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Авиация Военно-морского флота
Aviatsiya Voenno-morskogo Flota
Russian Naval Aviation
Naval Ensign of Russia.svg
Active since 1912
Country Russian Federation (previously the Soviet Union and Russian Empire)
Branch Russian Navy
Type Naval aviation
Commanders
Current
commander
Major-General Igor Kozhin
Insignia
Roundel Roundel of Russia.svg

The Russian Naval Aviation (Russian language: Авиация Военно-морского флота России, tr. Aviatsiya Voenno-morskogo Flota Rossii) is the air arm of the Russian Navy, having superseded the Soviet Naval Aviation. The Russian Navy is divided into four fleets and one flotilla: Northern Fleet, Pacific Ocean Fleet, Baltic Fleet, Black Sea Fleet, and Caspian Flotilla.

The air forces of the most important fleets, the Northern and Pacific fleets, operate long range Tu-142 anti-submarine warfare aircraft and Il-38 medium-range ASW aircraft. Formations operating supersonic Tu-22M3 bombers were transferred to the Russian Air Force's Long Range Aviation in 2011.[1] The relatively small fleets, the Baltic and Black Sea, currently have only tactical Su-24 bombers and ASW helicopters in service. The small Caspian Flotilla operates An-26 and Mi-8 transports, Ka-27PS rescue helicopters, as well as some Ka-29 and Mi-24 armed helicopters. In 2011, the Russian Navy Deputy Commander-in-Chief for Naval Aviation and Air Defense/Commander, Naval Air and Air Defense Forces is Major General (NAF&NADF) Igor Kozhin.

Components[edit | edit source]

A Sukhoi Su-33 from the 279th Shipborne Fighter Aviation Regiment, on Admiral Kuznetsov's flight deck.

The Russian Naval Aviation consists of the following components:[2]

  • Naval missile-carrying aviation;
  • Shore-based ASW aviation;
  • Attack (Shturmovik) Aviation;
  • Shore-based fighter aviation;
  • Reconnaissance aviation;
  • Shipborne aviation (fighters and ASW aircraft);
  • Auxiliary air units.

Structure[edit | edit source]

Structure in 2007[edit | edit source]

This is the structure of the Russian Naval Aviation, as reproduced from the August 2007 issue of the Air Forces Monthly.[3]

Northern Fleet Air Force – HQ Severomorsk

  • 924th Separate Maritime Reconnaissance Aviation Regiment – HQ at Olenegorsk/Olenya - Tu-22M3;
  • 279th Shipborne Fighter Aviation Regiment – HQ at Severomorsk-3disambiguation needed - Su-25UTG, Su-33;
  • 73rd Independent Air Squadron – HQ at Kipelovo (Fedotovo) - Tu-142MK, Tu-142MR;
  • 403rd Separate Mixed Aviation Regiment – HQ at Severomorsk-1 - An-12, An-26, Il-38, Tu-134;
  • 830th Separate Shipborne Anti-Submarine Helicopter Regiment - HQ at Severomorsk-1 - Ka-27;

Pacific Fleet Air Force – HQ Vladivostok

  • 568th Independent Composite Aviation Regiment – HQ at Mongokhto - operating Tu-22M3, Tu-142MR/MZ;
  • 865th Interceptor Aviation Regiment – HQ at Yelizovo-Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Airport - MiG-31;
  • 317th Composite Air Regiment – HQ at Yelizovo - Tu-142;
  • 71st Independent Military Transport Air Squadron – HQ at Nikolayevka, Primorskaya - An-12, An-24, An-26;
  • 175th Independent Shipborne Anti-submarine Helicopter Squadron – HQ at Yelizovo - Ka-27;
  • 289th Independent Anti-submarine Air Regiment – HQ at Nikolayevka - Il-38, Ka-27, Ka-29;

Baltic Fleet Air Force – HQ Kaliningrad

Black Sea Fleet Air Arm – HQ Sevastopol (status in 2010) [4][5]

  • 25th Independent Anti-submarine Helicopter Regiment - HQ at Kachadisambiguation needed, Crimea - ~20 helicopters of types Ka-27 and Mi-14
  • 917th Independent Composite Air Regiment - HQ at Kachadisambiguation needed, Crimea - ~10x Antonov transport aircraft of types An-2, An-12 and An-26; 4x Be-12; ~10x Mi-8
  • 43rd Independent Naval Shturmovik (Assault) Air Squadron - HQ at Gvardeyskoye, Crimea - 18x Su-24M; 4x Su-24MR;

Structure after 2008–2011 reforms[edit | edit source]

As a result of the 2008 Russian military reforms, the units of the Russian Naval Aviation were reorganized into 13 new Naval Air Bases. Each new naval air base consists of an HQ, support units and one or more aviation groups/wings (the former air bases). In a second stage, the air bases were merged into territorially integrated structures. Only the 279th Regiment retained its status. The planned transfer of Naval Aviation assets (Su-24, Su-27, Tu-22M3, MiG-31) to the Air Force has been delayed [6] due to their importance to the service, but was finally implemented by the end of 2011.[1]

