Sayler's Creek Battlefield near Farmville, Virginia was the site of the Battle of Sayler's Creek of the American Civil War. Robert E. Lee's army was retreating from the Richmond to Petersburg line. Here, on April 6, 1865, Union General Philip Sheridan cut off and beat back about a quarter of Lee's army. Eight Confederate generals surrendered, and 7,700 men were lost. This was the last major engagement of the war; Lee's surrender at Appomattox occurred three days later. A portion of the landmarked battlefield area is included in Sailor's Creek Battlefield Historical State Park.
The battle was composed of three separate engagements, which may be termed the Battle of Hillsman's Farm, the Battle of Marshall's Cross Roads (or Battle of Harper's Farm), and the Battle of Lockett's Farm (or Battle of Double Bridges). The Hillsman house served as a hospital for both Confederate and Union troops. Bloodstains still remain on the floor from when it served as a hospital after the battles. The Lockett house is in its original state. The Christian house is also there. Areas in the NHL site include four portions of 800 acres (3.2 km2), 215 acres (0.87 km2), 5 acres (20,000 m2), and 0.6 acres (2,400 m2). These are indicated on topographical maps included in the Virginia DHR provided version of the NRHP documents. Only 321 acres (1.30 km2) are covered by the current state park.
It is located on Virginia Routes 617, 618, and 619 in Farmville and Burkeville, in Amelia and Prince Edward counties in Virginia. From 1865 to the area's nomination for the National Register in 1984, the area saw little development, and remained much as it was during the battles. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1985.
The land was originally named in the 18th century for a farmer named Saylor. During the Civil War, the name was changed to Sayler. Some official records called it Sailor, which is what the Commonwealth of Virginia uses in its name for the related park.
References[edit | edit source]
- Christopher M. Calkins (June, 1984). " PDF (32 KB)". National Park Service. (includes 6 maps describing the battle) and PDF (32 KB)
- Battle of Sayler's Creek site photos
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- Christopher M. Calkins (June, 1984). " PDF (32 KB)". National Park Service. (includes 6 maps describing the battle, and topographical maps showing the four NHL site areas)
- http://www.dcr.virginia.gov/state_parks/documents/vspguide.pdf pg.9
[edit | edit source]
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