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Salih ibn Ali ibn Abdallah ibn al-Abbas (711–769 CE) was a member of the Abbasid dynasty who served as general and governor in Syria and Egypt.

Life[edit | edit source]

Salih and his brother Abdallah were among the van of the Abbasid overthrow of the Umayyads in 750: the brothers besieged and took the Caliphate's capital, Damascus, and then pursued the last Umayyad caliph, Marwan II, to Egypt, where he was captured and killed.[1][2]

Salih was named as the first Abbasid governor of Egypt on 9 August 750. He kept the post for less than a year, being named governor of the Jund Filastin (Palestine) in March 751. In this capacity, he sent Sa'id ibn Abdallah in the first raiding expedition of the Abbasid era against Byzantine Anatolia.[1] On 8 October 753 he was appointed again as governor of Egypt, a post he held until 21 February 755.[1] At the death of the Caliph al-Saffah – Salih's nephew – in 754, Salih's brother Abdallah launched a revolt in Syria against the new Caliph al-Mansur, claiming to have been named by the dying Saffah as his successor. Salih refused to join his brother's revolt and even led troops into Syria to help suppress it. He clashed with and defeated Abdallah's governor of Palestine, al-Hakam ibn Da'ban, while Abdallah himself was defeated by Abu Muslim and forced to submit to Mansur.[3]

Despite Abdallah's rebellion, Salih and his family were now established as the paramount Abbasid potentates in Syria, a position they held for the next half-century, as Salih's sons al-Fadl, Ibrahim and Abd al-Malik all held governorships in Syria and Egypt.[1][4] Salih was also able to appropriate most of the Umayyad dynasty's extensive properties in the area for himself. In addition, he played an important role in the strengthening of the Abbasid-Byzantine frontier, the thughur, re-occupying and rebuilding the former Byzantine cities of Melitene (Malatya), Germanikeia (Mar'ash) and Mopsuestia (al-Massisa). He died in Syria in 769.[1]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Grohmann & Kennedy (1998), p. 985
  2. Cobb (2001), p. 27
  3. Cobb (2001), pp. 23–27
  4. Cobb (2001), pp. 27–28

Sources[edit | edit source]

Preceded by
Abu Awn Abd al-Malik ibn Yazid
Governor of Egypt
753–755
Succeeded by
Abu Awn Abd al-Malik ibn Yazid
Preceded by
Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan
(for the Umayyad Caliphate)
Governor of Egypt
750–751
Succeeded by
Abu Awn Abd al-Malik ibn Yazid

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