commanded by the Commander of the Royal Thai Army (ผู้บัญชาการทหารบกไทย); the current Commander is General Prayuth Chan-ocha, who was confirmed by royal appointment to take over the top post effective 1 October 2010. The Royal Thai Army Headquarters is located in a building on Ratchadamnoen Nok Road in Bangkok, Thailand.
- Commander-in-Chief: General Prayuth Chan-ocha
- Deputy Commander-in-Chief: General Dapong Ratanasuwan
- Assistant Commander-in-Chief: General Sirichai Distakul
- Assistant Commander-in-Chief: General Jiradej Mokkhasmit
- Chief of Staff of the Army: General Udomdej Sitabutr
A regiment (the 'Queen's Cobras') and later a division, then a brigade, served in South Vietnam from September 1967 to March 1972.
List of Commanders[edit | edit source]
Structure[edit | edit source]
The Royal Thai Army today is divided into four Army Areas:
- First Army (Thailand) – headquartered in Bangkok and is responsible for the country's western and central provinces including the capital city.
- 1st, 2nd, 9th and 11th infantry divisions
- 2nd Cavalry Division
- 1st Development Division
- 31st Infantry Regiment (Thailand)
- Second Army – headquartered in Nakhon Ratchasima and is responsible for the northeastern quadrant.
- 3rd, 6th Infantry Divisions
- 3rd Cavalry Division
- 2nd Development Division (Nakhon Ratchasima)
- Third Army (Thailand) – headquartered in Phitsanulok, responsible for the northern and northwestern parts of the kingdom.
- 4th Infantry Division
- 7th infantry division
- 1st Cavalry Division
- 3rd development division.
- Fourth Army – headquartered in Nakhon Si Thammarat, responsible for southern Thailand, engaged in the South Thailand insurgency. U.S. State Department cables leaked by Wikileaks in 2006 said: 'Military forces totaling approximately 35,000 troops fall under the command of the 4th Army.. ..the 5th Inf Div and the 15th Development Division (three regiments) totaling approximately 20,000 troops are the main units of the 4th Army.' (06BANGKOK3196)
- 5th Infantry Division (Thailand) (five regiments – Wikileaks 06BANGKOK3196)
- 15th Infantry Division (Thailand) (Camp Queen Suriyothai, Nong Kae Hua Hin. Prachuap Khiri Khan province)
- 4th Development Division. U.S. State Department cables leaked by Wikileaks in 2006 said: 'The Development Division is itself a traditionally "static unit" that provides engineering, construction and other support to local communities in the South. It is not formally charged with security operations. Indeed, Development Division officers were very proud in stating that they have better relations with the locals than other security elements—and have not been attacked while engaged in construction or relief efforts.'
The creation of the 15th Infantry Division (Thailand) was announced in January 2005. Defence Minister General Samphan Boonyanan was quoted as saying that the new unit, dubbed the "Development Division", would not be a combat unit for fighting Islamic militants, but rather its main mission would be to assist local citizens and develop the region. The military will not ignore its general function of providing safety for the citizens of the region, he added. He said that troops for the new division would undergo training to give them a good understanding of local residents, the vast majority of whom are ethnic Malay Muslims. The division is in fact a transformation of the Pran Buri-based 16th Infantry Division. It will now be headquartered at Ingkhayuthaborihan Camp in Pattani, complete with its battalions and companies of military police and communications and aviation personnel, he said. It will also have three separate infantry battalions, one each in Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat. Each battalion will include three companies of medical, engineering and psychological-warfare personnel, he said. The government will allocate a budget of more than 18bn baht for the division over the next four years.
The International Crisis Group wrote in 2010 that '..The 15th Infantry Division is being established as a permanent force to handle security problems in the Deep South. The division is based in Pattani and is expected to have a combined force of around 10,000. The establishment of this new division, approved by the government in 2005, has yet to be completed. As of this writing, some 7,000 troops deployed in the Deep South are affiliated to this division.'
Jane's Defence Weekly for 15 August 2012 said that two new combat formations had been approved by the previous Pheu Thai administration. The new 7th Infantry Division is based at Mae Rim, near Chiang Mai, and the new 3rd Cavalry Division is based at Khon Kaen.
The Royal Guards (Thailand) form several separate regiments within these formations.
