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Severomorsk naval base

Flag
Coordinates: 69°04′N 33°25′E / 69.067°N 33.417°E / 69.067; 33.417
Government
 • Mayor Alexandr Abramov

Map of the Northern Fleet bases

Severomorsk (Russian: Северомо́рск) is a closed town in Murmansk Oblast, Russia, several miles northeast of Murmansk along the Kola Bay. Population: 50,060 (2010 Census);[1] 55,102 (2002 Census);[2] 62,120 (1989 Census).[3]

History[edit | edit source]

It was founded in the second half of the 19th century as the settlement of Vayenga (Ваенга).[citation needed] The colony of Vayenga was one of the twenty-one included into Alexandrovskaya Volost of Alexandrovsky Uyezd of Arkhangelsk Governorate upon its establishment on July 1, 1920.[4]

On April 18, 1951, it was elevated in status to that of a town under oblast jurisdiction and given its present name.[5] On April 26, 1951, by the Decision of Murmansk Oblast Executive Committee, several inhabited localities of Polyarny District were passed into its jurisdiction.[5]

By the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR of July 9, 1960, Polyarny District was abolished and the town of Polyarny was administratively subordinated to Severomorsk.[6] At the same time, the territory of Teribersky District was also merged with the territory of Severomorsk, to which the district's subdivisions were subordinated.[6] Teribersky District was nominally retained as an administrative division and renamed Severomorsky.[6]

When Saamsky District was abolished on January 26, 1963, Gremikha, its administrative center, was similarly subordinated to Severomorsk.[5]

By the June 17, 1983 Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR Decree, the town of Polyarny was elevated in status to that of a town under oblast jurisdiction, and consequently by the August 10, 1983 Decision of the Murmansk Oblast Executive Committee, several inhabited localities previously subordinated to Severomorsk were transferred to it.[5]

Administrative and municipal status[edit | edit source]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with two urban-type settlements and two rural localities, incorporated as the closed administrative-territorial formation of Severomorsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[7] As a municipal division, the closed administrative-territorial formation of Severomorsk is incorporated as Severomorsk Urban Okrug.[8]

Military[edit | edit source]

This is the main administrative base of the Russian Northern Fleet. Severomorsk has the largest drydock on the Kola Peninsula.

On May 13, 1984, on the outskirts of Severomorsk, there was a major fire at a stockpile of naval missiles. The fire lasted five days, was accompanied by violent explosions, killed 200-300 people, and destroyed at least one third of the Northern Fleet's stockpile of surface-to-air missiles.[9]

References[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/perepis2010/croc/perepis_itogi1612.htm. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" (in Russian) (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002]. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  3. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989]. Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg.php. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  4. Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, p. 66
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, p. 54–58
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Decree #741/18
  7. Law #96-01-ZMO
  8. Law #530-01-ZMO
  9. See:
    • "Soviets claim ignorance in munitions depot blast," New York Times News Service, June 23, 1984. Available on line at: Google Newspapers.
    • "Soviet northern fleet 'disabled'," Associated Press, July 10, 1984. Available on-line at: Google Newspapers.
    • Wayne D. LeBaron, America's Nuclear Legacy: The Dark Age of Egalita (Commack, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 1998), page 193.
    • GlobalSecurity.org: Severomorsk
    • Derek Wood (July 14, 1984) "Soviets' northern fleet disabled... 'not viable' for six months," Jane's Defence Weekly, 2(1) : 3.
    • Derek Wood (July 14, 1984) "Six explosions in the past seven months," Jane's Defence Weekly, 2(1) : 3.
    • Mark Daly (August 18, 1984) "Goa and Goblet SAMs in Severomorsk explosion," Jane's Defence Weekly, 2(6) : 224.
    • John Moore (August 18, 1984) "The aftermath of Severomorsk," Jane's Defence Weekly, 2(6) : 224.

Sources[edit | edit source]

  • Мурманская областная Дума. Закон №96-01-ЗМО от 6 января 1998 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Мурманской области», в ред. Закона №1778-01-ЗМО от 12 ноября 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Мурманской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Мурманской области"». Опубликован: "Мурманский Вестник", №10, стр. 3, 16 января 1998 г. (Murmansk Oblast Duma. Law #96-01-ZMO of January 6, 1998 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Murmansk Oblast, as amended by the Law #1778-01-ZMO of November 12, 2014 On Amending the Law of Murmansk Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Murmansk Oblast". ).
  • Мурманская областная Дума. Закон №530-01-ЗМО от 2 декабря 2004 г. «О наделении статусом городского округа закрытых административно-территориальных образований Мурманской области», в ред. Закона №1812-01-ЗМО от 19 декабря 2014 г. «Об упразднении населённого пункта Мурманской области и о внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Мурманской области». Вступил в силу 1 января 2005 г. Опубликован: "Мурманский Вестник", №234, стр. 3, 7 декабря 2004 г. (Murmansk Oblast Duma. Law #530-01-ZMO of December 2, 2004 On Granting Urban Okrug Status to the Closed Administrative-Territorial Formations of Murmansk Oblast, as amended by the Law #1812-01-ZMO of December 19, 2014 On Abolishing an Inhabited Locality in Murmansk Oblast and on Amending Various Legislative Acts of Murmansk Oblast. Effective as of January 1, 2005.).
  • Архивный отдел Администрации Мурманской области. Государственный Архив Мурманской области. (1995). Административно-территориальное деление Мурманской области (1920-1993 гг.). Справочник. Мурманск: Мурманское издательско-полиграфическое предприятие "Север". 
  • Президиум Верховного Совета РСФСР. Указ №741/18 от 9 июля 1960 г. «Об упразднении Полярного района, объединении Североморского городского и Териберского районного советов и переименовании Териберского района Мурманской области». Опубликован: "Ведомости ВС РСФСР", №25, ст. 371, 1960. (Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR. Decree #741/18 of July 9, 1960 On the Abolition of Polyarny District, the Merger of Severomorsk Town and Teribersky District Soviets, and the Renaming of Teribersky District of Murmansk Oblast. ).

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