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==Siege==
 
==Siege==
 
The British government instructed [[Henry Clinton (American War of Independence)|Sir Henry Clinton]] to head a combined military and naval expedition southward. He evacuated Newport, Rhode Island, on October 25, 1779, and left New York City in command of [[Hessian (soldiers)|Hessian]] General [[Wilhelm von Knyphausen]]. In December, he sailed with 8,500 troops to join [[Colonel]] [[Mark Prevost]] at Savannah. [[Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis|Charles Cornwallis]] accompanied him, and later [[Lord Rawdon]] joined him with an additional force, raising the size of the expedition to around 14,000 troops and 90 ships.
 
The British government instructed [[Henry Clinton (American War of Independence)|Sir Henry Clinton]] to head a combined military and naval expedition southward. He evacuated Newport, Rhode Island, on October 25, 1779, and left New York City in command of [[Hessian (soldiers)|Hessian]] General [[Wilhelm von Knyphausen]]. In December, he sailed with 8,500 troops to join [[Colonel]] [[Mark Prevost]] at Savannah. [[Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis|Charles Cornwallis]] accompanied him, and later [[Lord Rawdon]] joined him with an additional force, raising the size of the expedition to around 14,000 troops and 90 ships.
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Marching upon Charleston via [[James Island (South Carolina)|James Island]], Clinton cut off the city from relief, and began a siege on April 1. Skirmishes at [[Battle of Monck's Corner|Monck's Corner]] and [[Battle of Lenud's Ferry|Lenud's Ferry]] in April and early May scattered troops on the outskirts of the siege area. [[Benjamin Lincoln]] held a council of war, and was advised by [[Jean Baptiste Joseph, chevalier de Laumoy|de Laumoy]] to surrender given the inadequate fortifications.<ref>{{cite book| url=http://books.google.com/books?id=deeAOjCEW1wC&pg=PA101&lpg=PA101&dq=Jean+Baptiste+Joseph,+chevalier+de+Laumoy#PPA101,M1|author=David B. Mattern| title=Benjamin Lincoln and the American Revolution| page=101 | isbn=978-1-57003-260-8 | year=1998 | publisher=Univ of South Carolina Press}}</ref><ref>{{cite book| url=http://books.google.com/books?id=0dHV8iVDxe4C&pg=RA1-PA167&lpg=RA1-PA167&dq=Jean+Baptiste+Joseph,+chevalier+de+Laumoy#PRA1-PA169,M1| author=Carl P. Borick| title=A Gallant Defense| page=169 | isbn=978-1-57003-487-9 | year=2003 | publisher=Univ of South Carolina Press}}</ref> Clinton compelled Lincoln to surrender on May 12.<ref>{{cite book| url=http://books.google.com/books?id=faRVfmpL6ikC&pg=PA117&lpg=PA117&dq=de+la+radiere#PPA124,M1| title=Fortress America | author=J. E. Kaufmann| illustrator=Tomasz Idzikowski| pages=124–125| publisher=Da Capo Press| year=2004| isbn=978-0-306-81294-1}}</ref> The loss of the city and its 5,000 troops was a serious blow to the American cause. It was the largest surrender of an American armed force until the 1862 surrender of [[Union (American Civil War)|Union]] forces at [[Battle of Harper's Ferry|Harper's Ferry]] during the [[Antietam Campaign]]. The last remaining Continental Army troops were driven from South Carolina consequent to the May 29 [[Battle of Waxhaws]]. General Clinton returned to New York City in June, leaving Cornwallis in command with instructions to also reduce North Carolina.
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Marching upon Charleston via [[James Island (South Carolina)|James Island]], Clinton cut off the city from relief, and began a siege on April 1. Skirmishes at [[Battle of Monck's Corner|Monck's Corner]] and [[Battle of Lenud's Ferry|Lenud's Ferry]] in April and early May scattered troops on the outskirts of the siege area. [[Benjamin Lincoln]] held a council of war, and was advised by [[Jean Baptiste Joseph, chevalier de Laumoy|de Laumoy]] to surrender given the inadequate fortifications.<ref>{{cite book| url=http://books.google.com/books?id=deeAOjCEW1wC&pg=PA101&lpg=PA101&dq=Jean+Baptiste+Joseph,+chevalier+de+Laumoy#PPA101,M1|author=David B. Mattern| title=Benjamin Lincoln and the American Revolution| page=101 | isbn=978-1-57003-260-8 | year=1998 | publisher=Univ of South Carolina Press}}</ref><ref>{{cite book| url=http://books.google.com/books?id=0dHV8iVDxe4C&pg=RA1-PA167&lpg=RA1-PA167&dq=Jean+Baptiste+Joseph,+chevalier+de+Laumoy#PRA1-PA169,M1| author=Carl P. Borick| title=A Gallant Defense| page=169 | isbn=978-1-57003-487-9 | year=2003 | publisher=Univ of South Carolina Press}}</ref> Clinton compelled Lincoln to surrender on May 12.<ref>{{cite book| url=http://books.google.com/books?id=faRVfmpL6ikC&pg=PA117&lpg=PA117&dq=de+la+radiere#PPA124,M1| title=Fortress America | author=J. E. Kaufmann| illustrator=Tomasz Idzikowski| pages=124–125| publisher=Da Capo Press| year=2004| isbn=978-0-306-81294-1}}</ref> The loss of the city and its 5,000 troops was a serious blow to the American cause. It was the largest surrender of an American armed force until the 1862 surrender of [[Union (American Civil War)|Union]] forces at [[Battle of Harper's Ferry|Harper's Ferry]] during the [[Antietam Campaign]]. The last remaining Continental Army troops were driven from South Carolina consequent to the May 29 [[Battle of Waxhaws]]. General Clinton returned to New York City in June, leaving Cornwallis in command with instructions to also reduce [[North Carolina]].
   
 
==Aftermath==
 
==Aftermath==

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