Tactical units[edit | edit source]
The army is organized into the following formations:
- 9 infantry divisions (including 16 tank battalions)
- 1 armoured division
- 3 cavalry division (a light armoured division)
- 1 special forces division trained and geared for small unit special and airborne operations
- 1 field artillery division
- 1 air defense artillery division
- 8 independent infantry battalions
- 3 airmobile companies provided the ground force units with battlefield support
The Royal Thai Army also controls at least one television network, the Thai Global Network.
The Army Tactical Level Advanced Simulation (ATLAS) is an interactive, distributed, constructive simulation used to conduct military Command Post Exercises (CPX) within the RTA. ATLAS utilize a continuous terrain model, incorporates HLA 1516, and displays 1:250,000 1:50,000 and Satellite Imagery. ATLAS was developed between 2002 and 2005 through cooperation with RTA Command and General Staff College (CGSC).
Aviation[edit | edit source]
The Royal Thai Army is known to operate the following aircraft types:
|United States||Bell AH-1F Huey Cobra||7||Serial numbers 9996, 9997, 9998. Serial number 9999 lost in 2001 crash. 4 more of the same model were ordered in 2005. RTA also has another 3 AH-1F in storage for spare parts.|
|France||Eurocopter Fennec AS550 C3||0 (+8)||8 on order|
|United States||Bell 206 Jet Ranger||29||Both the Bell 206A and Bell 206B in use.|
|United States||Bell UH-1H Iroquois||92||From US military aid during Vietnam War. Some were bought by RTA through Excess defense articles. Total delivered from 1968 to 2004: 174. Less than 50% air-worthy. All operable UH-1Hs are used by 3 RTA airmobile companies.|
|United States||Bell 212||54||Used by 1st Airmobile Co, 2nd Airmobile Co, 3rd Airmobile Co and Department of Army Transportation|
|United States||Sikorsky UH-60L/M Blackhawk (S-70A-43)||9 L
|Serial numbers 6927, 6928, 6929, 7002, 7003, 7025, and 7026. 3 more UH-60Ls and 3 more UH-60Ms ordered Aug 2009 and Jul 2011, respectively. S-70A-43, serial number 6928 was lost in a crash on 17 Jul 2011. The government has also approved the purchase of 2 more UH-60Ms. 3 more S-70A (based on the UH-60L) arrived at the port of Laem Chabang on 8 Apr 2013. The serial numbers for these are 7220, 7221, and 7222. Acceptance and handover should be complete by 11 April|
|United States||UH-72A Lakota||0(+6)||6 on order|
|United Kingdom||AgustaWestland AW139||0(+2)||2 On Order for VIP transport.|
|United States||Boeing CH-47D Chinook||6|||
|Russia||Mil Helicopters Mi-17-V5||3 (+2)||3 helicopters delivered by AN-124-100 RA-82078 to U-Tapao RTNS on 22 Feb 2011.A photo has appeared of Mi-17 serial number 6403 being offloaded from an AN-124. The serial numbers of the remaining two are 6401 and 6402.|
|United States||Schweizer S-300C||54||For training and observation|
|United States||Enstrom Enstrom 480B||16||For training|
|Brazil||Embraer ERJ-135LR||2||Both aircraft delivered (serial numbers 0184/HS-AMP and 1124)|
|Spain||CASA C-212-300 Aviocar||2||Serial numbers 446 and 447 based with the VIP squadron at Don Mueang Airport. One of these airplanes is no longer in service.|
|United Kingdom||British Aerospace Jetstream 41||2||Serial numbers 41060 and 41094. Based with the VIP unit at Don Mueang Airport.|
|United States||Beechcraft 1900C-1||2||Serial numbers 0169 and 0170. Based with the VIP unit at Don Mueang Airport.|
|United States||Beechcraft 200 King Air||2||serial numbers 0342 and 1165. based within the Lop Buri Army complex.|
|United States||Cessna T-41 Mescalero||22||Around 20–30 of these ex- US Army fixed-wing trainers still flying|
|United States||Cessna U-17B Skywagon||14||Around 15–20 of these Vietnam-era FAC aircraft still flying|
|United States||Maule MX-7||20||Around 15 still flying as liaison and trainer aircraft|
|United States||AeroVironment RQ-11 Raven||12 (+120)|
Known aviation bases[edit | edit source]
- Don Mueang Airport (VTBD)
- Units here include the VIP squadron, flying1 Embrear ERL-135LR serial number 1084/HS-AMP and serial number 1124, 2 Jetstream 41 (serial numbers 41060 and 41094), 2 Casa 212–300 (serial numbers 446 and 447) and 2 Beech 1900C-1 (serial numbers 0169 and 0170) and the 1st Infantry Battalion operating 2 Bell 206B (serial numbers 4422 and 4448), 3 Schweizer S-300C (serial numbers 1340,1366 and 1367) and 2 Cessna U-17B FAC aircraft (serial numbers 1616 and 1617).
