The Saegheh ("Lightning" or "Thunder" in Persian) (also spelled Saegre, Saeghe, Saeqeh, etc.) refers to at least six completely separate Iranian weapons systems: a RPG warhead, an anti-tank guided missile family, a surface-to-surface rocket, a target drone family, an air-to-air missile and a claimed stealth Unmanned aerial vehicle.
The first system, the Saeghe 1, is an Iranian reverse-engineered clone of the American M47 Dragon wire-guided SACLOS ATGM, introduced in 2001. It seems to have entered production in 2002. Iran later introduced the Saeghe 2, a more advanced variant with a tandem-warhead to defeat explosive reactive armor, and the Saeghe-4, with a thermobaric warhead. The Saeghe-1 weights 6.1 kilograms (13 lb) and can penetrate armor up to 500 millimetres (20 in). The 7.4-kilogram (16 lb) Saeghe 2 missile has a tandem warhead and can penetrate up to 760 millimetres (30 in) of armor. The Saeghe 1 and Saeghe 2 ATGMs have a range of 50 to 1,000 metres (160 to 3,280 ft).
Despite being essentially obsolete, Saegheh anti-tank guided missiles have been exported to Syria, Hezbollah, and Shia militias in Iraq. The Saeghe 1 and Saeghe 2 were in production and service as of 2011, though they were not widely deployed. The Saeghe ATGM is extremely hard to aim and in Iranian service it appears to be limited to IRGC and rapid response forces.
In 2006, Iran tested a completely unrelated short-range surface-to-surface missile that is also named "Saegheh." It has a range of 80 to 250 kilometres (50 to 155 mi). Under the Saegheh name, Iran has also built a variant warhead for RPG-7 style rocket launchers. Iran also uses the Saeghe name for a target drone (which comes in two variants: Saeghe 1 and Saeghe 2) and an air-to-air missile.
The semi-official Tasnim news agency of Iran reported in September 2016 that an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV, drone) named Saegheh similar to the US RQ-170 Sentinel spy drone had been built. It was said to be able to carry four precision-guided bombs; range was not stated. An RQ-170 had been captured by Iran in 2011.
See also[edit | edit source]
- Current Equipment of the Iranian Army
- Iran's missile forces
- Iranian military industry
- Military of Iran
References[edit | edit source]
- People's Daily Online Iran Successfully Test-fires Anti-Armor Missile
- Pavland News Iran test-fires anti-armor missile - July 31, 2001
- Galen Wright, Iranian Military Capability 2011 - Ground Forces - March 15th 2011
- Lyamin, Yuri (5 October 2012). "Легкое противотанковое вооружение Ирана. Часть 1" (in ru). https://imp-navigator.livejournal.com/178035.html.
- "Iran builds attack drone similar to captured US model, local media say". 2 October 2016. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/oct/01/iran-builds-thunderbolt-drone.
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- China View Video and info