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Samuel D. Sturgis Jr.
From 1917 postcard titled Scenes of Camp Pike, Little Rock, Arkansas
Born (1861-08-01)August 1, 1861
Died March 7, 1933(1933-03-07) (aged 71)
Place of birth St. Louis, Missouri
Place of death Washington, D.C.
Buried at Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch U.S. Army
Years of service 1884–1925
Rank Major General
Service number 0-47[1]
Unit United States Army Field Artillery Branch
Commands held 12th Field Artillery Battery
3rd Field Artillery Regiment
1st Field Artillery Regiment
7th Field Artillery Regiment
Camp Funston
Camp Leon Springs, Texas
Camp Pike
87th Division
80th Division
Camp Gordon
Camp Sherman, Ohio
Panama Canal Department
Third Corps Area
Battles/wars Spanish–American War
Philippine–American War
World War I
Spouse(s) Bertha Bement (m. 1896)
Relations Samuel D. Sturgis (father)

Samuel D. Sturgis Jr. (August 1, 1861 – March 7, 1933) was an officer in the United States Army. During World War I, he commanded the 87th and 80th Divisions.[1]

Early life[]

Samuel Davis Sturgis was born in St. Louis, Missouri on August 1, 1861, the son of Samuel D. Sturgis and Jerusha (Hilcox) Sturgis.[1] He attended Washington University in St. Louis before becoming a student at the United States Military Academy.[1] Sturgis graduated 13th of 37 in the class of 1884, and was commissioned as a second lieutenant of Field Artillery.[1]

Start of career[]

Sturgis was assigned to the 1st Field Artillery Regiment, with which he served until 1891.[2] His initial assignments included postings to Alcatraz Island, the Presidio of San Francisco, and the harbor defenses of San Diego, San Pedro, and Santa Barbara, and Fort Mason, California.[2]

After assignment to West Point from 1890 to 1891, Sturgis served until as aide-de-camp to Wesley Merritt during Merritt's command of the Department of Dakota and Department of the Missouri.[2] He then served with his regiment at Fort Riley, and then transferred to the 6th Artillery, with which he served at Fort Monroe and Fort McHenry.[2] In 1897 and 1898, Sturgis was assistant adjutant of the Department of the Pacific.[2]

Spanish–American War[]

During the Spanish–American War, Sturgis was assigned as assistant adjutant of the Eighth Corps.[2] He took part in the Battle of Manila, and then served as adjutant of the Department of Dakota.[2] He was subsequently assigned to Cuba, and served as disbursing officer of Cuban funds for the Department of Havana and assistant adjutant of the Department of Pinar del Rio.[2]

Philippine–American War[]

Sturgis took part in the Philippine–American War, and served as assistant adjutant of the Philippine Division.[2] He also served as adjutant of an expedition commanded by Theodore Schwan.[2]

Continued career[]

From 1901 to 1906, Sturgis was assigned to command the 12th Battery of Field Artillery, and served at Fort Douglas and Fort D. A. Russell.[2] During 1906 he also served as adjutant of the 2nd Provisional Field Artillery Regiment, an experimental organization that conducted operations at Fort Sill.[2] From 1907 to 1909, Sturgis served on the Army staff at the War Department.[2] He was chief of staff of the Department of Dakota from 1909 to 1911.[2]

In March 1911, Sturgis was promoted to lieutenant colonel and assigned as second in command of the 3rd Field Artillery Regiment, based at Fort Sam Houston.[2] He was assigned as the regimental commander in May, and served until August.[2] Between November 1911 and December 1912, Sturgis was a student at the Field Artillery School of Fire, and then the Mounted Service School at Fort Riley.[2] He was promoted to colonel in December 1912.[2]

In May 1913, Sturgis was assigned to command the 1st Field Artillery Regiment at Schofield Barracks, and he remained until January 1916, when he was ordered to Fort Sam Houston to organize and command the 7th Field Artillery Regiment.[2] In May 1917, Sturgis was promoted to brigadier general, and in July 1917, he was assigned to command the training camp organized at Leon Springs, Texas in anticipation of U.S. entry into World War I.[2]

World War I[]

In August 1917, Sturgis was promoted to temporary major general and assigned to command Camp Pike, Arkansas and the 87th Division.[2] After leading it though its organization and training, Sturgis led the division in France beginning in August 1918, when it was used to provide replacement troops for front line units.[2] He remained in command until the end of the war in November.[2] From November 1918 until April 1919, Sturgis commanded the 80th Division during its post-war occupation duty.[2]

Post-World War I[]

After the war, Sturgis commanded the demobilization centers at Camp Gordon, Camp Pike, and Camp Sherman, Ohio between 1919 and 1921.[2] In June 1920 he returned to his permanent rank of brigadier general.[2]

In October 1921, Sturgis was promoted to permanent major general.[2] He commanded the Panama Canal Department until October 1924.[2] Sturgis commanded the Third Corps Area headquartered at Fort Holabird from November 1924 until retiring in August 1925.[2]

Retirement and death[]

In retirement, Sturgis resided in Washington, D.C.[2] He died there on March 7, 1933,[1] and was buried at Arlington National Cemetery, Section 2, Site 1044.[2]

Family[]

In 1896, Sturgis married Bertha Bement.[1] They were the parents of Samuel D. Sturgis Jr., Elizabeth T. Sturgis, and Robert Bement Sturgis.[1]

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Davis, Henry Blaine Jr. (1998). Generals in Khaki. Pentland Press, Inc.. pp. 351–352. ISBN 1571970886. OCLC 40298151. 
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23 2.24 2.25 2.26 2.27 2.28 2.29 2.30 Thayer, William P. (2017). "Samuel D. Sturgis, Class of 1884". Chicago, IL: Bill Thayer. http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Places/America/United_States/Army/USMA/Cullums_Register/3033*.html. 

External links[]

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