- Bang Khen (3 km south of Don Mueang)
- The Royal Squadron flies 3 Bell 212 and 2 Bell 412 (serial numbers 36332 and 36333) from here. There is also a special transport unit flying around 10–12 Bell 212 and 1 or 2 Bell 206 based here.
- Camp Surasri
- The 9th Infantry Battalion operates 2 Bell 206B (the serial number of 1 is 4424), and 2 or 3 Schweizer S-300C. There is also a detachment of UH-1H from an Air Mobility Company here.
- Camp Jakapong (Prachin Buri)
- The 2nd Infantry Battalion "The Queen's Guard" was operating 2 Bell 206B (serial numbers 4446 and 4361), 3 Schweizer S-300C (serial numbers 1343, 1344 and 1345) and 2 Maule MX-7 (one serial number known is 099) in 2004, however it is likely the Maule MX-7 may now not be operated by this unit now. A detachment of this unit (with in 1998 1 Bell 206 and 1 Maule MX-7) was operating from Watthana Nakhon (VTBW) near the Cambodian border.
- Phitsanulok Airport (VTPP)
- Loc 16 degrees 46'58.58N,100 degrees 16'44.84E elevation 154 feet/47 meters.
- Runway 14/32 length 9843 feetx148/3000x45 meters
- Operating from here is the 4th Infantry Battalion with Bell 206B,Schweizer S-300C,Cessna U-17B and Maule MX-7.
- Camp Suranaree (Khorat)
- The main flying unit here is the 3rd Infantry Battalion flying 2 Bell 206B (serial numbers 4396 and 4447), 2 Schweizer S-300C (serial numbers 1337 and 1339) and 2 Cessna U-17B (serial numbers 1454 and 1618).
- This field also hosts a detachment of up to 3 Bell 212 helicopters from one of the Air Mobility Companies.
Lop Buri, the main base complex of the Royal Thai Army Aviation, which includes training, technical school, aircraft maintenance and aircraft storage.
- The main airfield here is called Sa Pran Nak (VTBH)
- Loc 14 degrees 56'58.02N,100 degrees 38'34.88E elevation 95 feet/29 meters.
- Runways 01/19 3300x98 feet/1006x30 meters and 06/24 3890x98 feet/1186/30 meters
- Operating units here include
- Gong Bin Bau – in English Light Aviation Company – operating Cessna U-17B, Cessna T-41 and Searcher MKII
- Gong Bin Pee-ak Moon Tee Nung – in English Air Mobility Company 1 – operating Bell UH-1H and Bell 212
- Gong Bin Pee-ak Moon Tee Song – in English Air Mobility Company 2 – operating Bell UH-1H (US Excess Defense Articles program)and Bell 212
- Gong Bin Pee-ak Moon Tee Sam – in English Air mobility Company 3 – operating Bell UH-1H,Bell 206B,Bell AH-1F Huey Cobra(8) and Bell 212
- Gong Bin Pee-ak Moon Tee Gou (pasom) – in English Air Mobility Company 9 (Mixed) – operating Bell UH-1H(US Excess Defense Articles program) and Sikorsky S-70-43 Black Hawk(6) with 6 more on order.
- Gong Bin Sanub-sanoon Tua Pai – in English General Support Aviation Battalion – operating Boeing CH-47D Chinook, Bell UH-1H and Mil Mi-17V5
- The army aviation centre is based here, which conducts conversion training for the army. Types operated are Cessna T-41B (ex US army surplus), Maule MX-7, Schweizar S-300C piston trainer helicopters.
- The 2 former VIP Beechcraft 200 King Air airplanes, serial numbers 0342 and 1165 are also based here. Their present role is unknown. These airplanes were modified in the USA in the late nineties.