As of 2012, the only fixed wing strike and fighter aircraft of Russian Naval Aviation are the Su-33 fighters and Su-25UTG attack aircraft of the 279th Regiment (forming the Admiral Kuznetsov's carrier air wing), plus the Su-24 bombers based in the Crimea.[1] This sole bomber unit remained part of Naval Aviation as an exception to satisfy treaty requirements governing Russian forces deployments on Ukrainian territory (these must be part of the Black Sea Fleet).[7] Buying brand new multirole Sukhoi Su-30SM for the Black Sea Fleet to replace Su-24 is in the planning stages.[8] Naval aviation also retains the anti-submarine aircraft of the forces (the Tu-142 and the Il-38) and the helicopter arm.

Naval air bases of the Russian Naval Aviation include:

Russian Naval Aviation aircraft at Novofedorovka airbase.

Baltic Fleet air bases

Black Sea Fleet air bases

Northern Fleet air bases

  • Kipelovo NAB
  • Orenegorsk NAB
  • North Sea-1 NAB
  • North Sea-2 NAB

Pacific Fleet air bases

Aircraft inventory[edit | edit source]

Aircraft (NATO designation) Origin Type Versions In service[9] Notes
Fighter aircraft
Sukhoi Su-33 (Flanker-D)  Russia fighter Su-33 17 designed for service on the Russian aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov[3]
Mikoyan MiG-29K (Fulcrum-D)  Russia fighter MiG-29K/KUB 24 ordered 24 ordered in Jan 2010; first delivery of 4 MiGs expected in 2013 [10]
Attack aircraft
Sukhoi Su-24 (Fencer)  Soviet Union attack Su-24M 18[11]
Sukhoi Su-25 (Frogfoot)  Soviet Union attack Su-25UBP/UTG 14 8 UBPs and 6 UTGs - used for training pilots to fly the Su-33 fighter.[12]
ASW aircraft
Tupolev Tu-142 (Bear-F)  Soviet Union long range ASW Tu-142MK/MZ 16 8 MKs in the Northern Fleet and 8 MZs in the Pacific Fleet.[12]
Ilyushin Il-38 (May)  Soviet Union medium range ASW Il-38/N 26 11 in service with the Northern Fleet, 15 with the Pacific Fleet.[13]
Transport aircraft
An-24  Soviet Union transport aircraft An-24T 10
An-140  Russia transport aircraft An-140-100 1[14] +3 on order[15]
Reconnaissance
Sukhoi Su-24MR (Fencer)  Soviet Union reconnaissance Su-24MR 4[11]
Kamov Ka-31  Russia airborne early warning Ka-31R 2 +1 on order.[16]
Rescue hydroplane with ASW capability
Beriev Be-12  Soviet Union rescue hydroplane Be-12 9 Probably will be replaced by Beriev A-40. Not ordered for this time.
Attack helicopter
Mil Mi-24 (Hind)  Soviet Union attack helicopter Mi-24V 20
Kamov Ka-52  Russia attack helicopter Ka-52K unknown designed for service on the Mistral class amphibious assault ships
Transport helicopter
Mil Mi-8 (Hip)  Soviet Union transport helicopter Mi-8MT 35
ASW helicopter
Kamov Ka-27 (Helix)  Soviet Union ASW helicopter Ka-27/29/32 88 72 used for ASW, while the rest of 16 used for transport.[17]
Mil Mi-14 (Haze)  Soviet Union ASW Helicopter Mi-14 9 5 used for search-and-rescue, while the other 4 are used for ASW.[18]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Force Report: Russian Navy". Air Forces Monthly. January 2012. 
  2. Air Forces Monthly, p. 65
  3. 3.0 3.1 Air Forces Monthly, p. 70
  4. http://flot.com/news/navy/index.php?ELEMENT_ID=56395
  5. http://rusnavy.com/news/newsofday/index.php?ELEMENT_ID=10601
  6. Moscow Defense Brief #2, 2011 p. 18-22
  7. "Ударные самолеты морской авиации передадут ВВС до конца года". http://news.ru.msn.com/article.aspx?cp-documentid=156629777. 
  8. http://flotprom.ru/news/?ELEMENT_ID=88318
  9. State of the Russian Air Force, warfare.ru. Retrieved on September 9, 2008.
  10. http://rusnavy.com/news/navy/index.php?ELEMENT_ID=11447
  11. 11.0 11.1 International Institute for Strategic Studies Military Balance 2012, p.200
  12. 12.0 12.1 Air Forces Monthly, p. 68
  13. Air Forces Monthly, p. 69
  14. http://bmpd.livejournal.com/386897.html
  15. http://bmpd.livejournal.com/508021.html
  16. http://bmpd.livejournal.com/270429.html
  17. Ka-27/29/32 Helix Naval helicopter, warfare.ru. Retrieved on September 9, 2008.
  18. Mil Mi-14 Haze, warfare.ru. Retrieved on September 9, 2008.

References[edit | edit source]

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