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Savur-Mohyla Memorial
 Soviet Union
Саур-Могила.jpg
Savur-Mohyla Memorial, 2008
For Red Army soldiers fallen during World War II
Unveiled 1963
Location near Snizhne
Designed by Anatoly Ignashchenko

Savur-Mohyla (Ukrainian language: Савур-могила ), sometimes transcribed as Savur-Mogila or Saur-Mogila (Russian: Саур-Могила), is a strategic height in the Donets ridge near the city of Snizhne, located about 5 km (3.1 mi) away from the border between Ukraine (Donetsk Oblast) and Russia (Rostov Oblast).

It is originally a tumulus (kurgan) - "mohyla" means "tumulus" in Ukrainian and according to one interpretation the word "Savur" comes from Turkic "Sauyr", meaning "steppe mound shaped like horse bottom."

World War II[]

During the Eastern Front theatre of World War II, Savur-Mohyla was the focal point of intense fighting. Only in August 1943, Soviet troops managed to retake control of the height from German forces. In 1963 a memorial complex was unveiled on the top of the hill to honour the fallen soldiers.[1]

2014 war in Donbass[]

In 2014, during the long-time military conflict between Ukraine government troops and folk rebels, the Savur-Mohyla height was captured by the separatist forces. On July 23, 2014, folk rebels shot down two Ukrainian Air Force Sukhoi Su-25 (NATO reporting name "Frogfoot") ground-attack aircraft flying at 17,000 feet (5,182 meters) over Savur-Mohyla.[2][3]

On July 28, 2014, after intense fighting, the Armed Forces of Ukraine claimed that they recaptured control of Savur-Mohyla from the pro-Russian insurgents.[4] However commander of the pro-Russian Donetsk People's Republic rebellion Igor Girkin, denied Savur-Mohyla had been lost, saying fighting was continuing.[5] Followings its captured by the Ukrainian army on August 9, 2014,[6] the insurgents recaptured the hill on August 26, 2014.[7][8] On August 21, 2014, the memorial's obelisk collapsed after enduring weeks of heavy shelling.[7][9]

References[]

Coordinates: 47°55′22.75″N 38°44′25.94″E / 47.9229861°N 38.7405389°E / 47.9229861; 38.7405389

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