A separate airfield within the Lop Buri complex (only around 3 km south of Sa Pran Nak) houses the 5th aircraft maintenance Company. This unit is responsible for maintenance and storage of army aircraft and helicopters.
- The 5th Infantry Division operates the following aviation assets from a small airfield within the army reserve at Nakhon si Thamarat (not at the airport),2 Bell 206B-3(serial numbers 4382 and 4427),3 Schweizer TH-300C(serial numbers 1371,1372 and 1373)and 2 Maule MX-7(serial numbers 114 and 115).A detachment of helicopters can be found here from the Air Mobility Companies based at Lop Buri.
- The 6th Infantry battalion is based near Ubon Ratchatani.
Army Medical Department[edit | edit source]
Army Medical Department (กรมแพทย์ทหารบก) belongs to the service segment of the Royal Thai Army. It is responsible for medical affairs, providing medical services at its regular base or in the field, giving training to personnel in research and agriculture and supervising the medical divisions of different sectors of the Royal Thai Army. AMED observed 111 years of service in January 2011, with 110 years of service having been honored by issue of a series of commemorative stamps.
Rank and insignia[edit | edit source]
Equipment[edit | edit source]
Infantry weapons[edit | edit source]
Small arms[edit | edit source]
|M1911||Semi-automatic pistol||.45 ACP||Thailand/ United States||Thai M1911A1 pistols produced under license. Locally known as the Type 86 pistol (ปพ.86).|
|Beretta 92||Semi-automatic pistol||9x19mm Parabellum||Italy|
|Heckler & Koch USP||Semi-automatic pistol||.45ACP||Germany||Used by Special forces.|
|Heckler & Koch MP5||Submachine gun||9x19mm Parabellum||Germany||Used by Special forces.|
|UZI||Submachine gun||9x19mm Parabellum||Israel||Used by Military police.|
|Heckler & Koch UMP||Submachine gun||9x19mm Parabellum||Germany||UMP9 submachine guns used by Special force.|
|FN P90||Submachine gun||5.7x28mm||Belgium||FN P90 submachine guns used by Special force.|
|Heckler & Koch HK33||Assault rifle||5.56mm||Thailand/ Germany||Thai license produced version of the Heckler & Koch HK33. Used by Royal Thai Armed Forces and Army Reserve Force Students.|
|Type 11||Assault rifle||5.56mm||Thailand||The Type 11 (ปลย.11) is a bullpup assault rifle of Thai origin, manufactured by the Ministry of National Defence. The weapon is a derivative of the Heckler & Koch HK33 assault rifle.|
|IMI Tavor TAR-21||Assault rifle||5.56mm||Israel||Standard infantry rifle for certain units.|
|M16A1/A2/A4||Assault rifle||5.56mm||United States||Standard infantry rifle. Aging M16A1 will be replaced by IMI Tavor TAR-21 and M16A4.|
|CAR-15||Assault rifle||5.56mm||United States|
|M4A1 Carbine||Assault rifle||5.56mm||United States||Used by Special forces, Some were equipped with SOPMOD kit.|
|Steyr AUG||Assault rifle||5.56mm||Austria||Used by Special forces.|
|Heckler & Koch G36||Assault rifle||5.56mm||Germany||Used by Special forces.|
|SAR 21||Assault rifle||5.56mm||Singapore||Used by Special forces.|
|IMI Galil||Assault rifle||5.56mm||Israel||Used in small numbers.|
|Type 56/56-1||Assault rifle||7.62×39mm||China||Used in small numbers mainly by the Thahan Phran. Former Thai Communist rifle.|
|M1 Garand||Semi-automatic rifle||.30-06||United States||Locally known as the Type 88 self-loading rifle (ปลยบ.88). Used by Royal Guards and by Army Reserve Force Students as a non-firing training rifle.|
|M1/M2 Carbine||Semi-automatic rifle||.30||United States||Locally known as the Type 87 carbine (ปสบ. 87) Used by Army Reserve Force Students as a non-firing training rifle.|
|M14 rifle||Sniper rifle||7.62mm||United States|
