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SS Inca
Career
Name: SS Inca
Owner: The Peruvian Corporation (1905–75); ENAFER (1975–94)
Port of registry: Peru Puno
Route: formerly across Lake Titicaca
Ordered: 1905[1]
Builder: Earle's Shipbuilding, Hull, England[1]
Cost: £22,285[2]
Yard number: 489[1]
Launched: 1905[1]
In service: 1905
Fate: scrapped 1994[1]
General characteristics
Type: passenger & cargo ferry
Tonnage: 1,809 tons[1]
Length: 220 ft (67 m)[1]
Beam: 30 ft (9.1 m)[1]
Installed power: steam[1]
Propulsion: screw[1]

SS Inca was a steamship on Lake Titicaca.

HistoryEdit

The Peruvian Corporation, a UK-owned company, had controlled Peru's railways and lake shipping since 1890. Traffic had outstripped the capacity of the Corporation's hitherto largest lake steamer SS Coya (546 tons) and ageing Yavari and Yapura. Accordingly in 1904 the Corporation ordered the Inca, which at 1,809 tons was by far the lake's largest ship to date.[2]

Earle's Shipbuilding of Kingston upon Hull on the Humber in England built Inca as a "knock down" ship;[2] that is, they assembled her in their shipyard with bolts and nuts, marked each part with a number and then disassembled her into many hundreds of pieces and then sent her to Peru in kit form. The pieces were shipped by sea to South America and then by rail to Lake Titicaca,[2] where Inca was finally riveted together and launched. Each part had to fit within a packing crate no more than 10 feet (3 m) wide and 11 feet (3.4 m) high to fit within the railway's loading gauge, and weigh no more than 12 tons to be within the railway's axle loading.[2]

In the 1920s Earle's supplied a new bottom for the ship, which also was delivered in kit form.[2] Traffic continued to increase so in 1929 the Corporation ordered an even larger ship from Earle's, SS Ollanta, to work along with the Inca.[2]

In 1975 the Peruvian Corporation was nationalised and Inca's ownership passed to the state railway company ENAFER.[1] She survived in serviceable condition but in 1994 Inca was scrapped.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 "The Lake Steamers - Post 1900". Yavari - Lake Titicaca - Peru. The Yavari Project. http://www.yavari.org/lake-steamers.html. Retrieved 2011-05-21. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Grace, Michael L (2009-11-16). "The SS Ollanta". Cruising the Past. http://cruiselinehistory.com/?p=4478. Retrieved 2011-05-21. 

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