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1stViscountCardwell

Edward Cardwell, later Viscount Cardwell, Secretary of State for War from 1868 to 1874; architect of the Cardwell Reforms

The position of Secretary of State for War, commonly called War Secretary, was a British cabinet-level position, first held by Henry Dundas (appointed in 1794). In 1801 the post became that of Secretary of State for War and the Colonies. The position was re-instated in 1854. In 1946, with the creation of a cabinet level Minister of Defence separate from the Prime Minister, it ceased to be a cabinet position, and the office was abolished (along with that of First Lord of the Admiralty and Secretary of State for Air) on 1 April 1964, when the cabinet position was replaced by the Secretary of State for Defence – in charge of a new united Ministry of Defence.

The Secretary of State headed the War Office and was assisted by a Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for War, a Parliamentary Private Secretary who was also a Member of Parliament, and a Military Secretary, who was a general.

Secretaries of State for War, 1794–1801Edit

Name Portrait Term of office Political party
Henry Dundas
(also President of the Board of Control)
60px 11 July 1794 17 March 1801 Tory

For 1801–1854 see Secretary of State for War and the Colonies.

Secretaries of State for War, 1854–1964Edit

Name Portrait Term of office Political party
The Duke of Newcastle 5thDukeOfNewcastle 12 June 1854 30 January 1855 Peelite
The Lord Panmure 11th Earl of Dalhousie 8 February 1855 21 February 1858 Whig
Jonathan Peel Jonathan Peel 26 February 1858 11 June 1859 Conservative
Sidney Herbert Sidney Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Lea 18 June 1859 22 July 1861 Liberal
Sir George Cornewall Lewis, Bt Sir George Cornewall Lewis, 2nd Bt 23 July 1861 13 April 1863 Liberal
The Earl de Grey and Ripon George Robinson 1st Marquess of Ripon 28 April 1863 16 February 1866 Liberal
The Marquess of Hartington 8thDukeOfDevonshire 16 February 1866 26 June 1866 Liberal
Jonathan Peel Jonathan Peel 6 July 1866 8 March 1867 Conservative
Sir John Pakington, Bt John Pakington 1st Baron Hampton 8 March 1867 1 December 1868 Conservative
Edward Cardwell 1stViscountCardwell 9 December 1868 17 February 1874 Liberal
Gathorne Hardy 1st Earl of Cranbrook 21 February 1874 2 April 1878 Conservative
Frederick Stanley Frederick Arthur Stanley 2 April 1878 21 April 1880 Conservative
Hugh Childers Hugh Childers, Lock & Whitfield woodburytype, 1876-83 28 April 1880 16 December 1882 Liberal
The Marquess of Hartington 8thDukeOfDevonshire 16 December 1882 9 June 1885 Liberal
W. H. Smith 60px 24 June 1885 21 January 1886 Conservative
The Viscount Cranbrook 1st Earl of Cranbrook 21 January 1886 6 February 1886 Conservative
Henry Campbell-Bannerman Henry Campbell-Bannerman photo 6 February 1886 20 July 1886 Liberal
W. H. Smith 60px 3 August 1886 14 January 1887 Conservative
Edward Stanhope Edward Stanhope 14 January 1887 11 August 1892 Conservative
Henry Campbell-Bannerman Henry Campbell-Bannerman photo 18 August 1892 21 June 1895 Liberal
The Marquess of Lansdowne Henry Petty-FitzMaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne - Project Gutenberg eText 16528 4 July 1895 12 November 1900 Liberal Unionist
St John Brodrick 1stEarlOfMidleton 12 November 1900 6 October 1903 Conservative
H. O. Arnold-Forster Hugh Arnold-Forster, 1899 6 October 1903 4 December 1905 Liberal Unionist
Richard Haldane
(Viscount Haldane from 1911)
Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane - Project Gutenberg eText 15306 10 December 1905 12 June 1912 Liberal
J. E. B. Seely JEB Seely 1909 12 June 1912 30 March 1914 Liberal
H. H. Asquith
(while Prime Minister)
H H Asquith 1908 30 March 1914 5 August 1914 Liberal
The Earl Kitchener Lord Kitchener AWM A03547 5 August 1914 5 June 1916 none
(Coalition)
David Lloyd George David Lloyd George 6 July[1] 1916 5 December 1916 Liberal
(Coalition)
The Earl of Derby Edward George Villiers Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby by Sir William Orpen 10 December 1916 18 April 1918 Conservative
(Coalition)
The Viscount Milner Lord Milner 18 April 1918 10 January 1919 Conservative
(Coalition)
Winston Churchill Churchill 1904 Q 42037 10 January 1919 13 February 1921 Liberal
(Coalition)
Sir Laming Worthington-Evans, Bt 60px 13 February 1921 19 October 1922 Conservative
(Coalition)
The Earl of Derby Edward George Villiers Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby by Sir William Orpen 24 October 1922 22 January 1924 Conservative
Stephen Walsh Stephen Walsh 22 January 1924 3 November 1924 Labour
Sir Laming Worthington-Evans, Bt 60px 6 November 1924 4 June 1929 Conservative
Thomas Shaw No image 7 June 1929 24 August 1931 Labour
The Marquess of Crewe Robert Crewe-Milnes portrait 25 August 1931 5 November 1931 Liberal
(National Govt)
The Viscount Hailsham Hailsham1 5 November 1931 7 June 1935 Conservative
(National Govt)
The Viscount Halifax Lord Halifax 1937 7 June 1935 22 November 1935 Conservative
(National Govt)
Duff Cooper 60px 22 November 1935 28 May 1937 Conservative
(National Govt)
Leslie Hore-Belisha Leslie Hore-Belisha 1951 28 May 1937 5 January 1940 National Liberal
(National Govt; War Govt)
Oliver Stanley 60px 5 January 1940 11 May 1940 Conservative
(War Govt)
Anthony Eden Anthony Eden (retouched) 11 May 1940 22 December 1940 Conservative
(Coalition)
David Margesson No image 22 December 1940 22 February 1942 Conservative
(Coalition)
Sir P. J. Grigg Percy James Grigg 22 February 1942 26 July 1945 National
(Coalition; Caretaker Govt)
Jack Lawson No image 3 August 1945 4 October 1946 Labour
Frederick Bellenger No image 4 October 1946 7 October 1947 Labour
Emanuel Shinwell Manny Shinwell 1 7 October 1947 28 February 1950 Labour
John Strachey John Strachey by Lady Ottoline Morrell 28 February 1950 26 October 1951 Labour
Antony Head No image 31 October 1951 18 October 1956 Conservative
John Hare No image 18 October 1956 6 January 1958 Conservative
Christopher Soames No image 6 January 1958 27 July 1960 Conservative
John Profumo No image 27 July 1960 5 June 1963 Conservative
Joseph Godber No image 27 June 1963 21 October 1963 Conservative
James Ramsden No image 21 October 1963 1 April 1964 Conservative

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Times, 7 July 1916

External linksEdit

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