|SIG-Sauer SSG 3000||Sniper rifle||7.62mm||Switzerland|
|SR-25||Sniper rifle||7.62mm||United States|
|Heckler & Koch HK21||Light machine gun||5.56mm||Germany|
|FN MINIMI||Light machine gun||5.56mm||Belgium|
|IMI Negev||Light machine gun||5.56mm||Israel||Over 1,500 purchased. Delivery is ongoing.|
|Type 56 LMG||Light machine gun||7.62x39mm||China||Used in small numbers mainly by the Thahan Phran. Former Thai Communist machine gun.|
|FN MAG-58||General purpose machine gun||7.62mm||Belgium|
|M60||General purpose machine gun||7.62mm||United States|
|M2 Browning machine gun||Heavy machine gun||12.7mm||United States||Locally known as Type 93 machine gun (ปก.93). Use by infantry units and mobile vehicles and helicopter.|
|Type 54 HMG||Heavy machine gun||12.7x108mm||China||Mounted on Type 69 and Small number of V-150|
Rocket, grenade, and missile systems[edit | edit source]
|M203||Underbarrel Grenade launcher||United States|
|M79||Single-shot Grenade launcher||United States|
|BTS-203||Single-shot Grenade launcher||Thailand|
|Mk 19 AGL||Automatic grenade launcher||United States|
|Type 56 RPG||Rocket-propelled grenade||China||Used in small numbers mainly by the Thahan Phran. Former Thai Communist shoulder-fired missile .|
|Type 69 RPG||Rocket-propelled grenade||China||Used in small numbers mainly by the Thahan Phran. Former Thai Communist shoulder-fired missile .|
|M72A5 LAW||Shoulder-fired missile||United States|
|Carl Gustav M3||recoilless rifle||Sweden|
|M47 Dragon||Anti-Tank Guided Missile||500||United States|
|BGM-71 TOW||Anti-tank guided missile||United States|
|M40A2||recoilless rifle||United States|
|HN-5A||Man-portable air defense system||90||China|
|9K38 Igla-S||Man-portable air defense system||48||Soviet Union||Part of order placed in 2010.|
|Starstreak||Surface-to-air missile||United Kingdom||8 Ordered in 2012|
|Buk missile system||Surface-to-air missile||0(+2)||Russia||
1 of Southeast of asia to offers
Vehicles[edit | edit source]
Utility vehicles and prime movers[edit | edit source]
|Humvee||Utility vehicle||+1200||United States||RTA use M998,M1038A1,M1097A1,M1037,M1042,M1025,M1026A1,M966,M997,M997A2.|
|M151||Utility vehicle||+550||United States||RTA use M151A2,M718A1,M825.|
|TR MUV4||Utility vehicle||+3||Thailand|
|M813||Prime Mover||+500||United States||RTA use M54,M54A2,M51A1,M51A2,M52,M52A1,M52A2,M246,M543,M543A2,M813,M813A1,M820A2,M817,M818,M816.|
|M35 2-1/2 ton cargo truck||Prime Mover||+2000||United States||RTA use M35,M35A1,M35A2,M50A2,M50A3,M49A1,M49A2,M109A3,M185A1,M292A2,M275,M36A2.|
|Isuzu||Prime Mover||+2000||Japan/ Thailand||RTA use Isuzu FTS 800 4x4, FTS 33 H2E 4x4,|
|UNIMOG||Prime Mover||+1500||Germany||RTA use U1100/L 4x4,U1550 4x4,U2450/L 6x6,U2405 6x6.|
|LMTV||Prime Mover||+750||United States||Thai Army have 4 series of LMTV are M1083,M1085,M1088 and M1089.|
Armoured fighting vehicles[edit | edit source]
|T-84 Oplot-M||Main Battle Tank||5(+49)||Ukraine||Up to 200 may be acquired. First order of 49 tanks was placed in Sep 2011 although there are no official announcements from the Royal Thai Army. So far, the government has just approved 7.155 billion baht to purchase the first 49 T-84 Oplot main battle tanks to be assigned to the 2nd Cavalry Bn (Royal Guard at Fort Chakkraphongse, Prachinburi), the 4th Cavalry Bn (Royal Guard at Kiakkai, Bangkok), the 8th Cavalry Bn (Fort Suranari, Nakhon Ratchasima), and the 9th Cavalry Bn (Fort Ekathotsarot, Phitsanuloke). 5 to be delivered in December 2013, 10 will deliver in March 2014.|
|M60A1/A3||Main Battle Tank||53 A1
|United States||Ex-US Army 53 M60A1 RISE Passive and 125 M60A3 TTS.|
|M48A5 Patton||Main Battle Tank||105||United States|
|Stingray||Light tank||106||United States|
