|Main office for SS Personnel|
|The Personalhauptamt was a main office of the SS.|
|Dissolved||May 8, 1945|
|Headquarters||SS Personalhauptamt, Wilmersdorfer Straße, Charlottenburg, Berlin|
|Minister responsible||Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler, (1939-1945)|
|Agency executives||SS-Gruppenführer Walter Schmitt, Chef fur Personalhauptamt, (1939 -1942) |
SS-Obergruppenführer Maximilian von Herff, Chef fur Personalhauptamt, (1942-1945)
Formation[edit | edit source]
The Personalhauptamt was responsible maintaining the service records for all commissioned Waffen-SS and Allgemeine-SS personnel. However it did not keep extensive details of non-commissioned or rank and file SS members. Likewise it was not responsible for promotions or appointments.
Its headquarters were originally located on Wilmersdorfer Straße, Berlin but by1943 the Allied bombing campaign against the German capital had forced the various departments of the Personalhauptamt to relocate throughout Nazi Germany.
Organization[edit | edit source]
The SS Personalhauptamt consisted of two main departments (German language: Ämter or Amtsgruppe). They were:
- Amt für Führerpersonalien (English: Office of Officer Personnel Records)
- Amt für Führernachwuchs (English: Office for Potential Officers)
Within the Office of Officer Personnel Records there were three sub departments. They were:
- Amtsgrupe A
- Amt I Zentralkartei (English: Central Records)
- Amt II Führernachwuchs und Schulen (English: Awards and Schooling)
- Amt III Disziplinar und Ehrenangelegenheiten (English: Discipline and honours)
- Amtsgruppe B (Personalamt Allgemeine-SS) (English: Allgemeine-SS Personnel Office)
- Amtsgruppe C (Personalamt Waffen-SS) (English: Waffen-SS Personnel Office)
Legacy[edit | edit source]
The Berlin headquarters of the Personalhauptamt was bombed several times during World War II, but most of the SS records survived the collapse of Nazi Germany. As such, the files of SS personnel have become an invaluable resource for present-day historians studying the Third Reich.
The archive has allowed researchers to carry out detailed examinations into the roles that major Nazis played in the Second World War and The Holocaust. For example, the service records of SS-Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich show how he organised the Wannsee Conference, masterminded the Final Solution and managed the Einsatzgruppen.
References[edit | edit source]
- United States. War Dept/Stephen E. Ambrose (2006-06-26). "Handbook on German military forces". http://books.goohttp://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=SS_Personalhauptamt&action=editgle.co.uk/books?id=b3W1tiuHzcoC&pg=PA185&lpg=PA185&dq=Personalhauptamt+headquarters&source=bl&ots=r5ZZIwG5nv&sig=j1egbUarDrqW4tcUghbVyx5GDfA&hl=en&ei=s_xESqr-Fp65jAfXktBi&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2.
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