Samuel Brookner Gould (1910–1997) was an American educator prominent for promoting access to education through non-traditional means such as educational television, college teacher-mentor systems, and universities without walls. Positions he held include: the presidency of the Educational Broadcasting System (1962–64); the Chancellorship of the State University of New York (1964–70); and the chairman of the Carnegie Commission on Non-Traditional Study (1971–74).
Life and career
Samuel Gould was born in Shelton, Connecticut, on October 11, 1910. He attended Bates College in Maine, graduating in 1930. He then attended Oxford University briefly in 1931 but left due to financial difficulties. He next worked for New England Telephone and Telegraph until accepting a teaching position in English at William Hall High School in West Hartford, Connecticut (1932–38). From 1938 to 1947, Gould headed the department of speech at Brookline High School in Massachusetts while working on his Ph.D. at Harvard University. He had previously completed his M.A. at New York University.
He served in the Navy as a Lt. Commander, PTD, during World War II. After the war, he helped establish Boston University's Communications Department and served as an assistant to the president from 1951 to 1953. In 1954, Gould became president of Antioch College in Ohio, a position he held until he was appointed Chancellor of the University of California, Santa Barbara in 1959. UCSB expanded its academic program under his leadership. In July 1962, Gould became president of the Educational Broadcasting System in New York with the flagship station, WNDT-TV, channel 13.
In 1964, Gould was appointed President of the State University of New York. During his administration, SUNY underwent its greatest physical and academic expansion and consolidation. Gould's vision for SUNY went beyond a desire to establish a traditional university system. He included in the university system new technologies such as television and non-traditional study opportunities such as those provided by the Empire State College teacher-mentor system. In 1967, his title was changed to Chancellor of the State University of New York. Under his tenure, the concept of granting academic credit for non-academic experience was initiated.
In 1970, Gould retired from SUNY, became Chancellor Emeritus and served briefly as a director at McKinsey and Company. From 1971 to 1974, he served as the chairman of the Carnegie Commission on Non-Traditional Study which attempted to modify and set new goals for education. During the 1970s Gould worked periodically with the Venezuelan Ministry of Education in developing that nation's university system. He accompanied Vice President Nelson Rockefeller, a close personal friend, on his 1977 tour of Latin America. From 1976 to 1977, he served as interim chancellor for higher education for the State of Connecticut. He has also served as a trustee of the Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association and on the Commission for Post-Secondary Educational Planning in Florida. Gould died on July 11, 1997.
|President of Antioch College
1954 – 1959
James P. Dixon
|New office||Chancellor of the University of California, Santa Barbara
1959 – 1962
Thomas H. Hamilton
|President of the State University of New York
September 1, 1964 – January 11, 1967
|New office||Chancellor of the State University of New York
January 12, 1967 – January 11, 1967
Ernest L. Boyer
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