|M41A3||Light Tank||200||United States|
|FV101 Scorpion CVR(T)||Light tank||128||United Kingdom|
|BTR-3E1||Armoured personnel carrier||96(+121)||Ukraine||96 ordered in 2008. Deliveries was delayed due to changes in engine and transmission. Additional 6 gifted by the Ukrainian Government. Second order of 121 announced in Aug 2011. Third order of 21 announced in August 2013.|
|Reva||Armoured personnel carrier||85||South Africa||Mine-protected vehicle.|
|First Win||Armoured personnel carrier||21(+50)||Thailand||Mine-protected vehicle.|
|Type 85||Armoured personnel carrier||396||China||Variants include: APC, ACV,SPM 120mm, SPM 81mm, SPRL. Six of them are fitted with Type 82 multiple rocket launcher.|
|M113A1/A2/A3||Armoured personnel carrier||500+||United States||Overall there are 500+ M113 in different variants. 450+ of M113A1/A2/A3 are armored personnel carrier. 6 of M113A2 are fitted with TOW 1 anti-tank missile. 23 of them are M577 command vehicles. 10 of M113A3 are recovery vehicles. 9 M113A3s are ambulances.|
|M125||Mortar carrier||Unknown||United States||Fitted with 81 mm M29 mortar and a 12.7 mm machine gun.|
|M106A1/A2||Mortar carrier||Unknown||United States||Fitted with 107 mm M30 mortar and a 12.7 mm machine gun.|
|M901A3||Tank destroyer||18||United States|
|V-150 Commando||Armoured car||113||United States||Variants include: 27 of V-150 are armored personnel carrier. 29 of V-150 are 81mm. mortar carrier. 56 of V-150 are fitted with 90mm turret. and one V-150 are ambulances.|
|V-100 Commando||Armoured car||19+||United States|
Support Vehicle[edit | edit source]
|M992||Ammunition Resupply Vehicle||20||United States||Use for resupplying the M109A5 howitzer.|
|Type 84 AVLB||Armoured vehicle-launched bridge||4||China||Base on the Type 69 MBT. 18m long mobile bridge.|
|M881A1/A2 Hercules||Armored recovery vehicle||22||United States|
|Type 653||Armored recovery vehicle||16||China|
|M578 LRV||Armored recovery vehicle||Unknown||United States|
|FV106 Samson||Armored recovery vehicle||Unknown||United Kingdom|
|FV105 Sultan||Armored Command Vehicle||Unknown||United Kingdom|
|Bronco ATTC||All-Terrain Tracked Vehicles||Unknown||Singapore||Troop carrier variant. Used by Engineer.|
Artillery[edit | edit source]
Howitzer,multiple rocket launcher,mortar[edit | edit source]
|L119||105 mm towed howitzer||22||United Kingdom/ Thailand||Thai L119 Light Gun produced under license.|
|LG1 Mk II||105 mm towed howitzer||24||France|
|M56||105 mm towed Howitzer||12||Italy|
|M101A1 mod||105 mm towed howitzer||285||United States||285 guns Improve the Nexter LG1 caliber|
|M102||105 mm towed howitzer||12||United States||in reserve.|
|M618A2||105 mm towed howitzer||32||Thailand||in reserve.|
|M425||105 mm towed howitzer||12||Thailand||in reserve.|
|Type 59-1||130 mm towed howitzer||18||China||in reserve.|
|GHN-45||155mm towed howitzer||92||Austria|
|Soltam M-71||155mm towed howitzer||32||Israel||undergoing Upgrade to Self-Propelled Howitzer|
|M198||155 mm towed howitzer||116||United States|
|M114||155 mm towed howitzer||20||United States||total 56 in service. 20 active and 36 Decommission in 2013.replaced by M198 howitzer.|
|M425||105 mm Self-Propelled Howitzer||0(+9)||Thailand|
|CAESAR||155 mm Self-Propelled Howitzer||6||France|
|ATMOS 2000||155 mm Self-Propelled Howitzer||0(+6)||Israel/ Thailand||Thai ATMOS 2000 produced under license.|
|M109A5||155 mm Self-Propelled Howitzer||20||United States|
|SR4||122 mm self-propelled multiple rocket launcher||4||China|
|Type 82||130 mm self-propelled multiple rocket launcher||6||China||Mounted on Type 85 hulls.|
|HIMARS||227 mm self-propelled multiple rocket launcher||0(+3)||United States|
