|Short 827 and 830|
|Short Type 827 (8237), at Lee-on-Solent, 1918|
|National origin||United Kingdom|
|Primary user||Royal Naval Air Service|
|Number built|| 108 (Type 827)|
18 (Type 830)
The Short Type 827 was a 1910s British two-seat reconnaissance floatplane. It was also known as the Short Admiralty Type 827.
Design and developmentEdit
The Short Type 827 was a two-bay biplane with unswept equal span wings, a slightly smaller development of the Short Type 166. It had a box section fuselage mounted on the lower wing. It had twin floats under the forward fuselage, plus small floats fitted at the wingtips and tail. It was powered by a nose-mounted Sunbeam Nubian engine, with a two-bladed tractor propeller. The crew of two sat in open cockpits in tandem.
The aircraft was built by Short Brothers (36 aircraft,) and also produced by different contractors around the United Kingdom, i.e. Brush Electrical (20), Parnall (20), Fairey (12) and Sunbeam (20).
The Short Type 830 was a variant powered by a 135 hp (101 kW) Salmson water-cooled radial engine.
- Type 827
- Production aircraft with a Sunbeam Nubian engine, 108 built.
- Type 830
- Variant powered by a 135 hp (100 kW) Salmson 18 built.
- A batch of ten tractor seaplanes officially listed as Type 830s[where?] with a 140 hp (104 kW) Salmson-Canton-Unné engine are sometimes described as Short S.301s after the sequence/construction number of the first aircraft. It was a hybrid design, with the wings and fuselage of the Short Type 166 and the straight-edged ailerons and forward observer's position of the Type 830.
Specifications (Type 827)Edit
Data from Orbis 1985General characteristics
- Crew: 2 (pilot, observer)
- Length: 35 ft 3 in (10.74 m)
- Wingspan: 53 ft 11 in (16.43 m)
- Height: 13 ft 6 in (4.11 m)
- Wing area: 506 ft2 (47.01 m2)
- Empty weight: 2,700 lb (1,225 kg)
- Gross weight: 3,400 lb (1,542 kg)
- Powerplant: 1 × Sunbeam Nubian V-engine, 150 hp (112 kW)
- Maximum speed: 62 mph (100 km/h)
- Endurance: 3 hours 30 min</ul>Armament
- 1 x .303 Lewis Gun on flexible mount in rear cockpit
- Provision for light bombs on underwing racks
- Barnes C.H. & James D.N (1989). Shorts Aircraft since 1900. London: Putnam. pp. 560. ISBN 0-85177-819-4.
- Bruce, J.M (1956). "The Short Seaplanes: Historic Military Aircraft No 14: Part II". pp. pp.965–968. http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1956/1956%20-%201804.html.
- Bruce, J.M (1957). "The Short Seaplanes: Historic Military Aircraft No 14: Part IV". pp. pp.23–24. http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1957/1957%20-%200023.html.
- Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. pp. 801.
- The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing. </dl>
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