|WS-1B||302 mm self-propelled multiple rocket launcher||9||China||Thai get broadcasting technology.|
|DTI-1||302 mm self-propelled multiple rocket launcher||2||Thailand||Adapted by Thailand's Defense Technology Institute, Royal Thai Army as DTI-1.The rocket was mounted on Volvo FM-400 6x6.|
|M2 mortar||60 mm Mortar||United States|
|M19 mortar||60 mm Mortar||United States|
|M121A1/A2 mortar||60 mm Mortar||Thailand|
|M121A3 Commando mortar||60 mm Mortar||Thailand|
|M1 mortar||81 mm Mortar||United States|
|M29 mortar||81 mm Mortar||United States|
|M221A2 mortar||81 mm Mortar||Thailand|
|M132A1 mortar||120 mm Mortar||Thailand|
Anti-aircraft artillery[edit | edit source]
|M163 VADS||20 mm Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun||24||United States|
|M167 VADS||20 mm towed anti-aircraft gun||24||United States|
|Bofors L60/70||40mm towed anti-aircraft gun||72 L60
|M3 Half-track||4 M2HB machine guns||72||United States||M16 MGMC Series|
|M55 Quadmount||4 M2HB machine guns||24||United States|
|Type 59||57 mm towed anti-aircraft gun||24||China|
|M42 Duster||Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun||24||United States|
Air search radar[edit | edit source]
|Siemens DR-172 ADV||Medium range air search radar||4||United States||1 system with 1 army area.|
|Lockheed Martins LAADS||Mobile Short range air search radar||10||United States||Use Supports M163 VADS,M167 VADS and Bofors L70.|
|Type 513||Short range air search radar||3||China||Use Supports Type 59.|
Artillery-locating radar[edit | edit source]
|AN/TPQ-36(V)11||Firefinder radar||5||United States|
|ARTHUR||Firefinder radar||0(+2)||Sweden||2 Ordered in 2013.|
Future procurement[edit | edit source]
Army Aviation[edit | edit source]
- UH-60 Black Hawk – On 6 August 2009, the US Defense Security Cooperation Agency notified Congress of a possible foreign military sale to the Government of Thailand of three Black Hawk helicopters and associated equipment and logistic support for an estimated cost of $150 million.
- VIP/Medivac aircraft – The Royal Thai Army signed a contract with Embraer to purchase an ERJ-135 for VIP transport use. On 12 January 2009, Royal Thai Army signed a second contract to buy another aircraft with VIP and Medivac capability.
Future development[edit | edit source]
- Armoured vehicles
- Tiger I armored car – The Armored car type 8X8 by Chaiseri Metal & Rubber Company.
- Black Widow Spider armored car – The Armored car type 8X8 by Defense Technology Institute and Preechathavorn Industry do joint venture.
- First Win-E - Armored car undergoing development from First Win's prototype by Chaiseri Metal & Rubber Company, to replace Humvee in future. RTA source said they are very interest in this version of First Win.
- Small Arms
- DTI-1G - The 302 mm Guided Multiple rocket launcher by Defense Technology Institute. Based on DTI-1, will have a firing test in Andaman Sea and commission in 2014 or 2015.
- DTI-2 – The 122 mm Multiple rocket launcher by Defense Technology Institute.
- Under the 105 mm Self-Propelled Howitzer plan by Defense Technology Institute.
- Under the 155 mm Self-Propelled Howitzer plan by Defense Technology Institute.
- DTI-2G – The Surface-to-air missile by Defense Technology Institute.
- Under the Cruise missile ground attack and anti-ship plan by Defense Technology Institute.
- Under the Man-portable air-defense systems plan by Defense Technology Institute.
- Under the Anti-tank guided missile plan by Defense Technology Institute.
- Army Aviation
- UAV RD01 – The Unmanned aerial vehicle by Defense Technology Institute.
- Black Kite UAV – The Unmanned aerial vehicle by Avia Satcom and Saab do joint venture.
Development equipment[edit | edit source]
|Dragon I rifle||Thailand||Assault rifle|
|Tiger I armored car||Thailand||Armored car|
|Black Widow Spider armored car||Thailand||Armored car|
|DTI-1G||Thailand||Multiple rocket launcher|
|DTI-2||Thailand||Multiple rocket launcher|
|UAV RD01||Thailand||Unmanned aerial vehicle|
|Black Kite UAV||Thailand/ Sweden||Unmanned aerial vehicle|
History equipment[edit | edit source]
Broadcasting[edit | edit source]
Radio and Television channel list[edit | edit source]
Free-to-air[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Army of Thailand.|
- Royal Thai Armed Forces Headquarters
- Special Activities Division
- Royal Thai Army Radio and Television
- Border Patrol Police
- Thahan Phran
- Battle of Phou Pha Thi, (Northeastern Laos, March 1968) covert Border Patrol "volunteers"
- Thai–Laotian Border War
- Cambodian–Thai border dispute
- Type 45 Siamese Mauser
- Chao Phraya Bodindecha
References[edit | edit source]
- Stanton, 'Vietnam Order of Battle,' 270–271.
- 06BANGKOK3883, 'Southern Violence: The army takes the lead,' 30 June 2006, para 8.
- Robert Karniol, 'Thailand boosts military in troubled south,' Jane's Defence Weekly, 23 February 2005, Vol. 42, No. 8, p.12
- Asia Africa Intelligence Wire, New Thai army regiment to battle southern militants [sic – this is a division], BBC Monitoring International Reports, 16 February 2005.
- International Crisis Group, 'Update Briefing: Stalemate in Southern Thailand,' Asia Briefing No. 113, Bangkok/Brussels, 3 November 2010, 3
- Interview: Sukumpol Suwanatat, Air Chief Marshal and Minister of Defence, JDW 15 August 2012, Vol. 49, Issue 33, 34.
- 111 Years
- "110 Years of Army Medical Department, RTA. Commemorative Stamps". Catalog. SiamStamp. 25 November 2009. http://www.siamstamp.com/catalogue/index.php?id=888. Retrieved 18 February 2011.
- Patrick Winn (12 September 2009). "Thailand Plans $191.3M Arms Purchase". http://www.defensenews.com/story.php?i=3722292&c=ASI&s=LAN.
- "Cabinet nod for buying Israeli rfiles". Bangkok Post. 15 September 2009. http://www.bangkokpost.com/breakingnews/154451/cabinet-nod-for-buying-israeli-rifles.
- "SIPRI Trade Register". Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. http://armstrade.sipri.org/armstrade/page/trade_register.php.
- Royal Thai Army selects STARStreak – Armyrecognition.com, 16 November 2012
- http://www.roe.ru/eng_pr/eng_pr_13_11_01_a.htm - www.roe.ru,1 of Southeast of asia to offers 1 November 2013
- Thai army takes delivery of the first five Ukrainian made T-84 Oplot main battle tanks - Armyrecognition.com, 20 October 2013
- "Ukraine's state arms exporter presents to Thai army officials first production of T-84 Oplot tank". Jul 11, 2013. http://www.armyrecognition.com/july_2013_news_defence_security_industry_military/ukraines_state_arms_exporter_presents_to_thai_army_officials_first_production_t-84_oplot_tank_11071.html.
- "Thai army takes delivery of the first five Ukrainian made T-84 Oplot main battle tanks.". October 20, 2013. http://www.armyrecognition.com/october_2013_defense_industry_military_news_uk/thai_army_takes_delivery_of_the_first_five_ukrainian_made_t-84_oplot_main_battle_tanks_2010132.html.
- "Ukraine has delivered the first batch of five Oplot main battle tank to Thailand". November 20, 2013. http://www.armyrecognition.com/november_2013_defense_industry_military_news_uk/ukraine_has_delivered_the_first_batch_of_five_oplot_main_battle_tank_to_thailand_1011131.html.
- Ukrspetsexport Ready to Deliver the Next 22 BTR-3E1 to Thailand
- Thailand; Third batch Ukrainian BTR ordered - Dmilt.com, 3 Aug 2013
- DSCA UH-60L Black Hawk Helicopter
- Embraer Press Release Embraer sign contracts with the Royal Thai Army and the Royal Thai Navy
- Flight International Thailand buys third ERJ-135
-  Chaiseri Tiger I prototype armored car type 8X8
-  DTI - Preechathavorn Industry prototype armored car type 8X8
-  Black Kite UAV
[edit | edit source]
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